Timeline group #2

  • Group members

    Bernal Arcila Alejandra
    Gómez Maria Fernanda
    Moreno Luna Jenniffer
    Solano Vargas Juliana
  • Audio-lingual

    Appears in the 50s, during World War II.
    It was the greatest interest to teach the foreign language.
    It became known for traditional grammar.
  • Harvard B.F. Skinner

    Harvard B.F. Skinner
    Representative author audio-lingual method.
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    Objective of the audio-lingual method

    His objective was to fulfill the oral competence
    This served to develop the cognitive part.
  • Georgi Lozanov

    Georgi Lozanov
    Representative author suggestopedia, was originated in Bulgaria.
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    It was created to learn English as a second language.
    This is a behaviorist method that emphasizes the importance of the student's feelings, the way that you learn depends on if you feel comfortable.
    Suggestive learning.
  • Chomsky's theories

    Chomsky's theories
    Teaching changes in Britain.
    It is contrasted with Chomsky's theories.
    Language integration level and level of needs.
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    Art Of Language

    Focus only on reading and writing.
    Real communication and language change.
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    Characteristics competence based teaching

    Involve multiple measures of assessment to determine competency.
    Demonstrate skills and practices determining competencies.
  • Richard Blander and John Grinder

    Richard Blander and John Grinder
    Representative author: Neurolinguistics programming
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    Neurolinguistic programming approach

    The purpose of this approach is to give tools for people to learn how others achieve success, not only in languages but also in a variety of professions.
    Effective communication and modeling are very important characteristics here.
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    Neurolinguistic programming purpose

    Purpose and spirituality, Identity, beliefs and values, capabilities and skills, behaviors, and environment are facts that change and are important in the learning process.
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    Natural approach

    It is a method for beginners based on observation and interpretation.
    Language is viewed as a vehicle for communicating meaning and messages.
  • Sequential activities task based learning

    Sequential activities task based learning
    The pre-task (the introduction, motivation, and information about it) The task, and the review
    The pre-existing knowledge and the few errors when they do the task are important facts.
  • N. U. Prabhu

    N. U. Prabhu
    Representative author: Task based learning.
    With this method, the learner can improve: Vocabulary, grammar, communication and use them in several and realistic contexts.
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    Task based learning

    This method is based on tasks completion
    The tasks are interesting and relevant and the teachers set it to the learners to complete it
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    Content based learning approach

    One of the most widely spoken languages
    This method is connected with linguistics
  • Howard Gardner

    Howard Gardner
    In the words of Gardner himself: "Every human being has a unique combination of intelligence. This is the fundamental educational challenge".
    Structures of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences
  • Linguistic Intelligence: Communication & Language

    Linguistic Intelligence: Communication & Language
    Ability to use language and its forms of expression for assertive and creative communication.
  • Mathematical Logical Intelligence: Logic and Efficiency

    Mathematical Logical Intelligence: Logic and Efficiency
    Problem-solving and logical reasoning.
  • Space Intelligence: The Space Intelligence

    Space Intelligence: The Space Intelligence
    Visual field and perspective.
    Creative and inventive vision and prospecting. Great attention to detail and aesthetics.
    Painters, photographers, designers, advertisers, copy, architects.
  • Musical intelligence: Preparation, love and dedication to melody

    Musical intelligence: Preparation, love and dedication to melody
    Ability to interpret, compose, devise, propose sounds and sonnets.
  • Body and kinesthetic intelligence: Movement, pulse, body malleability

    Body and kinesthetic intelligence: Movement, pulse, body malleability
    Use tools for creating things of various kinds and empowers for free and emotional body expression.
    Dancers, surgeons, plastic arts.
  • Intrapersonal Intelligence: Personal Insight

    Intrapersonal Intelligence: Personal Insight
    Ability to reflect on oneself and the environment.
    Personal wellbeing-Continuous improvement-self-consciousness.
  • Natural Intelligence: The Natural Intelligence

    Natural Intelligence: The Natural Intelligence
    Appreciation of nature and use of it for human survival.
  • Interpersonal Intelligence: External Interpretation

    Interpersonal Intelligence: External Interpretation
    Understand and visualize the environment for meaningful social interaction
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    Multiple intelligence

    It’s about refuting the idea that there’s only one kind of intelligence. Gardner broadened the panorama of this idea and understood that the human being has several types of intelligence according to personality, character and identity thus develops one and/or several intelligences in specific.
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    Characteristics multiple intelligence

    Changes the vision related to IQ.
    There are eight types of intelligence.
  • Total physical response

    Total physical response
    Perform a set of activities physically according to a particular auditory knowledge instruction, then spontaneously and voluntarily repeat the already decoded pattern for learning and constant practice.
  • Dr. James J Asher

    Dr. James J Asher
    Representative author of total phisycal response method
  • Michael Lewis

    Michael Lewis
    The lexical approach is a method of teaching foreign languages described by Michael Lewis in the early 1990s
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    Characteristics total physical response

    Focus saying and doing.
    Order and obedience.
    Action is the most important when you are learning something.
    Listening comprehension.
    Physically responds.
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    Lexical approach

    It focuses on the principle of language
    Use of combinations to teach the language, vocabulary, grammar rules
  • Salvin

    Representative author: Cooperative language teaching.
  • Salvin method

    Salvin method
    Create motivation, practice the language, responsibility and many skills.
    Working in groups, competitive teams, specialized tasks.
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    Cooperative language teaching

    It is specifically about students and their own thoughts.
    Collaborative learning is the maximum use of activities.
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    Objective of the cooperative language teaching

    The objective structure is considered the most important to acquire knowledge.
    The lessons are replaced so that the classes are dynamic and didactic.
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    Characteristics content based learning

    They are based on a subject-matter core.
    They use authentic language and texts.
    They are appropriate to the needs of specific groups of students.

    -Slideshare. (2012, May 26). Communicate approach. Retrieved from:
    -Slideshare. (2012, 15 of November). Audio-lingual method. Retrieved from:
    -Aswathy, A. (2020, 20 of October) SUGGESTOPEDIA. Retrieved from:

    -Rashtchi, M. (2018) Suggestopedia and Desuggestopedia. Recovered from:
    -Good therapy (2018) Neuro-Linguistic Programming (NLP). Recovered from:
    -Bay Area NLP And Hypnosis (2015, 5 of February) What is NLP & How Does It Work? Neuro Linguistic Programming Basics. Recovered from:

    -Crea8ive Technologies (2018, 16 of february) Neurolinguistic Programming Explainer Video. Recovered from:
    -SciElo, (2018, 11 de octubre). El aprendizaje en la clase de inglés como lengua extranjera. Recovered from:

    -YouTube, (2016, 4 of December). Alternative approaches to language teaching: cooperative language learning: [Video file], recovered from:
    -Bye.u, (s.f). Content-Based Instruction / Content and Language Integrated Learning, recovered from:
    -YouTube. (2019, 6 of May). Content-Based Instruction. [Video file]: Recovered from:

    -Barefoot TEFL Teacher (S.f.) What is Task-Based Learning?. Recovered from: -Chandy, R. (2017) The Origins of TBLT. Recovered from: -Ezequiel, O. (S.f.) English for World Citizens- English Teaching Methods.Recovered from:

    -Lowe, C. (2013) A Brief History of Language Teaching. Recovered from:
    -Mkonongwa,L. (S.F.)Competency-based teaching and learning approach towards quality education Recovered from: