History of the Internet (DS 7a NMS)

  • The First Commercially Available General Purpose Computer with Transistor Logic

    In 1960 IBM introduced a transistorized version of its vacuum-tube-logic 709 computer, the 7090Offsite Link. The 7090 was the first commercially available general purpose computer with transistor logic. It became the most popular large computer of the early 1960s.
  • The First Electronic Learning System

    In 1960 PLATO IOffsite Link (Programmed Logic for Automatic Teaching Operations), the first electronic learning system developed by Donald Bitzer
  • The First Software Patent

    Widely considered the first software patent, "Prater-Wei" was about calculating temperatures for petroleum fractionation. This patent, originally filed by Mobil Oil Corporation in 1960, addressed computerized spectographic analysis.
  • ARPA

    The department of defense created the advanced research projects agency in 1960
  • 101

    The army used computers to recognise aircrafts and missles.
  • Games on the computer

    February 1961 computer programmer Steve Russell creates the first game on a computer. “SpaceWar!” and has two players playing as a spaceship shooting at each other. Yet only around the 70’s did computer games become popular and more were bought. Later in the 60’s SEGA released the first arcade game “Periscope” the first electronic game.
  • SABRE

    In 1964, Amerikan airlines began to use IBMs SABRE travel reservation system.
  • ASCII

    A joint industry government commitee creates the ASCII, the 1st universal standard for computers
  • First WAN

    Larry Roberts and Thomas Marill create the 1st wide area network
  • ARPANET

    Larry Roberts creates the ARPANET. Davies word packet is adopted and the speed of ARPANET increases from 2,5 kbps to 50 kbps
  • The first exhibtion of ARPANET

    Robert Kahn exhibits the first public demonstration of the program ARPANET at the International Computer Communication Conference. This was the first time that email was exhibited for developing network technology
  • The idea of deeloping internetworing

    Robert Kahn and Vinton Cerf worked on the idea of developing internetworking or of connecting multiple networks. The point of this was so when a network was brought down that it would not cause the collapse of all joined network.
  • broderbund

    Broderbund is founded. In 1980, brothers Doug and Gary Carlston formed a company to market the games Doug had created. Their first games were Galactic Empire, Galactic Trader and Galactic Revolution. They continued to have success with popular games such as Myst (1993) and Riven (1997) and a wide range of home products such as Print Shop, language tutors, etc. In 1998, Broderbund was acquired by The Learning Company which, a year later, was itself acquired by Mattel, Inc.
  • Osborne 1

    Osborne 1
    Adam Osborne completed the first portable computer, the Osborne I, which weighed 24 pounds and cost $1,795. The price made the machine especially attractive, as it included software worth about $1,500. The machine featured a 5-inch display, 64 kilobytes of memory, a modem, and two 5 1/4-inch floppy disk drives.
  • Commodore 64

    Commodore 64
    Commodore introduces the Commodore 64. The C64, as it was better known, sold for $595, came with 64KB of RAM and featured impressive graphics. Thousands of software titles were released over the lifespan of the C64. By the time the C64 was discontinued in 1993, it had sold more than 22 million units and is recognized by the 2006 Guinness Book of World Records as the greatest selling single computer model of all time.
  • Apple introduced Lisa

    Apple introduced Lisa
    Apple introduced its Lisa. The first personal computer with a graphical user interface, its development was central in the move to such systems for personal computers. The Lisa´s sloth and high price ($10,000) led to its ultimate failure. The Lisa ran on a Motorola 68000 microprocessor and came equipped with 1 megabyte of RAM, a 12-inch black-and-white monitor, dual 5 1/4-inch floppy disk drives and a 5 megabyte Profile hard drive. The Xerox Star — which included a system called Smalltalk that
  • Macintosh

    Macintosh
    Apple Computer launched the Macintosh, the first successful mouse-driven computer with a graphic user interface, with a single $1.5 million commercial during the 1984 Super Bowl. Based on the Motorola 68000 microprocessor, the Macintosh included many of the Lisa´s features at a much more affordable price: $2,500. Apple´s commercial played on the theme of George Orwell´s "1984" and featured the destruction of Big Brother with the power of personal computing found in a Macintosh. Applications tha
  • Amiga 1000

    Amiga 1000
    The Amiga 1000 is released. Commodore’s Amiga 1000 sold for $1,295 dollars (without monitor) and had audio and video capabilities beyond those found in most other personal computers. It developed a very loyal following and add-on components allowed it to be upgraded easily. The inside of the case is engraved with the signatures of the Amiga designers, including Jay Miner as well as the paw print of his dog Mitchy.
  • Pixar

    Pixar is founded. Pixar was originally called the Special Effects Computer Group at Lucasfilm (launched in 1979). The group created the computer animated segments of films such as “Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan” and “Young Sherlock Holmes.” In 1986, Apple Computer co-founder Steve Jobs paid 10 million dollars to Lucasfilm to purchase the Group and renamed it Pixar. Over the next decade, Pixar made highly-successful (and Oscar-winning) animated films. It was bought by Disney in 2006.
  • Motorola 68030

    Motorola 68030
  • compaq

    Compaq and other PC-clone makers developed enhanced industry standard architecture — better than microchannel and retained compatibility with existing machines. EISA used a 32-bit bus, or a means by which two devices can communicate. The advanced data-handling features of the EISA made it an improvement over the 16-bit bus of industry standard architecture. IBM´s competitors developed the EISA as a way to avoid paying a fee to IBM for its MCA bus.
  • Intel 80486

    Intel 80486
    Intel released the 80486 microprocessor and the i860 RISC/coprocessor chip, each of which contained more than 1 million transistors. The RISC microprocessor had a 32-bit integer arithmetic and logic unit (the part of the CPU that performs operations such as addition and subtraction), a 64-bit floating-point unit, and a clock rate of 33 MHz. The 486 chips remained similar in structure to their predecessors, the 386 chips. What set the 486 apart was its optimized instruction set, with an on-chip
  • indexing the internet 1990

    indexing the internet 1990
    the first effort to index the internet is created by peter deutsch at mcgill university in montreal.
  • gopher 1991

    gopher 1991
    gopher which provides point and click navigation.is created at the university of minnesotaand named after the mascot.gopher becomes the most popular interface for severalyears. another indexing system WAIS is developed by brewster kahle of thinking machines corp.
  • 1993

    1993 Mosaic is developed by MarcAndreeson
    at the NationalCenter for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA). It becomes the dominant navigating system for the World Wide Web, which at this time accounts for merely 1% of all internet traffic.
  • mosaic 1993

    mosaic 1993
    mosaic is developed by marc andreeson at the nartional center for supercomputing applications. it becomes the dominant navigating system for the world wide web. which at thistime accounts for merely 1% of all internet traffic.
  • white house 1994

    white house 1994
    the white house launches its website. initial commerce sites are established and mass marketing campaigns are launched via email. introducing the term 'spamming'to the vocabulary. marc andreeson and jim.
  • compu serve, american online 1995

    compu serve, american online 1995
    compu serve, american online, and prodigy start providing dial up internet accses. sun microsystem realeses the internetprogramming language called java. the vatican launches its own website,
  • european vs north american usage 1996

    european vs north american usage 1996
    aproximately 45 million people are using the internet, with roughly 30 million of those are in north america, 9 million in europe,6 million in asia.
  • internet traffic records broken 1997

    internet traffic records broken 1997
    on july 8th 1997, internet traffics records are broken a the NASA website brodcasts images taken by pathfinder on mars.the brodcast generates 46 million hits in one day! the term "weblog" is coined. its later shortend to just"blog".
  • google opens its first office!

    google opens its first office!
    on september 7th 1998 google officially opens their first office in california,USA
  • napster was created

    napster was created
    college student shawn fanning invents napster a computer application that allows users to swap music over the internet.
    the number of internet users worldwide reaches 150 million by the beginning of 1999.
  • creating computer viruses

    creating computer viruses
    to the chagrin of the internet population, deviant computer programmers begin designing and circulating viruses with greater frequency "love bug" and " stages" are two examples of self replicating viruses that send themselves to people listed in a computer users email adress book. the heavy volume of email messages bieng sent and recieved forces many infected companies to temporerly shut down.
  • Wikipedia was created

    Wikipedia was created
    (15 January)
    Wikipedia was created
    • Two Men called Jimmy Wales and Larry Sanger
    • On the 15 of January people call that the Wikipedia day
    • On the wikipedia.com and wikipedia.org domain names were registered on 12 January 2001 and 13 January 2001
    • First international Wikipedia’s were the French, German, Catalan, Swedish, and Italian.
    • The first media report about Wikipedia appeared in August 2001 in the newspaper
    “Wales on Sunday “
  • U.s population increases use on internet

    U.s population increases use on internet
    In 2002 Beginning of January 58.5% of the U.S. population use the Internet, which are 64.14 million people. Worldwide there are 544.2 million users online. • In North America and Japan are the most used users on the internet in the year 2002
    • Northern Africa, Central Africa and southern Asia are the least online
    • In 2002 the internet was in use of 9, 5 of the world population.
    • The internet was mostly used to find information or meanings of words.
    • People who were online a lot knew qu
  • Apple interduces 1st I Pod

    Apple interduces 1st I Pod
    In 2003
    Apple introduces new stuff • On the 9 January they also introduce the 1st I Pod

    • The Apple Computer introduces iTunes Music Store,
    • which allows people to download songs for 99 cents per song
    • Apple calls I tunes the new age jukebox
    • I tunes also lets you download videos, series book, etc.
  • Youtube

    Youtube
    In 2005 (15 February) The most used website to look up music and videos got launched, which was YouTube. • YouTube was programmed by 3 U.S citizens
    named Chad Hurley, Steve Chen, Jawed Karim • YouTube has around 62 different languages • Google bought YouTube for 1,31 billion dollers • YouTube has its own motto – broadcast yourself • YouTube roughly has 67 workers who work 8h a day.
  • Websites

    Websites
    2006 • They are over 92 million websites online
    • Not all of them were in use but 65% were in use.
    • The most used websites were Wikipedia or contacting sites( mail, fax, ect)
    • People who made the websites also put advertisement on it for other stuff
    • In 2006 they also had learning sites ( IEA ) for international comparing.
  • 1st IPhone released

    1st IPhone released
    2007 I phone
    • The world first I phone got released (2g)
    • On the 29 of June 2007
    • The I phone 2g had the 3.3.1 Apple version from that day Apple tries to make a new one every single year.
    • The second version came out on the 9 July (3g)
    • Jonathan Ive did the phone design.
  • Yahoos gets 6he deal

    Yahoos gets 6he deal
    2008 Microsoft offers yahoo a deal • Microsoft offers to buy yahoo for 44.6 million dollars
    • Though Yahoo did not take the deal and are not in the power if Microsoft
    • Yahoo was found in 1994 by Jerry Yang and David filo
    • Yahoo is a public side
    • Yahoo has around 800 users online
    • Microsoft has 5 million people on the x-box1, 3,5 million subscribers, etc. so around 1,3 billion people use Microsoft
  • Chinesse internet use

    Chinesse internet use
    • 2011 Chinese difference • In china the the online users have went up harshly with 450 million users
    • The Chinese government fought against the internet in their country though in china, people can use it they are still quite a lot of sites not able to look up
    • China even has its own Facebook because the government is very harsh and doesn’t want their citizens to know what is going on in the outer world
    • All the newspapers online are blocked for the same reasons
    • The government knows t
  • Wikipedia english version

    2013 No English Wikipedia
    • In January there was a huge congress to get the English Wikipedia off the web
    • As you see the English Wikipedia has not gone
    The English Wikipedia is called Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
    • To access the English Wikipedia you can also just write .com at the end
    • The English Wikipedia has 4,532,326 articles
    • The English Wikipedia should have been a news paper
  • WhatsApp Vs facebook

    WhatsApp Vs facebook
    2014 Facebook VS WhatsApp • WhatsApp got bought by Facebook for 19 million dollars
    • The two “ groups” have been arguing from the day they bought Facebook about what will happen to the affect
    • Facebook is for free but has advertisement
    • WhatsApp is for free and has no advertisement
    • WhatsApp has around 450 million users monthly because they want to chat and avoid charges. You can also do it with Facebook but some people just want to chat and not all these other stuff!!