The Industrialisation of Australia

By Axel.D
  • European Settlement was established in Australia

  • Coal was discovered in Australia

    escaping convict William Bryant discovered coal at the mouth of the Hunter Valley in NSW.
  • Second discovery of coal in Australia

    William Clarke discovered coal on the South coast of NSW near where is now called Thirroul
  • First coalmine in Australia was established

    The first coalmine in Australia was set up near the mouth of the Hunter River near where William Bryant first found coal.
  • Govenor King established Newcastle

    Govenor King established a permanent settlement at the Hunter River coalmine and called it Newcastle. It became the centre of coal trade in Australia
  • The first steam engine arrived in Australia

    The first steam engine to be shipped from Britain to Australia arrived. Until then, mechanical work had been done by windmills,convict treadmills and animals. The steam engine was installed in John Dickson's flourmill at Darling Harbour.
  • Simeon Lord wstablished a mill to dye and dress cloth

    In 1815, Simeon Lord established a mill in Sydney. In 1816, he made an agreement with Governor Macquarie to mill, dye and dress cloth from the Female Factory at Parramatta
  • Six steam engines existed in Australia

    By this time there were 6 steam engines in Australia including one at the Australin Agricultural Company's Newcastle coalmine.
  • Sophia Jane arrived in Sydney

    The sophia Jane was the first steam paddle ship in Australia. It was built in England and arrived in Sydney in 1831
  • The surprise made it's maiden voyage

    The surprise, a steam engine powerded paddle boat, made it's maiden voyage from Sydney to Parramatta while the Sophia Jane, another paddle boat, was having its paddles fitted for its maiden voyage.
  • An early textile factory was eestablished in Blackwattle Bay, Sydney

    Another early textile factory was established at Sydney and it manufactured the 'finest as well as the coarsest cloths'.
  • There were 36 steam engines in Australia

    There were 26 steam engines in flourmills and 10 in other industries.
  • Peter Russsell Took Over The Sydney Foundry and engineering works

    Peter Russell took over the Sydney Foundry and engineering Works, the foundry thought to be the first foundry established in Australia. The foundry produced both iron and brass castings as well as stones, gratings, railings, building columns and many steam engine parts. The name was then changed to PN Russell and company and made two large donations to the University of Sydney to establish an engineering school. Peter Russell also assisted in founding the Institute of Engineers in 1870.
  • The first attempt at establishing iron and steel smelting in Australia

    The first attempt at establishing iron and steel smelting in Australia in Mittagong, NSW. The plant was not economical and was closed in 1877.
  • The Sydney Company started building the first railway in NSW

    The Sydney Railway Company started building the first railway in NSW between Sydney and Parramatta. The track covered a distance of 22 kilometres but ran into financial difficulty part of the way through construction and had to be taken over by the NSW colonial government. The line opened on the 26th of September 1885
  • The horizontal engine began to supersede other steam engines

    By this time, the horizontal steam engine started to replace all other kinds of steam engines on the land.
  • Gold Rush In both New South Wales and Victoria

  • The First Railway Line in Australia Opened

    The first railway line in Australia opened between Melbourne’s Flinders Street Station and Port Melbourne, Victoria
  • Scott Clow and Prebble opened the first Cast-Iron foundry

    Scott Clow and Prebble opened the first Cast-Iron foundry in Melbourne.
  • The first Railway in South Australia opened

    The first railway line carrying steam-powered trains opened on this day between Adelaide and Port Adelaide.
  • Enoch Hughes established a Rolling Mill in Melbourne

    Enoch Hughes established a Rolling Mill in Melbourne and would later play a major role in establishing an iron and steel works in Lithgow NSW.
  • The first railway in Tasmania opened

    The first railway in Tasmania opened between the northern towns of Launceston and Deloraine and was 72 kilometres long.
  • The first railway in Western Australia opened

    A private timber railway from Lockville to Yoganup, South of Perth, was the first railway to operate in Western Australia. A government railway opened in 1879 between Geraldton and Northhampton
  • A second attempt to establish iron and steel smelting in Victoria

  • The first railway in Queensland was connected with the capital city, Brisbane

    The first railway in Queensland ran from Ipswich inland to Grandchester and was later extended to Darling Downs and then to the capital, Brisbane, in 1875
  • The Broken Hill Proprietary Company Limited (BHP) was established

    The Broken Hill Proprietary Company Limited (BHP) was established.
  • The first Railway in the Northern Territory opened

    The first railway in the Northern Territory between Darwin and Pine Creek was 253 kilometres and became operational on the 1st of October 1889.
  • Period: to

    A severe Reccession in Australia

    A severe recession in Australia slowed down Industrialisation
  • A branch railway line opened in the ACT

    A 10 kilometre branch railway line opened between Queanbeyan, NSW, and Canberra, ACT.