The Internet

  • the creation of a wireless communications system

    the creation of a wireless communications system
    ARPA (advanced research projects agency) creates an online server connecting four major U.S. universities. designed for researcch and education services, it was created in case of a military attack that destroyed convention means of communication, such as phonelines.
  • the beginning of E-mails

    the  beginning of E-mails
    in 1972, ray tomlinson created emails- a convenient and free way to communicate. he used the @ to distinguish between the sender's name at network address.
  • TCP/IP

    Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) is designed and in 1983 it becomes the standard for communicating between computers over the Internet. One of these protocols, FTP (File Transfer Protocol), allows users to log onto a remote computer, list the files on that computer, and download files from that computer.
  • email popularity

    email popularity
    presidential candidate jimmy carter uses emails to plan campaign events.
    Queen Elizibeth II sends her first email, and is the first state/country leader to do so.
  • the word 'internet'

    the word 'internet'
    the word 'internet' is first used to describe the world wide web.
  • domain name system

    domain name system
    Domain Name System (DNS) is established, with network addresses identified by extensions such as .com, .org, and .edu.Writer William Gibson coins the term “cyberspace.”
  • AOL-America online

    AOL-America online
    Quantum Computer Services, which later changes its name to America Online, debuts. It offers email, electronic bulletin boards, news, and other information.
  • the 'internet worm'

    the 'internet worm'
    a virus called the Internet Worm temporarily shuts down about 10% of the world's Internet servers.
  • dial-up internet access

    dial-up internet access
    The World (world.std.com) debuts as the first provider of dial-up Internet access for consumers.
  • indexing the internet

    indexing the internet
    The first effort to index the Internet is created by Peter Deutsch at McGill University in Montreal, who devises Archie, an archive of FTP (file transfer protocol) sites.
  • gopher

    Gopher, which provides point-and-click navigation, is created at the University of Minnesota and named after the school mascot. Gopher becomes the most popular interface for several years.Another indexing system, WAIS (Wide Area Information Server), is developed by Brewster Kahle of Thinking Machines Corp.
  • mosaic

    Mosaic is developed by marc andreeson at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA). It becomes the dominant navigating system for the World Wide Web, which at this time accounts for merely 1% of all Internet traffic.
  • whitehouse website

    whitehouse website
    The White House launches its website, www.whitehouse.gov.
  • internet development

    internet development
    CompuServe, AOL, and Prodigy start providing dial-up Internet access.Sun Microsystems releases the Internet programming language called Java.The Vatican launches its own website, www.vatican.va.
  • internet popularity.

    internet popularity.
    Approximately 45 million people are using the Internet, with roughly 30 million of those in North America (United States and Canada), 9 million in Europe, and 6 million in Asia/Pacific (Australia, Japan, etc.). 43.2 million (44%) U.S. households own a personal computer, and 14 million of them are online.
  • internet traffic

    internet traffic
    .On July 8, 1997, Internet traffic records are broken as the NASA website broadcasts images taken by Pathfinder on Mars. The broadcast generates 46 million hits in one day.The term “weblog” is coined. It’s later shortened to “blog.”
  • google

    google opens its first office in california.
  • napster, e-commence and myspace

    napster, e-commence and myspace
    College student Shawn Fanning invents Napster, a computer application that allows users to swap music over the Internet.
    The number of Internet users worldwide reaches 150 million by the beginning of 1999. More than 50% are from the United States.
    “E-commerce” becomes the new buzzword as Internet shopping rapidly spreads.MySpace.com is launched.
  • viruses and .com shutdowns

    viruses and .com shutdowns
    To the chagrin of the Internet population, deviant computer programmers begin designing and circulating viruses with greater frequency. “Love Bug” and “Stages” are two examples of self-replicating viruses that send themselves to people listed in a computer user's email address book. The heavy volume of email messages being sent and received forces many infected companies to temporarily shut down their clogged networks.
  • napsters downfall and wikipedia

    napsters downfall and wikipedia
    Napster is dealt a potentially fatal blow when the 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals in San Francisco rules that the company is violating copyright laws and orders it to stop distributing copyrighted music. The file-swapping company says it is developing a subscription-based service.
    About 9.8 billion electronic messages are sent daily.Wikipedia is created.
  • lots of users and the death of napster

    lots of users and the death of napster
    As of January, 58.5% of the U.S. population (164.14 million people) uses the Internet. Worldwide there are 544.2 million users.
    The death knell tolls for Napster after a bankruptcy judge ruled in September that German media giant Bertelsmann cannot buy the assets of troubled Napster Inc. The ruling prompts Konrad Hilbers, Napster CEO, to resign.
  • illegal music

    illegal music
    It's estimated that Internet users illegally download about 2.6 billion music files each month.
    Spam, unsolicited email, becomes a server-clogging menace. It accounts for about half of all emails..Apple Computer introduces Apple iTunes Music Store, which allows people to download songs for 99 cents each.
  • mydoom/novarg

    Internet Worm, called MyDoom or Novarg, spreads through Internet servers. About 1 in 12 email messages are infected.
  • youtube!

    youtube, the worlds biggest video sharing site, is launched.
  • websites everywhere

    websites everywhere
    There are more than 92 million websites online.
  • music, tickets, and world of warcraft

    music, tickets, and world of warcraft
    Legal online music downloads triple to 6.7 million downloads per week.Colorado Rockies' computer system crashes when it receives 8.5 million hits within the first 90 minutes of World Series ticket sales.The online game, World of Warcraft, hits a milestone when it surpasses 9 million subscribers worldwide in July.