Art 1940-2000

  • Joseph Beuys born

    Joseph Beuys born
    German born Conceptualist
  • Period: to

    Richard Hamilton (Pop artist)

  • Period: to

    Roy Lichtenstein (Pop artist)

  • Period: to

    Donald Judd (Minimalist)

  • Period: to

    Andy Warhol (Pop artist)

  • Bridget Riley born

    Bridget Riley born
    British Op artist
  • Carl Andre born (age 82)

    Carl Andre born (age 82)
  • Period: to

    Robert Smithon

    Catalyst artist for Land Art
  • Period: to

    Robert Smithson

    Catalyst artist for Land Art
  • Period: to

    World War II

    The war pushed French modernists out of France for fear of persecution or in solidarity with French Jews. They went to American which became the new center for Modern art.
  • Breton, Ernst and Chagall arrive in New York

    Breton, Ernst and Chagall arrive in New York
    The American Abstract Expressionists such as Pollock and Rothko were highly influenced by these Surrealist painters and their techniques. In this year Pollock and Rothko experiment with 'automatism'
  • Japanese Bomb Pearl Harbour

    Japanese Bomb Pearl Harbour
  • Pollock's first solo exhibition

    Pollock's first solo exhibition
    Held at the 'Art of this Century Gallery' in New York
  • Richard Long born

    Richard Long born
    British Land artist
  • Atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima

    Atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima
    This changed ideas about traditionalism in art. Artists began looking for a new language to express a new time
  • Arshile Gorky commits suicide

    Arshile Gorky commits suicide
    As many of the Abstract Expressionists, Gorky commited suicide after a long term battle with depression
  • Barnett Newman begins to make colour field paintings

    Barnett Newman begins to make colour field paintings
    Preceded Rothko in this technique
  • Francis Bacon begins using photographic source material

    Francis Bacon begins using photographic source material
  • Rise of McCarthyism in USA

    Rise of McCarthyism in USA
    Senator McCarthy began the investigations into alleged attempts by the Communist governments (USSR, China) to infiltrate the US government. Lead to mass fear of Communism and the Cold War.
  • Influenced by a series of photographs taken by Hans Namuth of Jackson Pollock’s process

    Influenced by a series of photographs taken by Hans Namuth of Jackson Pollock’s process
    process rather than product
  • Exhibition: 'Abstract Painting and Sculpture in America' MOMA, New York

    Exhibition: 'Abstract Painting and Sculpture in America' MOMA, New York
  • Critic Harold Rosenberg coins the term 'action painting'

    Critic Harold Rosenberg coins the term 'action painting'
  • Death of Henri Matisse

    Death of Henri Matisse
    Originator of Fauvism and, along with Picasso, perceived to be one of the fathers of Modern Art.
  • Exhibition: 'This is Tomorrow', Whitechapel Gallery, London

    Exhibition: 'This is Tomorrow', Whitechapel Gallery, London
    First exhibition of Pop Art.
  • Exhibition: 'New American Painting', MOMA, New York

    Exhibition: 'New American Painting', MOMA, New York
  • Rothko creates Seagram Murals

    Rothko creates Seagram Murals
  • Fidel Castro takes over in Cuba

    Fidel Castro takes over in Cuba
  • Exhibition: Sixteen Americans at the MOMa

    Exhibition: Sixteen Americans at the MOMa
    This is where Frank Stella's Black Paintings were exhibited
  • Berlin wall constructed

    Berlin wall constructed
  • Hockney paints We Two Boys Together Clinging

    Hockney paints We Two Boys Together Clinging
  • Lichtenstein paints works based on comic book art

    Lichtenstein paints works based on comic book art
  • Warhol paints Marilyn Diptych

    Warhol paints Marilyn Diptych
  • Donald Judd 'Specific Objects' series

    Donald Judd 'Specific Objects' series
  • President Kennedy assassinated

    President Kennedy assassinated
  • Period: to

    Frank Stella (minimalist)

  • 'Op art' term coined in 'Time' magazine

    'Op art' term coined in 'Time' magazine
    The term Op art was used in ‘Time’ magazine to describe the new style of art that created optical effects
  • Current - Bridget Riley

    Current - Bridget Riley
    Medium: synthetic polymer paint on composition board
    Dimensions: 148 cm x 149.5 cm
    Location: MoMA, New York City
  • First Warhol retrospective at the ICA, London

    First Warhol retrospective at the ICA, London
  • Exhibition: The Responsive Eye, MOMA

    Exhibition: The Responsive Eye, MOMA
    Included works by Riley, Vasarely and Albers
    Critics condemned the work for being full of gimmicky visual tricks
    Due to the 1960s fashions, Op art images were popular and used in many commercial contexts e.g. print, television, advertising, graphics, fashion and interior design
    However, it was never as internationally renowned/widely accepted as Pop art
  • How to Explain Pictures to a Dead Hare

    How to Explain Pictures to a Dead Hare
    Artist viewed through gallery window
    Face covered with honey and gold leaf, an iron slab attached to his boot
    In his arms he cradled a dead hare, mumbling ‘explanations’ to it for drawings lining the war
    Honey = production of bees, ideal society of warmth and brotherhood
  • Carl Andre creates his 'Equivalents' series

    Carl Andre creates his 'Equivalents' series
  • A Line Made by Walking

    A Line Made by Walking
    Early work of Land Art / Performance art
  • Gilbert and George met at St Martins School of Art

    Gilbert and George met at St Martins School of Art
    artistic partnership over 4 decades
  • Martin Luther King JR assassinated

    Martin Luther King JR assassinated
  • Earthworks exhibition at the Dwan Gallery

    Earthworks exhibition at the Dwan Gallery
    First exhibition of Land Art
  • Death of Marcel Duchamp

    Death of Marcel Duchamp
    Conceptual artists' were highly influenced by Fountain (1917)
  • Neil Armstrong first man on moon

    Neil Armstrong first man on moon
  • Singing Sculpture

    Singing Sculpture
    Consists of artists singing along to a record of the 1930s music hall song ‘Underneath the Arches’ while standing on top of a table, wearing tweed suits and using a glove and a plastic walking stick as props. Their faces were painted bronze.
    The song’s lyrics tell the story of a homeless man in london who sleeps under the arches of a railway bridge
    The piece was first performed under a london railway bridge but was received as a sensation in many european cities
  • Spiral Jetty

    Spiral Jetty
    Monumental work of Land art
  • First Earth Day

    First Earth Day
    Land art was in response to the rise of the environmentalist movement in the 1970s
  • Pablo Picasso dies

    Pablo Picasso dies
  • Sex Pistols first perform in London

    Sex Pistols first perform in London
  • Vietnam War

    Vietnam War
    Land Art responded to this crisis - ended 1975
  • Tate Modern buys Andre's 'Equivalents' series

    Tate Modern buys Andre's 'Equivalents' series
  • Running Fence constructed

    Running Fence constructed
    Began planning in 1972, the work was created through huge collective efforts
  • Margaret Thatcher becomes prime minister

    Margaret Thatcher becomes prime minister
  • Donald Judd 'Untitled (Stack)'

    Donald Judd 'Untitled (Stack)'