The History of African Americans

  • Crispus Attucks dies in the Boston Massacre

    Crispus Attucks dies in the Boston Massacre
    Crispus Attucks is known to be the first to fall during the Boston Massacre.
  • Fugitive Slave Law

    Fugitive Slave Law
    Required all states, including those that forbid slavery, to forcibly return slaves who have escaped from other states to their original owners.
  • Nat Turners Rebellion

    Nat Turners Rebellion
    A slave named Nat Turner and a group of followers killed some sixty white men, women, and children in Southhampton County, Virginia.Turner and 16 of his conspirators were captured and executed, but the incident continued to haunt Southern whites. Blacks were randomly killed all over Southhampton County.
  • Amistad Revolt

    Amistad Revolt
    53 African natives were kiddnapped from eastern Africa and sold into the Spanish slave trade.
  • Fugitive Slave Act

    Fugitive Slave Act
    The government could pursue runaway slaves in any state or territory, and ensure slave owners of their property rights
  • Scott vs Sanford

    Scott vs Sanford
    The Supreme Court ruled that Americans of African descent, whether free or slave, were not American citizens and could not sue in federal court.
  • John Browns Raid

    John Browns Raid
    John Browns a white abolitionist started an armed slave revolt by seizing a United States arsenal at Harpers Ferry, Virginia
  • SC secedes from the Union

    SC secedes from the Union
    After Lincolns win, submitted their resignations to seced from the Union. They were the first state to seced and the start of other states also seceding.
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Emancipation Proclamation
    The proclamation declared "that all persons held as slaves" within the rebellious states "are, and henceforward shall be free."
  • Assassination of Lincoln

    Assassination of Lincoln
    Abraham Lincoln was shot on Good Friday while attending the play Our American Cousin at Ford's Theatre as the American Civil War was drawing to a close.
  • 13th Amendment

    13th Amendment
    Abolished slavery and involuntary servitude, except as punishment for a crime.
  • End of Civil War

    End of Civil War
    Conflict over issues of how much control the federal government should have over the states, industrialization, trade, and especially slavery had increased tension between Northern and Southern states.General Robert E. Lee's surrender brought on the end of the Civil War in April. President Andrew Johnson formally declared the end of the war on August 20, 1866.
  • 14th Amendment

    14th Amendment
    Granted citizenship to “all persons born or naturalized in the United States,” which included former slaves recently freed.
  • 15th Amendment

    15th Amendment
    In the US Constitition prohibits the federal and state governments from denying a citizen the right to vote based on that citizen's "race, color, or previous condition of servitude".
  • Plessy vs Ferguson

    Plessy vs Ferguson
    Homer Plessy was jailed for sitting in the "White" car of the East Louisiana Railroad. Plessy could easily pass for white but under Louisiana law, he was considered black despite his light complexion and therefore required to sit in the "Colored" car.
  • Wilmington, NC Riot

    Wilmington, NC Riot
    A coalition of predominately white Populists and black Republicans defeated the Democrats in 1896, and won political control of the state, Democrats vowed revenge. Newspaper editors had tensions from stories written in response and the riot broke out. Many blacks were killed and thrown in the river or ran out the town of Wilmington.
  • Rosewood Massacre

    Rosewood Massacre
    A white woman fasley accused a black man of rape, sending her husband and a mob looking for this man. Innocent blacks were ynched, injured and kill due to this massacre destroying the town of Rosewood.
  • Scottsboro Boys

    Scottsboro Boys
    Nine black teenagers accused of rape in Alabama on a train to find work. A fight broke out between a group of black and white hobos, and the whites were thrown off the train.Dozens of armed men rounded up nine black youths and took them to jail. The all-white jury convicted the nine, and all but the youngest, who was 12 years old, were sentenced to death.
  • Mc Laurin vs Oklahoma

    Mc Laurin vs Oklahoma
    The University of Oklahoma denied George W. McLaurin admission to its graduate program in education, citing the segregation statute, which made it a misdemeanor to operate a school where both blacks and whites were taught.
  • Sweatt vs Painter

    Sweatt vs Painter
    This case successfully challenged the "separate but equal" doctrine of racial segregation established by the 1896 case Plessy v. Ferguson.
  • Brown vs Board

    Brown vs Board
    Brown vs Board unanimously held that the racial segregation of children in public schools violated the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment.
  • Death of Emmett Till

    Death of Emmett Till
    A 14 year old boy from Chicago was murdered from flirting with a white woman while visiting his relatives in Mississippi.
  • Little Rock 9

    Little Rock 9
    A group of African American students enrolled in Little Rock Central High School.
  • Ruby Bridges

    Ruby Bridges
    Ruby is known for being the first black child to attend an all-white elementary school in the South.
  • James Meredith

    James Meredith
    James Meredith was the first African American to enrolled at the University of Mississippi.
  • March on Washington

    March on Washington
    more than 200,000 Americans gathered in Washington, D.C., for a political rally for Jobs and Freedom.
  • 16th St. Church Bombing

    16th St. Church Bombing
    The 16th Street baptist Church predominately black, was bombed as a act from a white supremacist terrorism. The explosion killed for young girls and injured many others.
  • Assassination of Malcolm X

    Assassination of Malcolm X
    Malcolm was preparing to address the Organization of Afro-AmericanUnity in Manhattan when a disturbance broke out. 3 men shot Malcolm 21 times and he was pronounced dead shortly after arriving to the hospital,
  • March on Selma

    March on Selma
    MLK led thousands of nonviolent demonstrators to Montgomery, Alabama on a campain to eliminate African-American disenfranchisement in Alabama.
  • Voting Right Act

    Voting Right Act
    The voting right act aimed to overcome legal barriers at the state and local levels that prevented African Americans from exercising their right to vote under the 15th Amendment to the Constitution of the United States.
  • Watts Riot

    Watts Riot
    A Los Angeles police officer pulled over motorist Marquette Frye and his brother for suspection of him driving drunk. Police arrested the brothers and thier mother, other officers had arrived on the scene and had hit the brothers with their batons. Tensions grew and the crowd escalated and sparked the riots, which lasted 6 days.
  • Orangeburg Massacre

    Orangeburg Massacre
    After tension over efforts by S.C. State College students and others to desegrate the All Star Bowling Lanes, 3 students were killed and 27 others were wounded.
  • Assassination of MLK Jr

    Assassination of MLK Jr
    MLK Jr was standing outside on the motels balcony when he was struck with a bullet entering his right cheek.
  • Arrest of Angela Davis

    Arrest of Angela Davis
    Angela had been arrest by FBI after being on the run for two months to avoid proscecution of kidnapping and murder.
  • Congressional Hearings end for Tuskegee Study

    Congressional Hearings end for Tuskegee Study
    Led to a total overhaul of the Health, Education and Welfare rules concerning work with human subjects.
  • Lucy discovered

    Lucy discovered
    A 3.18 million year old hominid skeleton "Lucy" remains were found
  • ROOTS was published

    ROOTS was published
    A novel published by Alex Haley telling the story of his 18th century African ancesters journey to American and their life as a slave.
  • Beating of Rodney King

    Beating of Rodney King
    King sent police on a high speed chase wanting to not get charged with a DWI. After being cornered by police King was forced out the car, tased and severly beaten by 5 police officers with batons.
  • Barack Obama becomes 1st black president

    Barack Obama becomes 1st black president
    Barack Obama became the 44th U.S. president, and the first African American elected to the White House.