Bernal Arcila Alejandra
Gómez Maria Fernanda
Moreno Luna Jenniffer
Solano Vargas Juliana
Appears in the 50s, during World War II.
It was the greatest interest to teach the foreign language.
It became known for traditional grammar.
Harvard B.F. Skinner
Representative author audio-lingual method.
Objective of the audio-lingual method
His objective was to fulfill the oral competence
This served to develop the cognitive part.
Representative author suggestopedia, was originated in Bulgaria.
It was created to learn English as a second language.
This is a behaviorist method that emphasizes the importance of the student's feelings, the way that you learn depends on if you feel comfortable.
Teaching changes in Britain.
It is contrasted with Chomsky's theories.
Language integration level and level of needs.
Art Of Language
Focus only on reading and writing.
Real communication and language change.
Characteristics competence based teaching
Involve multiple measures of assessment to determine competency.
Demonstrate skills and practices determining competencies.
The purpose of this approach is to give tools for people to learn how others achieve success, not only in languages but also in a variety of professions.
Effective communication and modeling are very important characteristics here.
Neurolinguistic programming purpose
Purpose and spirituality, Identity, beliefs and values, capabilities and skills, behaviors, and environment are facts that change and are important in the learning process.
It is a method for beginners based on observation and interpretation.
Language is viewed as a vehicle for communicating meaning and messages.
Sequential activities task based learning
The pre-task (the introduction, motivation, and information about it) The task, and the review
The pre-existing knowledge and the few errors when they do the task are important facts.
N. U. Prabhu
Representative author: Task based learning.
With this method, the learner can improve: Vocabulary, grammar, communication and use them in several and realistic contexts.
Task based learning
This method is based on tasks completion
The tasks are interesting and relevant and the teachers set it to the learners to complete it
Content based learning approach
One of the most widely spoken languages
This method is connected with linguistics
In the words of Gardner himself: "Every human being has a unique combination of intelligence. This is the fundamental educational challenge".
Structures of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences
Linguistic Intelligence: Communication & Language
Ability to use language and its forms of expression for assertive and creative communication.
Mathematical Logical Intelligence: Logic and Efficiency
Problem-solving and logical reasoning.
Space Intelligence: The Space Intelligence
Visual field and perspective.
Creative and inventive vision and prospecting. Great attention to detail and aesthetics.
Painters, photographers, designers, advertisers, copy, architects.
Musical intelligence: Preparation, love and dedication to melody
Ability to interpret, compose, devise, propose sounds and sonnets.
Body and kinesthetic intelligence: Movement, pulse, body malleability
Use tools for creating things of various kinds and empowers for free and emotional body expression.
Dancers, surgeons, plastic arts.
Intrapersonal Intelligence: Personal Insight
Ability to reflect on oneself and the environment.
Personal wellbeing-Continuous improvement-self-consciousness.
Natural Intelligence: The Natural Intelligence
Appreciation of nature and use of it for human survival.
Understand and visualize the environment for meaningful social interaction
It’s about refuting the idea that there’s only one kind of intelligence. Gardner broadened the panorama of this idea and understood that the human being has several types of intelligence according to personality, character and identity thus develops one and/or several intelligences in specific.
Characteristics multiple intelligence
Changes the vision related to IQ.
There are eight types of intelligence.
Total physical response
Perform a set of activities physically according to a particular auditory knowledge instruction, then spontaneously and voluntarily repeat the already decoded pattern for learning and constant practice.
Dr. James J Asher
Representative author of total phisycal response method
The lexical approach is a method of teaching foreign languages described by Michael Lewis in the early 1990s
Characteristics total physical response
Focus saying and doing.
Order and obedience.
Action is the most important when you are learning something.
It focuses on the principle of language
Use of combinations to teach the language, vocabulary, grammar rules
Representative author: Cooperative language teaching.
Create motivation, practice the language, responsibility and many skills.
Working in groups, competitive teams, specialized tasks.
Cooperative language teaching
It is specifically about students and their own thoughts.
Collaborative learning is the maximum use of activities.
Objective of the cooperative language teaching
The objective structure is considered the most important to acquire knowledge.
The lessons are replaced so that the classes are dynamic and didactic.
Characteristics content based learning
They are based on a subject-matter core.
They use authentic language and texts.
They are appropriate to the needs of specific groups of students.