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History of Educational Technology

  • 30,000 BCE

    Paintings of Cave Walls

    Paintings of Cave Walls
    Cave paintings are a type of parietal art, found on the wall or ceilings of caves.
  • 700 BCE

    Use of Chiseled Stone

    Use of Chiseled Stone
    According to the Bible, Moses used chiseled stone to convey the ten commandments in a form of writing, probably around the 7th century BC.
  • 510 BCE

    Phytagoras Academy

    Phytagoras Academy
    Phytagoras Academy was the first formal education academy.
  • 105

    Paper made in China

    Paper made in China
    In 105 CE, a court eunuch named Ts'ai Lun delivered the newly invented paper to Emperor Hedi of the Eastern Han Dynasty, according to ancient Chinese historical records.
  • 382

    Manuscript Transcription

    Manuscript Transcription
    When manuscript transcription began, books began to be written.
    Every book was handwritten.
    Scroles were far more difficult to use than books.
  • 1200

    Slate Boards

    Slate Boards
    Slate boards were in use in India in the 12th century AD.
  • 1450

    Gutenberg Printing Press

    Gutenberg Printing Press
    A set of characters could be cast in brass, according to Gutenberg.
    These characters would be long-lasting and simple to create.
    They could be reused and changed to create an infinite number of different pages.
    He also came up with the notion of inking them with a rolling mechanism, allowing the page settings to be inked and ready in seconds.
  • 1500

    The Invention of the Printing Press in Europe

    The Invention of the Printing Press in Europe
    The invention of the printing press in Europe in the 15th century was a truly disruptive technology, making written knowledge much more freely available, very much in the same way as the Internet has done today.
  • Public Education

    Public Education
    In the 1600s, Congregationalist and Puritan Christian institutions established the American educational system.
  • Blackboards/Chalkboards

    Blackboards/chalkboards became used in schools around the turn of the 18th century.
  • Telephone System

    Telephone System
    Although the telephone dates from the late 1870s, the standard telephone system never became a major educational tool.
  • Audiovisual Age

    Audiovisual Age
    Teachers would employ audiovisual gadgets like as projectors and their audio at this instructional era.
  • British Broadcasting Corporation

    British Broadcasting Corporation
    The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) began broadcasting educational radio programs for schools in the 1920s.
  • Teaching Machines

    Teaching Machines
    Skinner started experimenting with teaching machines that made use of programmed learning in 1954.
  • Information Age

    Information Age
    The modern age regarded as a time in which information has become a commodity that is quickly and widely disseminated and easily available especially through the use of computer technology.
  • Use of Television for Education

    Use of Television for Education
    Television was first used in education in the 1960s, for schools and for general adult education.
  • First Hand-Held Calculators

    First Hand-Held Calculators
    A study of the Featured Desktop Electronic Calculators section shows that through the 1960s large numbers of electronics components were required in a calculator. So electronic calculators were then very large, consumed a lot of power, and only AC-powered desktop models were available.
  • Developing University Programs

    Developing University Programs
    In 1969, the British government established the Open University (OU), which worked in partnership with the BBC to develop university programs open to all, using a combination originally of printed materials specially.
  • Audio Conference

    Audio Conference
    Audio-conferencing has been used to supplement other media since the 1970s.
  • Use of Print for Teaching

    Use of Print for Teaching
    In the 1970s, the Open University transformed the use of print for teaching through specially designed, highly illustrated printed course units that integrated learning activities with the print medium, based on advanced instructional design.
  • Computer Assisted Instruction System

    Computer Assisted Instruction System
    PLATO was a generalized computer assisted instruction system originally developed at the University of Illinois, and, by the late 1970s, comprised several thousand terminals worldwide on nearly a dozen different networked mainframe computers.
  • Laptop

    The history of laptops describes the efforts, begun in the 1970s, to build small, portable personal computers that combine the components, inputs, outputs and capabilities of a desktop computer in a small chassis.
  • Videoconference

    Videoconferencing using dedicated cable systems and dedicated conferencing rooms have been in use since the 1980s.
  • DVD, Video Cassette

    DVD, Video Cassette
    Use of DVD and Video Cassette
  • Satellite Broadcasting

    Satellite Broadcasting
    Satellite broadcasting started to become available in the 1980s, and similar hopes were expressed of delivering ‘university lectures from the world’s leading universities to the world’s starving masses’, but these hopes too quickly faded for similar reasons.
  • Computer Age

    Computer Age
    In 1990, Tim Berners Lee, in collaboration with Robert Cailliau at CERN, proposed a "hypertext" system (HTML). This means the first launch of the World Wide Web, as we know it today.
  • Electronic Projectors and Presentational Software

    Electronic Projectors and Presentational Software
    At the end of World War Two the U.S. Army started using overhead projectors for training, and their use became common for lecturing, until being largely replaced by electronic projectors and presentational software such as Powerpoint around 1990.
  • Highspeed Internet Access

    Highspeed Internet Access
    In the 1990s the cost of creating and distributing video dropped dramatically due to digital compression and highspeed Internet access.
  • Web-Based Learning Managment

    Web-Based Learning Managment
    With the development of web-based learning management systems in the mid-1990s, textual communication, although digitized, became, at least for a brief time, the main communication medium for Internet-based learning, although lecture capture is now changing that.
  • World Wide Web

    World Wide Web
    The Word Wide Web was formally launched in 1991
  • First Web Browser

    First Web Browser
    The first web browser, Mosaic, was made available in 1993.
  • Digital Age

    Digital Age
    This is generally alluded to as the Information Age, a memorable period in the 21st century portrayed by the fast shift from customary industry that the Industrial Revolution brought through industrialization, to an economy dependent on data innovation.
  • Google

    Google created in 1999, emerging as one of the primary search engines.
  • Interactive Age

    Interactive Age
    The interactive age has brought a worldwide opening overall culture, it further develops homerooms method of learning. Educators can aproach their understudies in various ways that can incorporate colaboration from various individuals all throughout the planet.
  • Wikipedia

    2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2001st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 1st year of the 3rd millennium and the 21st century, and the 2nd year of the 2000s decade.
  • Youtube

    YouTube started in 2005 and was bought by Google in 2006. YouTube is increasingly being used for short educational clips that can be downloaded and integrated into online courses
  • Apple iTunesU

    Apple iTunesU
    Apple Inc. in 2007 created iTunesU to became a portal or a site where videos and other digital materials on university teaching could be collected and downloaded free of charge by end users.
  • Recording and Streaming Classroom Lectures

    Recording and Streaming Classroom Lectures
    Recording and streaming classroom lectures in 2008.
  • MOOC

    In 2012, two Stanford University professors launched a lecture-capture based MOOC on artificial intelligence, attracting more than 100,000 students, and since then MOOCs have expanded rapidly around the world.
  • EdTech

    As of 2019, e-learning has been replaced by the word "digital learning" or sometimes edTech.