THE HISTORY OF THE WOOL INDUSTRY IN AUSTRALIA

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In History
  • First sheep in Australia

    The First Fleet brought the initial population of 70 sheep from the Cape of Good Hope to Australia
  • Period: to

    THE HISTORY OF THE WOOL INDUSTRY IN AUSTRALIA

  • First sheep use for wool

    Some of the first dozen Spanish Merionos were brought to Sydney from Africa. The sheep were acquired by Captain John Macarthur and Samuel Marsden. The Ausralian wool producers used SELECTIVE BREEDING to breed the Merinos that suited to Australian condition.
  • Eight samples of the first wool In Australia

    Eight samples of the first wool ever made in Australia were submitted to the Governor, Captain P.G. King by the Reverend Samuel Marsden in Parramatta.
  • John Macarthur returned to Sydney

    John Macarthur returned to Sydney with Merinos bought from the flock of King George III
  • Reverend Samuel Marsden sell Australian wool in England

    Reverend Samuel Marsden, the owner of the 3rd largest flock in Australia arrived in England with a cask of his Australian wool. He also sended 400 lbs of his wool to England aboard the HMS Buffalo and sold them for 45d per lb.
  • Samuel Marsden got a black woolen shirt

    At William Thompson's mill, Yorkshire, Samuel's wool was woven into pieces of black cloth, from wich a black woolen shirt was tailored. He proudly wore it when he was inrtoduced to King George III
  • Reverend Samuel get a black woolen shirt

    At the William Thompson's mill in Yorkshire, Samuel's wool was woven into pieces of black cloth and a black woolen shirt was tailored. He proudly wore it when he was introduced to King George III.
  • Largest shipment of Australian wool so far

    The ship left Mistrel, Sydney and arrived at England. Most of the wool came from the Macarthur family and the Riley family. Also Reverend Samuel sent more of his wool to William Thompson's mill.
  • The potiential demand for Australian wool increased

    The potiential demand for Australian wool increased as a results of the Nepoleonic War. One battlefront was in Spain so that impaired the export of Spanish wool. The English naval blockade of continental Eroupe lessend the export of German wool.Australia had established a foothold in the English wool market at the end of the war.
  • The 1st austion of Australian wool

    The 1st austion of Australian wool was held in London, at Garraway's Coffee House in Change Valley
  • What London wool buyers said about wool?

    One of Samuel's saxon ram yield a fleece which was acclaimed by London wool buyers: "That's the softest and finest fleece of wool ever!"
  • Good news: The Australian Sheep population increased FAST

    The Australian Sheep population was about 2 million and they were multiplying with speed. Also, in the previous decade, an inflow of Merino's increased the quality of wool in many flocks.
  • Australia was chalenging Spain and Germany in the wool market

    Australia was chalenging Spain and Germany as the main suppliers of wool to England. Japan became the second biggest wool buyer of Australia, after England
  • 1ST WOOL AUCTION

    Thomas Mort set up the 1st wool auction in Australia. It was held in Sydney. Most of the Australian wool was shipped to England for sale in aution rooms or by private deals.
  • BIG CHANGE IN THE VALUE OF THE WOOL EXPORT

    Between 1830 and 1850,the value of the wool export increased from 2 million pound to 41 million pound
  • Wool trading companies established offices in Australia

    Big wool trading companies established permanent offices in Australia
  • Australia-The no.1 wool producer and supplier

    Australia became the world no.1 wool producer and supplier. It was the golden time for the pastoralists, they built mansions other expensive structure
  • Recreate the short-stapled Spanish Merino

    This started in 1860. Australian sheep-breeders recreate the short-stapled Spanish Merino to meet the demands from the new industrialised combing, spinning and weaving machines of the industrial revolutions
  • GOOD NEWS: SHEEP NUMBER INCREASED

    During the long pastoral boom, the number of the sheep increased from 40 million to 106 million.
  • The Federation Drought cut the sheep number by 50 million

    The Federation Drought cut the sheep number by 50 million. This was of critical importance as at that time fleecs cost from 5 pounds to 10 pounds
  • During World War I

    In the 1st World War, wool was urgently needed for millitary uniforms and other millitary purposes. The English government purchased the whole Australian wool clip at a fixed price
  • The UK expanding the textile indutry.

    The UK decided to purchase 50% of the total export.However, Japan and the US were still our biggest customers
  • The International Wool Secretariat formed

    The International Wool Secretariat formed and the formula for it's funding by 3 original partner coungtries (Australia, New Zealand and South Africa
  • GOOD NEW : AUSTRALIAN SHEEP NUMBER INCREASED

    The number of sheep increased to 125 million
  • GOOD NEW : AUSTRALIAN SHEEP NUMBER INCREASED

    The number of sheep increased to 180 million
  • Wool export increased

    For the first time since the Korean War boom, the wool export passed $1 billion
  • Australian wool production increased

    A review of the 1980's showed favourable season and high demand, and Australian wool production increased to over 1000 million kg
  • The Australian wool Research and Promotion Organisation established

    The Australian wool Research and Promotion Organisation established under the Australian wool Research and Promotion Act.
  • Australian largest wool processor

    The wool processing industries in all the western country was challenged by China. China became Australian largest wool processor