History Of ICT

By ArteX
  • 3000 BCE

    The Drawings

    The Drawings
    Simple picture drawings known as petroglyths which were usually carved in rock.
    I put it first because it was for me the first means of communication
  • 150 BCE

    Smoke Signals

    Smoke Signals
    The smoke was used to communicate and to request distress signals, nowadays this technique is also used but with rescue revenge.
  • Mechanical calculators are manufactured for sale

    Mechanical calculators are manufactured for sale
    Records exist of earlier machines, but Blaise Pascal invents the first commercial calculator, a hand powered adding machine.
    And this is the first since it was the first discovery that helped us move forward in every way
  • Punch cards used for programming

    Punch cards used for programming
    Frenchman, Joseph-Marie Jacquard builds a loom that weaves by reading punched holes stored on small sheets of hardwood. These plates are then inserted into the loom which reads (retrieves) the pattern and creates(process) the weave. Powered by water, this "machine" came 140 years before the development of the modern computer.
  • Charles Babbage starts his reseach

    Charles Babbage starts his reseach
    Shortly after the first mass-produced calculator, Charles Babbage begins his lifelong quest for a programmable machine.
  • Babbage's Difference Machine

    Babbage's Difference Machine
    Difference Machine was an automatic, mechanical calculator designed to tabulate polynomial functions.
  • Ada Lovelace

    Ada Lovelace
    Although Babbage was a poor communicator and record-keeper, his difference engine is sufficiently developed by 1842 that Ada Lovelace uses it to mechanically translate a short written work. She is generally regarded as the first programmer.
  • George Boole - father of computer science

    George Boole - father of computer science
    George Boole, while professor of Mathematics at Cork University, writes An Investigation of the Laws of Thought(1854), and is generally recognized as the father of computer science.
  • Punch cards used in 1890 Census

    Punch cards used in 1890 Census
    The 1890 census is tabulated on punch cards similar to the ones used 90 years earlier to create weaves. Developed by Herman Hollerith of MIT, the system uses electric power(non-mechanical). The Hollerith Tabulating Company is a forerunner of today's IBM.
  • Printing Calculator

    Printing Calculator
    William Burroughs introduces a commercially successful printing calculator. It is hand-powered but Burroughs quickly introduces an electronic model.
  • Enigma Machine Invented

    Enigma Machine Invented
    An Enigma machine is any of a family of related electro-mechanical rotor machines used for the encryption and decryption of secret messages. The first Enigma was invented by German engineer Arthur Scherbius at the end of
    World War I This machine was used by the germans with great success in world war II, but we had Bletchly Park Code Breakers!
  • Vannevar Bush of MIT builds his analyzer

    Vannevar Bush of MIT builds his analyzer
    The differential analyser was a mechanical analog computer designed to solve differential equations by integration, using wheel-and-disc mechanisms to perform the integration. It was one of the first advanced computing devices to be used operationally. Using a set of gears and shafts, much like Babbage, the machine can handle simple calculus problems, but accuracy is a problem.
  • Konrad Zuse builds a mechanical calculator to handle the math involved in his profession

    Konrad Zuse builds a mechanical calculator to handle the math involved in his profession
    Konrad Zuse was a German engineer and computer pioneer. His greatest achievement was the world's first functional program-controlled Turing-complete computer, the Z3, in 1941 (the program was stored on a punched tape).
  • The Harvard Mark I is introduced

    The Harvard Mark I is introduced
    The IBM Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator (ASCC), called the Mark I by Harvard University,[1] was the first large-scale automatic digital computer in the USA. It is considered by some to be the first universal calculator. It uses a paper tape to store instructions.
  • Computer De-Bugging Invented

    Computer De-Bugging Invented
    Early in 1945, with the Mark I stopped for repairs, Hopper notices a moth in one of the relays, possibly causing the problem. From this day on, Hopper refers to fixing the system as "debugging".
  • Working towards store programmes

    Working towards store programmes
    Teams around the world work on a "stored program" machine. The first, nicknamed "Baby", is a prototype of a much larger machine under construction in Britain and is shown in June 1948. The Manchester Small-Scale Experimental Machine (SSEM), nicknamed Baby, was the world's first stored-program computer. It was built at the Victoria University of Manchester by Frederic C. Williams, Tom Kilburn and Geoff Tootill, and ran its first program on 21 June 1948.
  • IBM's first commercial scientific computer

    IBM's first commercial scientific computer
    The IBM 701, known as the Defense Calculator while in development, was announced to the public on April 29, 1952, and was IBM’s first commercial scientific computer
  • IBM introduces the System (360)

    IBM introduces the System (360)
    While a technical marvel, the main feature of this machine is business oriented...IBM guarantees the "upward compatibility" of the system, reducing the risk that a business would invest in outdated technology.
  • Internet Invented

    Internet Invented
    Arpanet was the first real network to run on packet switching technology (new at the time). On the October 29, 1969, computers at Stanford and UCLA connected for the first time. In effect, they were the first hosts on what would one day become the Internet.
  • Harvard, MIT & BBN Logon

    Harvard, MIT & BBN Logon
    An Arpanet network was established between Harvard, MIT, and BBN (the company that created the "interface message processor" computers used to connect to the network) in 1970.
  • Books & Documents Appear in the Public Domain - Internet

    Books & Documents Appear in the Public Domain - Internet
    Project Gutenberg is when they tried to create and store books and documents in the public domain available electronically, for free, in various eBook and electronic formats.
    Michael Hart gained access to a large block of computing time and envisigaed that the future of computers wasn’t in computing itself, but in the storage, retrieval and searching of information.
  • Texas Instruments introduces the first "pocket calculator

    Texas Instruments introduces the first "pocket calculator
    It weighs 2.5 pounds, just a bit more than a bag of sugar!! Big pockets then? It was called the TI-58.
  • Email Invented

    Email Invented
    Email was developed by Ray Tomlinson, who also made the decision to use the "@" symbol to separate the user name from the computer name (which later on became the domain name).
  • The first mouse

    The first mouse
    Bill English, builder of Engelbart's original mouse, invented the ball mouse in 1972 while working for Xerox PARC
  • The First Email - Internet

    The First Email - Internet
    With the popularity of emailing, the first modern email program was developed by John Vittal, a programmer at the University of Southern California. The biggest technological advance this program was the addition of "Reply" and "Forward" functionality.
  • The first personal computer

    The first personal computer
    The Altair features 256 bytes of memory. Bill Gates, with others, writes a BASIC compiler for the machine. The next year Apple begins to market PC's, also in kit form. It includes a monitor and keyboard.
  • Firts Laptop

    Firts Laptop
    The IBM SCAMP project (Special Computer APL Machine Portable), was demonstrated in 1973. This prototype was based on the PALM processor (Put All Logic In Microcode). The IBM 5100, the first commercially available portable computer, appeared in September 1975, and was based on the SCAMP prototype
  • The First Royal Email is Sent

    The First Royal Email is Sent
    We know that the email announced that the Royal Signals and Radar Establishment in Malvern was on the Arpanet system, and was made from that base, but nothing about the actual wording.
  • Stores begin to sell PC's

    Stores begin to sell PC's
    But they are very very expensive! Companies strive to reduce the size and price of PC's while increasing capacity. Entering the fray, IBM introduces it's PC in 1981(it's actually IBM's second attempt, but the first failed miserably). Time selects the computer as its Man of the Year in 1982. Tron, a computer-generated special effects extravaganza is released the same year.
  • The First PC Modem - Internet

    The First PC Modem - Internet
    1977 was a big year for the development of the Internet as we know it today. It’s the year the first PC modem, developed by Dennis Hayes and Dale Heatherington, was introduced and initially sold to computer geeks!
  • SPAM Emailed - Internet

     SPAM Emailed - Internet
    1978 is also the year that brought the first unsolicited commercial email message (later known as spam), sent out to 600 California Arpanet users by Gary Thuerk.
  • BBC Computer

    BBC Computer
    The BBC Microcomputer System, or BBC Micro, was a series of microcomputers and associated peripherals designed and built by Acorn Computers for the BBC Computer Literacy Project, operated by the British Broadcasting Corporation. Designed with an emphasis on education it was notable for its ruggedness, expandability and the quality of its operating system. We had these computer at Denby Free in the Reception Classroom in 2000.
  • The Domain Name System was Created

    The Domain Name System was Created
    Along with the first Domain Name Servers (DNS). The domain name system was important in that it made addresses on the Internet more human-friendly compared to its numerical IP address counterparts. DNS servers allowed Internet users to type in an easy-to-remember domain name and then converted it to the IP address automatically.
  • The Internet Grows

    The Internet Grows
    By 1987, there were nearly 30,000 hosts on the Internet. The original Arpanet protocol had been limited to 1,000 hosts, but the adoption of the TCP/IP standard made larger numbers of hosts possible.
  • Proposal for the World Wide Web

    Proposal for the World Wide Web
    Tim Berners-Lee wrote the first proposal for the World Wide Web in March 1989 and his second proposal in May 1990. Together with Belgian systems engineer Robert Cailliau, this was formalised as a management proposal in November 1990. This outlined the principal concepts and it defined important terms behind the Web.
  • First Commercial Dial-Up Internet Access

    First Commercial Dial-Up Internet Access
    1990 also brought about the first commercial dial-up Internet provider, The World.
  • First Web Page - Internet

    First Web Page - Internet
    The first web page was created and, much like the first email explained what email was, its purpose was to explain what the World Wide Web was.
  • First Webcam - Internet

    First Webcam - Internet
    One of the more interesting developments of this era, though, was the first webcam. It was deployed at a Cambridge University computer lab, and its sole purpose was to monitor a particular coffee maker so that lab users could avoid wasted trips to an empty coffee pot.
  • Internet Shopping

    Internet Shopping
    First, SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) encryption was developed by Netscape, making it safer to conduct financial transactions (like credit card payments) online.
    In addition, two major online businesses got their start the same year. In addition, two major online businesses got their start the same year. The first sale on "Echo Bay" was made that year. Echo Bay later became eBay. also started in 1995, though it didn’t turn a profit for six years, until 2001.
  • Google Launched - Internet

    Google Launched - Internet
    Google App and tool engine launched
  • Internet electrical network

    Internet electrical network
    An innovative technology of proven efficiency that allows access to the Internet through the plug, without using the telephone line, An innovative technology of proven efficiency that allows access to the Internet through the plug, without using the telephone line
  • Wikipedia Launched - Internet

    Wikipedia Launched - Internet
    Wikipedia launched in 2001, one of the websites that paved the way for collective web content generation/social media.
  • Hybrid car

     Hybrid car
    Invented by: Toyota
    Description: This car was powered by gasoline and electricity. In addition to having a special feature: that of parking automatically. This happens with the help of a rear-mounted power steering camera and software called Intelligent Parking Assist, designed to drive the car in a parking space. The user does not even have to touch, speak or provide any order during the entire process.
  • YouTube Launched - Internet

    YouTube Launched - Internet
    YouTube launched in 2005, bringing free online video hosting and sharing to the masses.
  • Mobile Internet Access

    Mobile Internet Access
    The biggest innovation of 2007 was almost certainly the iPhone, which was almost wholly responsible for renewed interest in mobile web applications and design.
  • Electric car

    Electric car
    Invented by: Tesla motor
    Description: The Tesla Roadster is the first fully electric sports car. Until now, electric cars could be considered many things, less attractive.
  • Smart House

    Smart House
    Smart houses created in order to have great comfort in the home to allow us the luxury of not doing many normal tasks such as raising blinds, lighting lights or cleaning and cleaning the windows.
  • Robot SOFIA (the most inteligent one)

    Robot SOFIA (the most inteligent one)
    It was designed to learn and adapt to human behavior, the objective is to be able to apply the advances in artificial intelligence allowing to develop technologies that improve the interaction between humans and robots.
    It was created and lit for the first time in Hong Kong at the Hanson Robotic factory
  • Drones to Work and Investigate

    Drones to Work and Investigate
    Creation of powerful drones that have been able to help in works such as irrigated fields, put out fires, rescue people until they do research work.
    They are also ivestigando on how to increase the speed and strength of the drone and not long ago 2000 drones lifted a truck
  • Joisticks and simulators

     Joisticks and simulators
    The simulators in video games are very important since they have already been used as training for a type of action or practice to be performed, and chosen as the last one because it is the most current and they are using it a lot to avoid an accident for the first time in driving something..