The History of the Internet

  • Development of Eectronic Computers

    Development of Eectronic Computers
    WAN (Wide Area Networking) originated in several computer science laboratories in the United Kingdom, the United States and France.
  • Development of the ARPANET

    Development of the ARPANET
    The Advanced Research Projects Agency Network also known As ARPANET was directed by Robert Taylor and managed by Lawrence Roberts.
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    Packet switching networks were developed

    Packet switching networks such as ARPANET, the NPL network, Tymnet, Merit Network, CYCLADES, and Telenet were developed
  • Packet switching was demonstrated

    Packet switching was demonstrated
    Donald Davis demonstrated packet switching at the National Physics Laboratory in the UK, which then became a testbed for UK research for about two decades.
  • Development of protocols for internetworking

    Development of protocols for internetworking
    The ARPANET project led to the development of protocols for internetworking, in which multiple separate networks could be joined into a network of networks.
  • First Message Sent

    First Message Sent
    The first message was sent over the ARPANET from computer science professor Leonard Kleinrock's laboratory at University of California in Los Angeles to the second network node at Stanford Research Institute.
  • First message sent over the internet

    First message sent over the internet
    UCLA student Charley Kline attempts to transmit the text “login” to a computer at the Stanford Research Institute over the first link on the ARPANET, which was the precursor to the modern Internet. After the letters “l” and “o” are sent the system crashed, making the first message ever sent on the Internet “lo”.
  • Internet Protocol suite was developed

    Internet Protocol suite was developed
    Robert E. Kahn and Vint Cerif developed the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) which then became the standard networking protocol on the ARPANET, incorporating concepts from the French CYCLADES project directed by Louis Pouzin.
  • First email sent

    First email sent
    Sent by computer engineer Ray Tomlinson in 1971, the email was simply a test message to himself. The email was sent from one computer to another computer sitting right beside it in Cambridge, Massachusetts, but it traveled via ARPANET
  • Creation of Apple

    Creation of Apple
    Apple was founded by Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, and Ronald Wayne in April 1976 to develop and sell Wozniak's Apple 1 personal computer. It was incorporated as Apple Computer, Inc. it is an American multinational techn.ology company headquartered in Cupertino, California, that designs, develops, and sells consumer electronics, computer software, and online services. It is considered one of the Big Four of technology
  • Commercial Internet Service Providers

    Commercial Internet service providers (ISPs) began to emerge in the very late 1980s.
  • World Wide Web

    World Wide Web
    Research at CERN in Switzerland by British computer scientist Tim Berners-Lee resulted in the World Wide Web, linking hypertext documents into an information system, accessible from any node on the network.
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    National supercomputing centres

    The NSF funded the establishment for national supercomputing centers at several universities in the early 1980's. Interconnectivity was provided in 1986
  • NSFNET project was provided

    NSFNET project was provided
    The NSFNET project was provided which created network access to the supercomputer sites in the US from research and education organizations.
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    private connections emerged

    Limited private connections to parts of the Internet by officially commercial entities emerged in several American cities by late 1989 and 1990
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    Internet's impact on our culture

    Since the mid-1990s, the Internet has had a revolutionary impact on culture, commerce, and technology, including the rise of near-instant communication by electronic mail, instant messaging, voice over Internet Protocol telephone calls, two-way interactive video calls, and the World Wide Web with its discussion forums, blogs, social networking, and online shopping sites.
  • The first web page

    The first web page
    The first web page went live on August 6, 1991. It was dedicated to information on the World Wide Web project and was made by Tim Berners-Lee. It ran on a NeXT computer at the European Organization for Nuclear Research, CERN. The first web page address was http://info.cern.ch/hypertext/WWW/TheProject.html.
  • First Blog created

    First Blog created
    Links.net, created by Justin Hall, while he was a Swarthmore College student in 1994. At that time they weren't called blogs, and he just referred to it as his personal homepage. It wasn't until 1997 that the term “weblog” was coined.
  • First online shopping site

    First online shopping site
    The first secure retail transaction over the Web was either by NetMarket or Internet Shopping Network in 1994.
  • Creation of Amazon

    Creation of Amazon
    Amazon.com was founded by Jeff Bezos on July 5, 1994, and started as an online bookstore but later diversified to sell video downloads/streaming, MP3 downloads/streaming, audiobook downloads/streaming, software, video games, electronics, apparel, furniture, food, toys, and jewelry.
  • Creation of Yahoo!

    Creation of Yahoo!
    Yahoo! is a web services provider headquartered in Sunnyvale, California and owned by Verizon Media. The original Yahoo! company was founded by Jerry Yang and David Filo in January 1994 and was incorporated on March 2, 1995.Yahoo was one of the pioneers of the early Internet era in the 1990s.
  • Creation of Internet Explorer

    Creation of Internet Explorer
    Internet Explorer is a series of graphical web browsers developed by Microsoft and included in the Microsoft Windows line of operating systems, starting in 1995.
  • The first social media

    The first social media
    The first recognizable social media site, Six Degrees, was created in 1997. It enabled users to upload a profile and make friends with other users. In 1999, the first blogging sites became popular, creating a social media sensation.
  • Google was created

    Google was created
    Google was founded in 1998 by Larry Page and Sergey Brin while they were Ph.D. students at Stanford University in California. Together they own about 14 percent of its shares and control 56 percent of the stockholder voting power through supervoting stock.
  • Creation of Firefox

    Creation of Firefox
    Mozilla Firefox was created by Dave Hyatt and Blake Ross as an experimental branch of the Mozilla browser. Firefox 1.0 was released on November 9, 2004, Firefox 1.5 was released on November 29, 2005, and version 2.0 was released on October 24, 2006.