History of art

Developments in the Field of Art and Design

  • Jan 1, 1500

    Albrecht Durer

    Albrecht Durer
    One of the greates artists and printmakers of the Northern Renaissance, Albrecht Durer's career begins to flourish and lasts 20 years.
  • Jan 1, 1504

    The Statue David

    The Statue David
    Michelangelo completes the famous statue "David" in Florence, Italy.
  • Jan 1, 1506

    Mona Lisa

    Mona Lisa
    Considered one of the greatest paintings of the Renaissance, Leonardo DiVinci gives the world the Mona Lisa.
  • Jan 1, 1520

    Era of Mannerism

    Era of Mannerism
    Lasting from 1520-1600 the Mannerism period was a style of art depicting the human form in exaggeration and unrealistic settings. It connected High Renaissance and the Baroque eras.
  • Jan 1, 1530

    First Type Foundry

    First Type Foundry
    Claude Garamond starts up the first type foundry where he manufactures and sells fonts.
  • Jan 1, 1561

    Academy of Art in Florence

    Academy of Art in Florence
    The first European school of drawing is founded; the Accademia dell'Arte del Disegno (Academy of Art in Florence) promoting Academic Art.
  • Baroque Period

    Baroque Period
    Lasting from 1600-1700 the Baroque period is famous for its grandeur, boldness, and colorfulness.
  • Rococo Period

    Rococo Period
    Lasting only 70 years, the Rococo period was a whimsical and light style of art that illuminated the lifestyles of the wealthy French.
  • Porcelain Ceramics

    Porcelain Ceramics
    The discovery of a formula using feldspathic rock is developed by Ehrenfried von Tschirnhaus and Johann Friedrich Bottger in Meissen, Germany and they create porcelain ceramics
  • Caslon Old Style Font Developed

    Caslon Old Style Font Developed
    The font that was used to print the Declaration of Independence is created.
  • Neoclassicism Era

    Neoclassicism Era
    Neoclassicism lasted from 1750-1800. It began in revolt to the Rococo Era and French frivolity. It went back to the values of classic Greek and Roman times.
  • Industrial Revolution

    Industrial Revolution
    The Industrial Revolution was the book of machanics, and had a great impact on art and design.
  • Royal Academy of Arts of London

    Royal Academy of Arts of London
    The Royal Academy of Arts in London was founded. Originally it was purposed as a school of fine arts.
  • The Louvre

    The Louvre
    The Louvre Museum opened to the world. It houses some of the most famous art pieces in the world including the Mona Lisa and Venus de Milo. The Louvre is Frances national art museum as well as the most popular art museum in the world.
  • Invention of lithography

    Invention of lithography
    Author Aloys Senefelder develops a process of printing from a flat surface that has been treated to repel ink except in the areas that are to be printed.
  • Cast Iron Printing Press

    Cast Iron Printing Press
    The first printing press made from all cast-iron parts is invented by Lord Stanhope. This new press requires one tenth the manual labor and doubles the possible paper size.
  • Romanticism

    The era of Romanticism lasted 50 years and was inspired by the heroic ideals of the French Revolution.
  • Machine Made Paper

    Machine Made Paper
    Nicholas Louis Robert invents machine made paper that is made from linen and cotton rags.
  • Nazarenes Movement

    Nazarenes Movement
    Friedrich Overbeck and Franz Pforr form the Nazarenes movement in order to bring honesty and spiriuality back in Christian art.
  • Paint Tubes

    Paint Tubes
    Painter John Rand invents the collapsible tine paint tube giving new freedoms to artists everywhere and boosting plein air painting.
  • Realism

    The progressive movement of Realism emerges in order to depict everyday social truths.
  • Photolithography

    The process of using light to create a pattern or image in order to print, was invented by Firmin Gillot.
  • William Morris Sets Up His First Art-decorating Firm

    William Morris Sets Up His First Art-decorating Firm
    William Morris was a leading member of the Arts and Crafts Movement. He was also an artist, designer, printer, typographer, bookbinder, craftsmen, poet, and writer.
  • French Impressionism

    French Impressionism
    The era of French Impressionism begins with the works of famed artists such as Monet, Renoir, Pissarro, and Sisley. It was a time where they focused on the light outside.
  • Halftone

    The development of the halftone screen gives way for the first photo to be printed with a wide array of tones.
  • Post-Impressionism

    This period was led by the greats such as Toulouse-Lautrec, and Van Gough.
  • Art Nouveau & Secession

    Art Nouveau & Secession
    These two movements saught out to break away from the traditions mandated by the official academies and to unite all the fine arts, they stirred up a lot of controversy.
  • Cubism

    Picasso and Braque begin the revolution of Cubism where they overturn conventional ideas of perspective and form.
  • Bauhaus is Founded

    Bauhaus is Founded
    The German School of Bauhaus is founded. This was a huge development in design. They intergrated art, technology, and craftsmanship and generated a new design philosophy.
  • Surrealism

    This movement was inspired by Cubism, Dada, Freud and Communist philosophy and led by greats like Salvador Dali in order to fuse the conscious with the uncounscious.
  • Magazine

    The first issue of a Magazine is printed.
  • Pop Art

    Pop Art
    Greats like Andy Warhol pioneered pop art; A movement where they made ani-art. Warhol is famous for saying that he did not have a studio but an art warehouse. They focused on mass production and they focused on pointing out the dependence society had on things such as consumerism.
  • Helvetica

    Max Miedinger designs Helvetica. A revolutionary Sans Serif font that is still celebrated and used today. It is seen in everything from public signs to logo design.
  • Computer Mouse

    Computer Mouse
    Douglas Engelbart develops the first computer mouse, paving way for the future tool of graphic designers everywhere.
  • Bitmap Graphics

    Bitmap Graphics
    Apple releases its first Macintosh computer that has bitmap graphics.
  • Desktop Publishing

    Desktop Publishing
    With the development of Aldus PageMaker software and Apple's LaserWriter desktop printer using a postscript language, desktop publishing begins
  • Photoshop

    Photoshop 1.0 is released by Adobe. This program is a standard for editing photos and is widely used by graphic designers and photographers everywhere.
  • The World Wide Web

    The World Wide Web
    Arguably the greatest invention in history, Tim Berners-Lee develops the World Wide Web, HTML, and the concept for web addresses
  • Social Media

    Social Media
    The begining of social media came about bringing in all new ways to market and connect to other people with similar interesrt.