USSR Launched Sputnik, the first artifical satelite
A program that heavily influenced Linux and FreeBSN.
Arpanet was the first real internet to run on packet switching technology. + computers at Stanfor and UCLA connected and where the first hosts on what would've become the internet.
Ray Tomlinson first developed an "email" and decided to separate the user name rom the computer name with "@"
the start to a project called "project gutenberg". this includes transfering books into the internet electronically. this then led to the creation of "ebook
France started its own "aparnet-like" project called Cyclades. later on it was shutdown. although this sparked a key idea: the host compute should be responsible for data transmission rather than the network itself
Arpanet is now able to access networks overseas by making its first trans-atlantic connetion with the uni-college of london.
The Beginning of TCP/IP
a proposal was puclished a link Arpa-like networks together into a so-called "inter-network", which would have no central control and would work around a transmission control protocol. (which eventually became TCP/IP)
The email client
the first modern email program was developed by John Vittal. the biggest technological advance this rpogram (called MSG) made was the addition of "REPLY" and "forward" functionality.
The PC Modem
The first PC modem was created by Dennis Hyles and Dale Heatheringtion
The First bulletin board system was developed in Chicago
Spam is Born!
The first "unsolicited commercial email message" (later known as spam), sent ourt to 600 california Arpanet users byGary Thuerk.
The earliest form of multiplayer game
The precursor to "world of warcraft" and "Second life" was deceloped and was called MUD (multiuser dungeon). MUDs were entirely "text-beased birtual worlds", combining elements of role-playing games, interactive, fiction and "online chat"
created by two graduate students. usenet is an internet-based discussion system
An early Software project. It was created for Scientists to be able to keep track of different thinks.
The First Emoticon
proposed using :-) after a joke
Arpanet Computers switch over to TCP/IP
there was a deadline in which aparnet computers needed to switch over to TCP/IP protocols developed by Vinton Cerf.a few 100 computers were affected by the switch. the name sever was also developed in '83.
Domain Name System
made adresses on the internet more human-friendly compared to its numerical IP adress counterparts.
the 'WELL'. One of the oldest virtual communites still in operation
a so callled protocols war began between Amrica and Europe, Open Systems Onterconnection (OSI) and Internet/Arpanet protocol. The Amricans won eventually.
The internet grows
30,000 hosts on the internet
Internet Relay Chat
IRC (internet relay chat) was first deployed, paving the way for "real time" chat the instant messaging programs we use today
First Major Malicious Internet-based Attack
one of the first major internet worms was released. Referred to as "The Morris Worm", it was written by Robert Tappan Morris and caused "major interruptions" across large parts of the internet
AOL is Lauched
when Apple out of the AppleLink program the project was renamed and America Online was born. AOL, still in existence today, later on mande the internet "popular amongst the average internet users.
The Proposal for the World Wide Web
The proposal for the World Wide Web was written by Tim Berners-Lee. It was written to persuade CERN that a global hypertext system was in CERN’s best interest
First commercial dial-up ISP
rought about the first commercial dial-up Internet provider, The World. The same year, Arpanet ceased to exist.
World Wide Web protocols finished
The code for the World Wide Web was written by Tim Berners-Lee, based on his proposal from the year before, along with the standards for HTML, HTTP, and URLs.
The first webcam
First web page created
1991 brought some major innovations to the world of the Internet. The first web page was created and, much like the first email explained what email was, its purpose was to explain what the World Wide Web was.
First content-based search protocol
Also in the same year, the first search protocol that examined file contents instead of just file names was launched, called Gopher.
Goverments join on to the fun
making the beginning of the .gov and .org domain names
Netscape, making it safer to conduct financial transactions (like credit card payments) online
First web-based webmail service
Hotmail the first webmail service, as launched
Internet-basedfile-sharing gets its roots
Napster launched, opening up the gates to mainstream file-streaming of audio files ober the internet.
The project has created the equivalent of a giant supercomputer by harnessing the computing power of more than 3 million computers worldwide, using their processors whenever the screensaver comes on, indicating that the computer is idle.
The bubble bursts
Huge losses for legions of investors.
Wikipedia is launched
Wikipedia launched in 2001, one of the websites that paved the way for collective web content generation/social media
VoIP goes mainstream
Skype is released to the pubic, given a user-friendly interface to Voice ober IP calling.
myspace opens up its doors. it later grew to be the most popular social network at one time.
VoIP goes mainstream
Skype is released to the public, giving a user-friendly interface to Voice over IP calling.
MySpace becomes the most popular social network
MySpace opens up its doors. It later grew to be the most popular social network at one time.
CAN-SPAM Act puts a lid on unsolicited emails
The signing of the Controlling the Assault of Non-Solicited Pornography and Marketing Act of 2003, better known as the CAN-SPAM Act
Highly interactive and user-driven became popular around 2004.
Social Media and Digg
The term "social media", believed to be first used by Chris Sharpley, was coined in the same year that "Web 2.0" became a mainstream concept.
YouTube launched in 2005, bringing free online video hosting and sharing to the masses.
Twitter launched in 2006. It was originally going to be called twittr (inspired by Flickr); the first Twitter message was "just setting up my twttr".
Major move to place TV shows online
Hulu was first launched in 2007, a joint venture between ABC, NBC, and Fox to make popular TV shows available to watch online.
The iPhone and the Mobile Web
The biggest innovation of 2007 was almost certainly the iPhone, which was almost wholly responsible for renewed interest in mobile web applications and design.
The first "Internet election" took place in 2008 with the U.S.
ICANN policy changes
the U.S. relaxed its control over ICANN, the official naming body of the Internet
"The" Facebook open to college students
Facebook launched in 2004, though at the time it was only open to college students and was called "The Facebook".