Gothic Art through to Minimalism

  • Period: Jan 1, 1100 to

    Gothic Art through to Minimalism

  • Mar 1, 1150

    Gothic Art (c.1150-1400)

    Gothic Art (c.1150-1400)
    Gothic Art is more of the late medieval art that were in Byzantine and Romanesque traditions. It is different from its old Art by being more realistic in the shape and posture of its image and also by being more expressive using colour.
  • Feb 1, 1300

    The Early Renaissance (c.1300-1450)

    The Early Renaissance (c.1300-1450)
    The Early Renaissance was when Italy was undergoing artistic development as the art broke away from rigid Byzantine and Gothic traditions where you had to develop a more realistic look to drawing. An accurate way of rendering depth was slowly developed by artists like Masaccio, Uccello, Fra Angelico and Piero della Francesca.
  • Jan 1, 1375

    International Gothic (c.1375-1425)

    International Gothic (c.1375-1425)
    International Gothic is described as the transition of styles all over Northern Africa and Italy. This style of art was elegant, detailed and decorative. International Gothic was applied during the period between Byzantine Art, Late Gothic Art and Early Renaissance Art.
  • Apr 30, 1420

    The Northern Renaissance (c.1420-1520)

    The Northern Renaissance (c.1420-1520)
    The Northern Renaissance is the word used for the art of north and west Europe during the Italian Renaissance. During the 15th century art in the north was linked to the Gothic tradition but with naturalistic detail. Flanders was mainly focused in this type of art with other artists like Robert Campin, Rogier van der Weyden, Hugo van der Goes and Jan van Eyck.
  • Apr 30, 1480

    The High Renaissance (c.1480-1520)

    The High Renaissance (c.1480-1520)
    The High Renaissance highlighted the artistic development in Italian Art of the late 14th, 15th and early 16th centuries. The word ‘Renaissance’ means ‘rebirth’. Just like the meaning the arts were rebirth of the classical ideals from Ancient times of Rome and Greece. The great artists of this style of art were Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo Buonarroti, Raphael Sanzio, Titian (Tiziano Vecellio) and Tintoretto (Jacopo Robusti).
  • Jan 28, 1520

    Mannerism (c.1520-1580)

    Mannerism (c.1520-1580)
    Mannerism was a style used to describe several overestimated or mannered styles during the 20th century. It evolved towards the end of the High Renaissance. Mannerism artists valued a personal and idealized response to beauty over the classical ideal of ‘truth of nature’.
  • Baroque Art (c.1600-1700)

    Baroque Art (c.1600-1700)
    Baroque Art is identified by it being naturalistic. Artist who were known for their excellence in this area of art were Caravaggio the Italian painter, the sculptor Bernini, Rubens, Velazquez from Spain and Rembrandt the greatest of all Dutch painters.
  • Dutch Art (c.1620-1670)

    Dutch Art (c.1620-1670)
    Dutch Art is famous for its still life paintings such as potraits, landscape, interiors and genre painting. Artists have a tendency to specialize more narrowly in one subject.
  • Rococo Art (c.1700-1775)

    Rococo Art (c.1700-1775)
    Rococo is a word which is obtained from the French word ‘rocaille’. It means rock-work. Known Rococo artists were Watteau, Boucher, Fragonard, Tiepolo, Guardi, Canaletto and Hogarth.
  • Neoclassicism (c.1765-1850)

    Neoclassicism (c.1765-1850)
    Neoclassicism is a style where history played a part. Artist were inspired by archaeological discoveries at Herculaneum and Pompeii which also tells you that Neoclassicism paintings were historically accurate. They portrayed acts of heroism and virtue.
  • Romanticism (c.1765-1850)

    Romanticism (c.1765-1850)
    Romanticism Art showed value for the expression of emotion over the control of Classicism. These were showcased through spectacular painting technique and so on. Known Romanticism Artist were Delacroix, Gericault, Turner, Constable, Caspar David Friedrich and Goya.
  • Realism (c.1840-1880)

    Realism (c.1840-1880)
    Realism Art was a French style of painting which focused on everyday objects. Some of the Realist artists were Millet, Corot, Courbet and Manet.
  • The Pre-Raphaelites (c.1848-1854)

    The Pre-Raphaelites (c.1848-1854)
    The Pre-Raphaelites was a blend of Realism and Symbolism. It was created by a brotherhood of young English artists. The members of the group were John Everett Millais, William Holman Hunt and Dante Gabriel Rossetti.
  • Impressionism (c.1870-1890)

    Impressionism (c.1870-1890)
    Impressionism Art was a colorful style of painting in France at the end of the 9th century. Impressionism painters were Claude Monet, Pierre Auguste Renoir, Edgar Degas, Camille Pissarro, Alfred Sisley and Henri de Toulouse Lautrec.
  • Post Impressionism (c.1885-1905)

    Post Impressionism (c.1885-1905)
    Post Impressionism wasn’t a special style of painting. It was just a collective title given to few paintings of independent artists at the end of the 19th century. Artists related to Post Impressionism were Paul Cézanne, Paul Gauguin, Vincent Van Gogh and Georges Seurat.
  • Fauvism (1905-1910)

    Fauvism (1905-1910)
    Fauvsim Art is a French style of painting as they use outrageous bright colours which made it look joyful. It was created by Henri Matisse and André Derain at the beginning of the 20th century. The artists who painted in this style were known as 'Les Fauves' which means wild beasts in French.
  • German Expressionism (c.1905-1925)

    German Expressionism (c.1905-1925)
    German Expressionism is a type of art which is full of emotional and spiritual vision of the world. Known German Expressionism artist were Vincent Van Gogh and Edvard Munch. The Expressionist were divided into two parts. These parts were Die Bruke and Der Blaue Reiter.
  • Abstract Art (c.1907-present)

    Abstract Art (c.1907-present)
    Abstract Art is used to describes two different methods of abstraction. Those paart were 'semi abstraction' and 'pure abstraction'. The term 'abstract' means to remove part of something to consider it separately. In Abstract art that 'something'
  • Cubism (C.1907-1915)

    Cubism (C.1907-1915)
    Cubism is a style of art where the portrait is cut, analyzed and rearranged in an unusual form. It was invented by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque around 1907 in Paris. There are two parts of Cubism: Analytical and Synthetic Cubism.
  • Futurism (c.1909-1914)

    Futurism (c.1909-1914)
    Futurism focused on movement that showcased modernity. It was a revolutionary Italian style of art. Futurists portraits glorified industrialization, technology, and transport with the speed, noise and energy of urban life. Futurism artists were Umberto Boccioni, Giacomo Balla, Gino Severini, Luigi Russolo and Antonio Sant'Elia.
  • Constructivism (c.1913-1930)

    Constructivism (c.1913-1930)
    Constructivism Art used the same geometric style of Supermatism but unused its mystical vision. Artist associated with Constructivism were Tatlin, Rodchenko, El Lissitzky and Naum Gabo.
  • Suprematism (c.1915-1925)

    Suprematism (c.1915-1925)
    Suprematism was an abstract style which was a mystical approach to art. It was developed by Kazimir Malevich (a Russian artist) in 1915. Suprematism’s geometric style of abstract painting was obtained elements of Cubism and Futurism.
  • Dada (c.1916-1922)

    Dada (c.1916-1922)
    Dada wasn’t a style like Fauvism and Cubism. It is a form of art portrayed out of disgust for social, political and cultural establishment at that time of Europe’s descent into World War. Dadaism was ‘anti art’ as it was meant to destroy the artistic values of the past. This style was started in Zurich and spread as far as New York. Some of the best Dada artists were Marcel Duchamp, Raoul Hausmann, Jean Arp and Kurt Schwitters.
  • De Stijl (c.1917-1931)

    De Stijl (c.1917-1931)
    De Stijl Art was a Dutch style of ‘pure’ abstraction. It was created by Piet Mondrian, Theo Van Doesburg and Bart van der Leck.
  • Surrealism (c.1924-1939)

    Surrealism (c.1924-1939)
    Surrealism was the positive comeback to the negative movement of Dada. Its aim was to set free the artist's imagination by entering the unconscious mind to discover a 'superior' reality ('sur-reality'). To achieve this Surrealists drew images of dreams. Known Surrealism artists were Max Ernst, Joan Miró, Salvador Dali and René Magritte.
  • Abstract Expressionism (c.1946-1956)

    Abstract Expressionism (c.1946-1956)
    Abstract Expressionism also known as ‘Action Painting’ was the first American art style to exert an influence on a global scale. Some major artists were Willem de Kooning, Franz Kline, Barnet Newman and Clifford Still.
  • Pop Art (c.1954-1970)

     Pop Art (c.1954-1970)
    Pop Art was an art movement full of positivity. It was colorful, young, fun and hostile to the artistic establishment. It showed different styles of painting and sculpture from a lot of countries.
  • Minimalism (c.1960-1975)

    Minimalism (c.1960-1975)
    Minimalism was a style which used hard-edged forms and geometric gird structures. It was considered as a reaction against the emotionally charged techniques of Abstract Expressionism but also a further improved pure abstraction. Important contributors to Minimalism were Frank Stella, Don Judd, Robert Morris, John McCracken and Sol Le Witt.
  • Op Art (c.1964-1970)

    Op Art (c.1964-1970)
    Op Art is a style which was based on illusionistic effects of line, shape, pattern and colour. It is short for 'optical art'. It was emerged in the 1960's.