Prehistoric art is one of the most oldest forms of art in the world. The earliest forms of prehistoric art were found in caves in Europe almost 40000 years ago, around 38,000 BCE in the Paleolithic Era. The art that took place in the prehistroic times date back from the Paleolithic era to the Bronze age of Europe, from various art forms such as paintings in caves all the way to the development of architecture.
The Mesolithic Era
It is said that the people from the Mesolithic Era had continued making art that was developed in the Upper Paleolithic era. The Mesolithic time period focused more on agriculture and animal domestication. This is the time where the art form of pottery has begun. Rock painting and cave art still exists in the Mesolithic era and sculptures was being produced, mainly relief sculpture.
The Neolithic Era
This is referred as the "New Stone Age." This was the time where all arts and crafts have been abandoned the semi-nomadic lifestyle of hunting and gathering. The Neolithic time period witnessed a massive change in regards of a lifestyle from across the world! It resulted in the cave art from the Paleolithic era to disappear since many adopted a lifestyle of agriculture and animal domestication.
The Bronze Age
his time period is linked to the Stone Age and Iron Age. The Bronze Age is associated with the production of bronze and the development of a variety of wide range of functional and precious metalwork, along with the increase of economic productivity and the emergence of skilled workers. The best art from this time period appeared in the Mediterranean, during the rise of Mesopotamia.
This picture is a great example of Egyptian art. In Egyptian art, the artists try to lay out every single detail of an important person's physical appearance, such as a Pharaoh.
In Minoan art, the paintings would almost always have the viewer looking at just the sides. You can only see just a part of the body that is painted. Pottery was also a big part of the Minoan time period. Unfortunately the decline of the Minoan era because the culture was collapsing and has disappeared since then.
The Iron Age
Development was much more faster in terms of art and architecture. Throughout this time, the widespread use of of iron and iron tools has resulted in greater prosperity, especially in the area of the eastern Mediterranean. Greek art such as sculptures, pottery, were created. However, Greece was losing power at the end of the iron Age. As a result, Roman art had started to appear.
Sculptures are a huge form of art in Greek culture. The sculptures are probably one of the most beautiful art form in history and it is certainly one of the oldest methods to creating art. However, it takes a large amount of time and patience to make a sculpture. Greek is architecture is also a beautiful achievement of the Greek era. The two most famous art types were the Classical times and the Hellenistic era.
For many centuries, Ancient Rome was the strongest nation on Earth. Rome excelled in the military and welfare, architecture and engineering. Roman art is heavily influenced by art from the Hellenistic era (essentially Greek art), such as paintings and sculptures to the architecture.
Byzantine art was started at the same time Medieval art was being developed. The types of art forms that were created in the Byzantine era were murals and mosaics. Most of the art from the Byzantine era were mostly painted on walls of churches.
Nov 30, 800
During this time, various forms of art such as Carolingian, Ottonian, Romanesque and Gothic art, specifically the architecture and the art from the Gothic period. The picture that is provided here is an example of European Revival, in terms of art.
Gothic art and architecture is best known for its dark style and sculptures of gargoyles, buttresses, and stained glass art. Gothic architecture examples include cathedrals that can be found in Northern France. One of the finest examples of Gothic art is the Notre Dame cathedral.
Nov 30, 1000
By the start of the 10th century, the Carolingian Empire was declining as a result from attacks from their enemies. The three major influences of the art that was produced in the Ottonian era was the revival of northern Carolingian artistic heritage, renewed interest in Italian art, and lastly, having a more direct contact with art from the Byzantine era.
Leonardo da Vinci is one of the greatest artists to have ever lived. He was one of the very few Renaissance men, which are people who are skilled in multiple fields such as art, philosophy, mathematics, etc. His most famous painting is the Mona Lisa.
Mar 6, 1475
He was the greatest sculptor in the High Renaissance era.
The Mona Lisa is one of the world's most famous painting and it was created by Leonardo da Vinci. I personally believe that it is one of the most beautiful painting that was created throughout history.
The Baroque Era
This era of art was originated in Rome. The art that was developed tended to be large-scale, such as monumental wall paintings. Painters approached a strong sense of movement in regards to art, using swirling spirals and upward diagonals. The architecture was designed to create spectacle and illusion to viewers.
Revolutionary idealism was combined with Neoclassicism to produce a romantic style of art. Painters in this era include Henry Fuseli, Francisco Goya, John Constable.
It was associated with Madame Pompadour, who was the mistress of King Louis XV and the Parisian homes of the French aristocracy. All forms of art dealt with an ideal of elegant prettiness. Rococo art appeared in France, Germany, Italy and England. The architecture from the Rococo era was associated with France in the 18th century.
The theme of realism was spread to every single genre of art, which heavily influenced artists to create art of subjects that vary from people to landscapes. The favorite subject matter of realist painters included scenes of street life, scenes of rural and urban, cafes, etc.