History of Instructional Design and Technology

By blairan
  • Period: to

    Histoy of Instructional Design and Technology

  • First School Museum opened in St. Louis

    First School Museum opened in St. Louis
    During this time period most educators thought of instructional media as a supplementary way of presenting information. Mostly visual media materials in the museums. (Robert A. Reiser & John V. Dempsey, (2012). Chapter 3: A History of Instructional Design and Technology. In Pearson Education, Inc., (Eds.), Trends and Issues in Instructional Design and Technology (pp.17-34). Boston, MA: Pearson Education, Inc.)
  • 1910: U.S. First catalog of instructional films published.

    Rochester Public School system because first to use films regularly as instructional tool.
  • 1920-1930: Audiovisual Instruction Movement

    Advances in technology like radio broadcasting, sound recordings and sound motion pictures increaded interest in instructional media. Movement continued to grow in spite of bad economic cliimate of the Great Depression, which began in 1929. (pp18)
  • 1920-1930: Radio is a medium that is in the spotlight but never really takes off.

  • 1929: The Great Depression

  • 1937: Textbook Visualizing the Curriculum by Charles F. Hoban, Sr., Charles F. Hoban, Jr., and Stanley B. Zissman was published

    A very important textbook in the field was published. According to Reiser "the authors stated that the value of audiovisual material was a function of their degree of realism." (pp19).
  • 1953: Theories of Communication are developed

    Theories emerged that the process of transmitting information was more important than the method with which it was passed. (pp 19)
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    1939-1945: WWII- new audiovisual devises are used

    New devices were used during WWII, including overhead projectors, slide projectors, audio equipment, and simulators and training devices. (pp19)
  • 1939-1945 World War II

    War slowed down progression of audiovisual use in schools but spurred extensive use in the military for military training videos. (pp19)
  • 1941: Federal government establishes Division of Visual Aids for War Training

    "From 1941 to1945, this organization oversaw the production of 457 training films." (pp19)
  • 1946: Edgar Dale develops "Cone of Experience."

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    1950-1960: Television spurs increased interest

    Big increase in the use of instructional television during the 1950s. This growth was caused by two major factors: 1) creation of education television channels/ Public TV stations 2) Ford Foundation funding
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    1950s: IBM develops first Computer Assisted Instruction (CAI) programs used in public schools

    The start of computer assisted instruction, mainly at IMB comany, but CAI didn't really become significantly until the 1980s when the personal computer became much more common and use in schools increased to around 40%. (pp20).
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    1960s: Instructional Design models started to surface

    Models for developing systematic instructional materials started to be developed. (pp25)
  • 1963: First definition of educational technology was published (p2)

    The first definition to be approved by the major professional organization within the field of educational technology was published.
  • 1970's: "Journal of Instructional Development" was first published (pp26)

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    1970's: Instructional Design models still on the rise!

    New models and standards in the field of Instructional Design were developed. (pp25)
  • 1977- Association for Educational Community and Technology definition of Instructional Technology (pp2)

    AECT publishes definition of Instructional Design.
  • 1980s: Computers were used in the instructional design process (pp26)

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    1980's: Field continues to grow and starts to feel influence of cognitive psychology. (pp26)

  • 1980s: CAI became more common

    "By January 1983, computers were being used for instructional purposes in more than 40 percent of all elementary schools and more than 75 percent of all secondary schools in the United States." (pp20)
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    1990-2015: Increase in evaluation of effectiveness of training methodologies

    The idea that there could be more standard formats to render teaching and training more effective become more common and makes the need for instructional design and designers grow. Training is used in many aspects of business, government, and military in addition to schools. Online learning and Internet make training and education more accessible and create a need for course development.
  • 1993: Lebow Proposes 5 Principles toward a new mindset of ID

    Lebow Proposes 5 Principles toward a new mindset as constructivist values might influence instructional design (Woolfolk Hoy, 2016)
  • 1994- Shift from behavioral learning to cognitive and constructivist theories (pp3)

  • 1994: Definition of the field evolves and is no longer described as process oriented (pp3)

    The goal of ID is the improvement of learning and the instruction is a means to reach the goal.
  • mid-1990s: Impact of CAI had still been small

    Computers were more common in schools but were not used often.
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    2000--present- Increase in use of technology across training and educational settings

    "During the past ten years, rapid advances in computers and other digital technology, inlcuding the Internet, have led to a rapidly increasing interest in, and use of, these media for instructional purposes." (pp 21)
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    2005-2015 Increase in online learning and use of technology in public schools (pp21)

  • 2008: AECT committee comes up with a new definition of ID&T (pp1-4)

    Defined as the study and ethical practice of facilitating learning and improving performance by creating, using, and managing appropriate technological processes and resources. (pp1)
  • 2010: Survey tells that more than half of college faculty use social media for instructional purposes (pp21)

    Instructional technology is used much more in higher education in the past decade. (pp21)
  • 2015: Technology is very prevalent and is used in a more interactive way

    Newer medias allow for interactive teaching and variety and are used much more in current classrooms and training environments for both children and adults. (p22-23)
  • 1975: U.S. Military adopts instructional design model

    (Branson et al., 1975, Reiser pp26)
  • 1990s: Emphasis on real-world teaching and learning effect the ID process

    pp26
  • 2000s: Internet and e-learning become prevalent create jobs for instructional Designers

    Knowledge bases and social media use greatly increases and is reported to assist with learning and job performace. The need for instructional designers to develop effective online instruction programs opens up new opportunities for instructional designers. pp27