The internet

The Timeline Of The Internet

By hpratt
  • 1969: ARPA (Advanced Research Projects Agency)

    1969: ARPA (Advanced Research Projects Agency)
    ARPA (Advanced Research Projects Agency) goes online in December, connecting four major U.S. universities. Designed for research, education, and government organisations, it provides a communications network linking the country in the event that a military attack destroys conventional communications systems.
  • 1972: Electronic Mail

    1972: Electronic Mail
    Electronic mail is introduced by Ray Tomlinson, a Cambridge, Mass., computer scientist. He uses the @ to distinguish between the sender's name and network name in the email address.
  • 1973: Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP)

    1973: Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP)
    Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) is designed and in 1983 it becomes the standard for communicating between computers over the Internet. One of these protocols, FTP (File Transfer Protocol), allows users to log onto a remote computer, list the files on that computer, and download files from that computer.
  • 1976: Queen Elizabeth sends her first email!

    1976: Queen Elizabeth sends her first email!
    Presidential candidate Jimmy Carter and running mate Walter Mondale use email to plan campaign events.
    Queen Elizabeth sends her first email. She's the first state leader to do so.
  • 1982: 'Internet' is used

    1982: 'Internet' is used
    The word “Internet“ is used for the first time!
  • 1984: Domain Name System (DNS) is established

    1984: Domain Name System (DNS) is established
    Domain Name System (DNS) is established, with network addresses identified by extensions such as .com, .org, and .edu.
    Writer William Gibson coins the term “cyberspace.“
  • 1985: Quantum Computer Services

    1985: Quantum Computer Services
    Quantum Computer Services, which later changes its name to America Online, debuts. It offers email, electronic bulletin boards, news, and other information.
  • 1988: Virus!

    1988: Virus!
    A virus called the Internet Worm temporarily shuts down about 10% of the world's Internet servers.
  • 1989: The World ( debuts

    1989: The World ( debuts
    The World ( debuts as the first provider of dial-up Internet access for consumers.
    Tim Berners-Lee of CERN (European Laboratory for Particle Physics) develops a new technique for distributing information on the Internet. He calls it the World Wide Web. The Web is based on hypertext, which permits the user to connect from one document to another at different sites on the Internet via hyperlinks (specially programmed words, phrases, buttons, or graphics).
  • 1990: The first effort to index the Internet

    1990: The first effort to index the Internet
    The first effort to index the Internet is created by Peter Deutsch at McGill University in Montreal, who devises Archie, an archive of FTP sites.
  • 1991: Gopher is created at the University of Minnesota

    1991: Gopher is created at the University of Minnesota
    Gopher, which provides point-and-click navigation, is created at the University of Minnesota and named after the school mascot. Gopher becomes the most popular interface for several years.
    Another indexing system, WAIS (Wide Area Information Server), is developed by Brewster Kahle of Thinking Machines Corp.
  • 1993: Mosaic

    1993: Mosaic
    Mosaic is developed by Marc Andreeson at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA). It becomes the dominant navigating system for the World Wide Web, which at this time accounts for merely 1% of all Internet traffic.
  • 1994: The White House launches its website

    1994: The White House launches its website
    The White House launches its website,
    Initial commerce sites are established and mass marketing campaigns are launched via email, introducing the term “spamming“ to the Internet vocabulary.
    Marc Andreessen and Jim Clark start Netscape Communications. They introduce the Navigator browser.
  • 1995: Dial-up Internet access.

    1995: Dial-up Internet access.
    CompuServe, America Online, and Prodigy start providing dial-up Internet access.
    Sun Microsystems releases the Internet programming language called Java.
    The Vatican launches its own website,
  • 1996: Internet usage

    1996: Internet usage
    Approximately 45 million people are using the Internet, with roughly 30 million of those in North America (United States and Canada), 9 million in Europe, and 6 million in Asia/Pacific (Australia, Japan, etc.). 43.2 million (44%) U.S. households own a personal computer, and 14 million of them are online.
  • 1997: NASA

    1997: NASA
    On July 8, 1997, Internet traffic records are broken as the NASA website broadcasts images taken by Pathfinder on Mars. The broadcast generates 46 million hits in one day.
    The term “weblog“ is coined it is later shortened to “blog.“
  • 1998: Google

    1998: Google
    Google opens its first office, in California.
  • 1999: Shawn Fanning

    1999:  Shawn Fanning
    College student Shawn Fanning invents Napster, a computer application that allows users to swap music over the Internet.
    The number of Internet users worldwide reaches 150 million by the beginning of 1999. More than 50% are from the United States.
    “E-commerce“ becomes the new buzzword as Internet shopping rapidly spreads. is launched.
  • 2000: Programmers

    2000: Programmers
    To the chagrin of the Internet population, deviant computer programmers begin designing and circulating viruses with greater frequency. “Love Bug“ and “Stages“ are two examples of self-replicating viruses that send themselves to people listed in a computer user's email address book. The heavy volume of email messages being sent and received forces many infected companies to temporarily shut down their clogged networks.
    The Internet bubble bursts, as the fountain of investment capital dries up.
  • 2001: Napster and Wikipedia

    2001: Napster and Wikipedia
    Napster is dealt a potentially fatal blow when the 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals in San Francisco rules that the company is violating copyright laws and orders it to stop distributing copyrighted music. The file-swapping company says it is developing a subscription-based service.
    About 9.8 billion electronic messages are sent daily.
    Wikipedia is created.
  • 2002: Internet is rising

    2002: Internet is rising
    As of January, 58.5% of the U.S. population (164.14 million people) uses the Internet. Worldwide there are 544.2 million users.
    The death knell tolls for Napster after a bankruptcy judge ruled in September that German media giant Bertelsmann cannot buy the assets of troubled Napster Inc. The ruling prompts Konrad Hilbers, Napster CEO, to resign and lay off his staff.
  • 2003: Apple opens iTunes

    2003: Apple opens iTunes
    Apple Computer introduces Apple iTunes Music Store, which allows people to download songs for 99 cents each.
    Spam, unsolicited email, becomes a server-clogging menace. It accounts for about half of all emails.
    Apple Computer introduces Apple iTunes Music Store, which allows people to download songs for 99 cents each.
  • 2004: Internet worm

    2004: Internet worm
    Internet Worm, called MyDoom or Novarg, spreads through Internet servers. About 1 in 12 email messages are infected.
    Online spending reaches a record high-$117 billion in 2004, a 26% increase over 2003.
  • 2005: Youtube

    2005: Youtube
    YouTube is launched
  • 2008: Google dominance

    2008: Google dominance
    In a move to challenge Google's dominance of search and advertising on the Internet, software giant Microsoft offers to buy Yahoo for $44.6 billion.
    In a San Fransisco federal district court, Judge Jeffrey S. White orders the disabling of, a Web site that discloses confidential information. The case was brought by Julius Baer Bank and Trust, located in the Cayman Islands, after a disgruntled ex-employee allegedly provided Wikileaks with stolen documents that implicate the bank.
  • 2015: Mark Zuckerberg

    2015: Mark Zuckerberg
    On September 26, Mark Zuckerberg (Facebook) spoke during the 70th annual U.N. General Assembly session, to increase awareness and garner support for the initiative, ONE--an organization "taking action to end extreme poverty and preventable disease." Zuckerberg's goal is to bring the Internet to the masses; universal Internet access, he claims, is a basic human right and is an essential tool in the fight to achieve global justice.