History of Internet

By keshini
  • Electronic Digital Computer (Hardware Developments)

    Electronic Digital Computer (Hardware Developments)
    Credit: John Vincent Atanasodd and Clifford Berry
    Idea: First electronic digital computer
    Importance: Computers would become the basic nodes of the future internet
  • Period: to

    Internet Developments Time Span

  • FORTRAN (Software Developments)

    FORTRAN (Software Developments)
    Inventor: John Backus and team
    Event: Development of Fortran
    Importance: First high-level computer language
  • Communication Satellite (Hardware Developments)

    Communication Satellite (Hardware Developments)
    Credit: Echo in use
    Idea: First communication satellite launched
    Importance: International Communications became faster and more accessible
  • Packet Switching Networks (Important Ideas)

    Packet Switching Networks (Important Ideas)
    Credit: Leonard Kleinrock
    Idea: Packet Switching Networks
    Importance: Messages could be divided into packets and sent over many different routes to their destination before being rejoined.
  • Modem (Hardware Developments)

    Modem (Hardware Developments)
    Credit: Bell 103 Modem
    Idea: First Commercial Modem
    Importance: Dial-up connections made possible
  • WAN (Hardware Developments)

    Credit: Thomas Marill and Lawrence Roberts
    Idea: Set up of the first Wide Area Network
    Importance: Connecting computers between remote sites was a vital step to development of a true internet
  • Hypertext (Important Ideas)

    Hypertext (Important Ideas)
    Credit: Ted Nelson

    Idea: Hypertext
    Importance: Text could be used to link to other text
  • ARPANET (Hardware Developments)

    ARPANET (Hardware Developments)
    Credit: Bob Taylor
    Event: First steps taken to set up ARPANET (Advanced Research Projects Agency Network)
    Importance: US universities linked to exchange information
  • ASCII (Development in Protocol)

    ASCII (Development in Protocol)
    Event: First full version of the American Standard Code for Information Interchange published.
    Importance: A standard data code that can be understood by all machines
  • WAN (Hardware Developments)

    WAN (Hardware Developments)
    Credit: British National research Lab
    Event: First WAN to use packet switching
    Importance: More efficient use of network links is made possible
  • NCP (Development in Protocol)

    NCP (Development in Protocol)
    Inventor: Steve Crocker and Network Working Group
    Event: First use of the Network Control Protocol
    Importance: Standard rules to link computers
  • FTP (Development in Protocol)

    FTP (Development in Protocol)
    Event: File Transfer Protocol
    Importance: Standard rules to transfer files
  • EMAIL Software (Software Developments)

    EMAIL Software (Software Developments)
    Inventor: Ray Tomlinson
    Event: First email software
    Importance: the beginning of message communication
  • TCP (Development in Protocol)

    TCP (Development in Protocol)
    Inventor: Vint Cerf and Bob Kahn
    Event: Introduction of Transmission Control Protocol
    Importance: Rules to control file movement on the internet set standards allowing easy communication
  • Gateway Packet Switching (Hardware Developments)

    Credit: Vint Cerf, Bob Kahn etc.
    Event: First widespread use of gateway packet switching technology
    Importance: Computers of different types could now “talk” to each other
  • Cray Supercomputer (Hardware Developments)

    Cray Supercomputer (Hardware Developments)
    Change: First Cray supercomputer developed
    Event: 8MB memory 160 megaflops speed $8.8 million price
    Importance: Concept of servers required the idea of a major central computer able to handle the traffic
  • TCP and IP (Development in Protocol)

    TCP and IP (Development in Protocol)
    Inventor: Vint Cerf, Steve Crocker and Danny Cohen
    Event: Transmission Control Protocol divided into TCP (error handling and data) and IP (routing)
    Importance: More complex transfers are possible
  • MUD (Software Developments)

    MUD (Software Developments)
    Inventor: Richard Bartle and Roy Trubshaw
    Event: First Multi user domain
    Importance: People of similar interest able to confer electronically
  • Hypertext Database (Important Ideas)

    Hypertext Database (Important Ideas)
    Credit: Ted Nelson
    Idea: Hypertext database
    Importance: Linked data could be made accessible through queries
  • Internet Relay Chat (Software Developments)

    Internet Relay Chat (Software Developments)
    Inventor: Jarkko Oikarinen
    Event: Internet Relay Chat written
    Importance: Chat sessions now possible
  • DNS server (Hardware Developments)

    DNS server (Hardware Developments)
    Credit: Paul Mockapetris
    Event: DNS server (Jeeves)
    Importance: Servers now able to handle domain names instead of IP addresses
  • ARPANET (Hardware Developments)

    ARPANET (Hardware Developments)
    Change: ARPANET split
    Event: Military and civilian sectors
    Importance: First commercial Internet possible (took until 1991 to remove military restrictions)
  • Internet Security (Development in Protocol)

    Internet Security (Development in Protocol)
    Inventor: Jeff Case, Mark Fedor, Martin Schoffstall and James Davin
    Event: Demonstration of need for internet security- Simple Gateway Monitoring Protocol
    Importance: Exapnsion of the internet makes security a priority
  • Country Link (Hardware Developments)

    Country Link (Hardware Developments)
    Change: Fiber optic transatlantic link in use
    Event: Europe to North America link
    Importance: Fast, rapid digital data transfer established
  • WWW (Improtant Ideas)

    WWW (Improtant Ideas)
    Credit: Tim Berners-Lee
    Idea: World Wide Web

    Importance: Suggested a graphical internet that would be easier to use
  • ARPANET (Hardware Developments)

    ARPANET (Hardware Developments)
    Change: ARPANET ends
    Event: Cease operation
    Importance: End of the ‘old’ internet concepts
  • WWW (Software Developments)

    WWW (Software Developments)
    Inventor: Time Berners-Lee
    Event: First WWW software
    Importance: Graphical internet makes it more user-friendly
  • Archie (Software Developments)

    Inventor: Peter Deutsch, Alan Emtage and Bill Heelan
    Event: Archie released
    Importance: Concept of a search engine begins
  • Java Programming Language (Software Developments)

    Java Programming Language (Software Developments)
    Inventor: Jim Gosling
    Event: Java programming language
    Importance: A language understood by computer of many different types
  • Surfing the Net (Important ideas)

    Surfing the Net (Important ideas)
    Credit: Jean Armour Polly
    Idea: Surfing the net
    Importance: Provided a term to explain how users could brows in the internet environment
  • Mosaic Search Engine (Software Developments)

    Mosaic Search Engine (Software Developments)
    Inventor: March Adreessen
    Event: Mosaic search engine
    Importance: A popular search engine for the WWW
  • Netscape (Software Developments)

    Netscape (Software Developments)
    Inventor: Mosaic Corporation
    Event: First version of Netscape released
    Importance: Free web browser