1 ifkbcder18cbpkawj06jkw

The Main Highpoints of Online Education across Time

  • Programmed Logic for Automatic Teaching Operations

    Programmed Logic for Automatic Teaching Operations
    PLATO or Programmed Logic for Automatic Teaching Operations was developed by the University of Illinois. PLATO was the first computer system that offered instruction to students from elementary level to graduate-level courses (Culatta, 2011).
  • Period: to

    1960s

    The origin of the Internet era
  • Education Automation (1962)

    Education Automation (1962)
    Buckminster Fuller published his book Education Automation where he prophesized that learning will be augmented by informational technology (Culatta, 2011).
  • ARPANET

    ARPANET
    US Department of Defense authorized ARPANET or The Advanced Research Projects Agency Network in 1969. ARPANET is a forerunner for the Internet. Academics and researchers provided a great opportunity for learners to collaborate with the larger scientific community (Culatta, 2011; Harasim, 2000).
  • First e-mail

    First e-mail
    The first e-mail is invented in 1971 (Harasim, 2000).
  • Period: to

    1970s

    The 1970s were characterized by the invention of the first e-mail, by the invention of computer conferencing, and by the establishment of USENET. Educational application of computer networking started in the mid-1970s (Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc., 2020; Harasim, 2000).
  • Computer Conferencing

    Computer Conferencing
    Computer Conferencing was invented by Murray Turoff in 1972. It is a forerunner of today's collaborative online classroom (Harasim, 2000).
  • USENET

    USENET
    USENET was invented by Tom Truscott, Jim Ellis, and Steve Bellovin in 1979. Usenet is a network of newsgroups, and it is used to exchange messages and files (Culatta, 2011; Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc.,2020).
  • Western Behavioral Sciences Institute

    Western Behavioral Sciences Institute
    Western Behavioral Sciences Institute (WBSI) offered the first online educational program for executives in 1982 (Culatta, 2011; Harasim, 2000).
  • The Computer Assisted Learning Center (CALC)

    The Computer Assisted Learning Center (CALC)
    The Computer Assisted Learning Center was an adult learning center that offered instruction to adult individuals. CALC was founded in New Hampshire in 1982 (Culatta, 2011).
  • Period: to

    1980s

    The1980s were mostly characterized by using computer-based programs and training to educate taskforce. It was also an era of the emergence of the communication network among K-12 students, RAPPI network. Moreover, the University of Phoenix utilized CompuServe online services for consumers (Harasim, 2000; Kentnor, 2015).
  • Computer Supported Intentional Learning Environment

    Computer Supported Intentional Learning Environment
    CSILE is Computer Supported Intentional Learning Environment that is created by Scardamalia and Bereiter in 1984. CSILE promotes the constructivists' view of learning (Culatta, 2011).
  • TERC

    TERC
    Robert Tinker in Technical Education Research Centers developed National Geographic’s KidsNet. KidsNet conveyed experiments based learning to K-12 students (THE Journal,1997, June 1).
  • AICC-Aviation Industry CBT Committee

    AICC-Aviation Industry CBT Committee
    Aviation Industry CBT Committee (AICC) was established for a hardware normalization of computer-based training platforms in 1988 (Culatta, 2011).
  • The Open University ,UK -1989

    The Open University ,UK -1989
    Open University applied computer conferencing for a distance education course in 1989. The course involved 1500 students who had access to instructors and discussions with their fellow learners (Harasim, 2000).
  • The University of Phoenix

    The University of Phoenix
    In 1991, the University of Phoenix is the first university to offer an online education program via the Internet prompting other institutions of higher learning to follow the example (Kentnor, 2015).
  • World-Wide-Web

    World-Wide-Web
    The invention of the World Wide Web (Kentnor, 2015).
  • Period: to

    1990s

    World-Wide-Web Era
  • Computer Assisted Personalized Approach

    Computer Assisted Personalized Approach
    Computer Assisted personalized Approach or CAPA was initiated
    at Michigan State University and it was used in a physics course,1992 (Culatta, 2011).
  • CALCampus.com

    CALCampus.com
    CALCampus was the first entirely based online school. The instruction and materials via real-time classroom (Culatta, 2011).
  • Lotus Development Corporation

    Lotus Development Corporation
    Lotus Development Corporation attains the Human Interest Group.
    Their LMS and Virtual Classroom are now owned by IBM (Culatta, 2011).
  • Virtual Summer School (VSS) for Open University

    Virtual Summer School (VSS) for Open University
    Virtual Summer School (Open University) enabled learners to attend D309 Cognitive Psychology by using a computer and a modem. These students participated in discussions, and experiments as well as searched literature. They also were able to work in group projects perform statistical analyses, make presentations, and use chit-chat (Culatta, 2011).
  • E-mail exceeds postal mail

    E-mail exceeds postal mail
    E-mail exceeds a postal mail in a number of documents (Ferrer, 2019, Jul 17).
  • WebCT

    WebCT
    WebCT 1.0 was issued in 1997 (Culatta, 2011).
  • Blackboard Course Management software

    Blackboard Course Management software
    Blackboard Course Management software launches in 1997 (Ferrer, 2019, Jul 17).
  • Interactive Learning Network -Blackboard

    Interactive Learning Network -Blackboard
    Cornell University and the CourseInfo team developed Interactive Learning Network that was merged with Blackboard (Culatta, 2011).
  • Google search engine

    Google search engine
    The Google search engine is developed in 1998 (Ferrer, 2019, Jul 17).
  • Moodle

    Moodle
    Moodle.com released Moodle 1.0
  • Creative Commons

    Creative Commons
    Creative Commons built by fifteen-year-old Aaron Swartz under the guidance of history professor Lawrence Lessig (Ferrer, 2019).
  • Wikipedia

    Wikipedia
    Wikipedia was launched by Jimmy Wales (Ferrer, 2019).
  • Period: to

    2000s

    Online educational activities are booming. The opening of many online degree programs is exponentially growing to satisfy a demand for nontraditional learners.
  • OpenCourseWare Project (MIT)

    OpenCourseWare Project (MIT)
    MIT launches The OpenCourseWare Project that contains free access to educational materials (Ferrer, 2019).
  • Online Courses

     Online Courses
    By 2002, over 1.6 million college and university students were enrolled in online courses (Kentnor, 2015).
  • Facebook

    Facebook
    Mark Zuckerberg launched Facebook. The site was originally intended as a collegiate chat site (Ferrer, 2019).
  • YOUTUBE

    YOUTUBE
    In December 2005, Chad Hurley and Jawed Karim launched Youtube (Ferrer, 2019).
  • Khan Academy

    Khan Academy
    Khan Academy founded by Salman Khan (Ferrer, 2019).
  • Online courses enrollment > 5.5 mil

    Online courses enrollment  > 5.5 mil
    By 2009, over 5.5 million students worldwide were enrolled in at the minimum one online postsecondary course (Ferrer, 2019).
  • Regulatory changes - Online Colleges

    Regulatory changes - Online Colleges
    The mandate issued by the Department of Education requires all online colleges to meet the expectations of state-level educational requirements. The mandate requires that only credit hours are used not competences and other measures of learning (Ferrer, 2019).
  • Udacity launches MOOCs

    Udacity launches MOOCs
    "Udacity launches Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) on behalf of Harvard and MIT" (Ferrer, 2019, Table 1).
  • MOOCs

    MOOCs
    San Jose State University and Udacity delivered massive open online courses" (MOOCs; Pearcy, 2014).
  • UF - ONLINE

    UF - ONLINE
    University of Florida–Online became the first online-only public university (Ferrer, 2019).
  • Public online programs

    Public online programs
    In 2018, 98% of post-secondary academic institutions offered
    some type of online programs (Ferrer, 2019, Jul 17).
  • First Ivy League Online Program

    First Ivy League Online Program
    The University of Pennsylvania became the first Ivy League school to offer an online bachelor's program (Ferrer, 2019).
  • COVID-19

    COVID-19
    During COVID -19 pandemic, emergency remote teaching might be a viable option ( Milman, 2020, March 30).