In an article in the Atlantic Monthly magazine , Vannevar Bush described the first Automated information management system. His vision was of a machine that turned out to be the start of what is now known as the world wide web.
Cybernetics by Norbert Weiner
In a book, Norbert Weiner wrote about a field that was a combination of man and electronics. He called ths field Cybernetics. This concept would inspire future generations of scientists on how to increase the human capabilities with the help of electronics.
Dartmouth Artifical Intelligence Conference hosted by John McCarthy
John McCarty invited many researchers from around the world to come togther to Darthmouth College in New Hampshire to discuss a subject that he called " Artificial Intelligence".
Wide Area Network - J.C.R. Licklider
Dept. of Defense ( DOD) hired J.C.R. Licklider with a mandate to create a wide area network that would connect the DOD sites at the Pentagon, Cheyenne Mountain and Strategic Air Command.
Global Village and " The Medium is the Message" ideas by Marshall McLuhan
The idea the everyone in the world could be interconnected by an "electronic nervous system" and the properties of how the message is provided (like the paper it is printed on) has as much effect as the information it provides" were ideas of Marshall McLuhan,
First packet exchange over a tlelephone connection
Lawrence Robets and Thomas Merrill connected two computers together over a telephone connection and exchanged a packet of data between California and Mass.
ARPANET - the first working network
ARPANET (Advanced Research Projects Agency Network) was the world's first operational packet switching network .On this day it went into operation.
1st email is sent
Sometime in late 1971, an engineer named Ray Tomlinson sent the first e-mail message. He sent the message to himself from one machine to another
Norway and England started using ARPANET
Norway and London, England were the first countries outside the US to connect to the ARPANET. Other countries in Europe followed.
TCP/IP is designed by Kahn and Cerf
Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol is designed as the rules that will be used to communicate on a network
Queen Elizabeth sends her first email
Queen Elizabeth sends her first email frrom an Army Base, no other details were ever released
1st Apple Computer
the first apple computer was built by Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak in a garage.
playing games on the APRANET
starting in 1977, games were being played on the APRANET
email hosts available to over 100 researchers
The number of researchers now able to use email has gone of 100
the word internet is used for the first time
the internet was a connection of other networks all combined
TCP/IP is used for the first time
It took about 10 years from design to actually using these rules.
Supercomputing centers were being constructed by NSF
The National Science Foundation started building supercomputer centers for high speed computer networks
Cyberspace - a word to describe the internet
A writer named William Gibson uses the word cyberrspace for the first time
DNS is created
Domain Name System (DNS) is created. This will identify the network the different web addresses use. Examples are .com, .org, and .edu.
AOL is started
Quantum Computer Services, changes its name to America Online(AOL), is created and started. AOL providess email, electronic bulletin boards, news.
100,000 users of the internet
over 100,000 users of the internet is reached
WWW is invented by Tim Berners-Lee
The World Wide Web is a new way to provide information of the internet, it uses hypertext. Hypertext allows one document to be connected to another. This changes the way the internet can be used.
Surfing the internet
Jean Armour Polly makes up the saying "surfing the Internet."