The French Revolution and Napoleon

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    National Constituent Assembly

    The Assembly took many measures that profoundly changed the political and social situation of the country. The French National Constituent Assembly approved the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, becoming a fundamental legacy of the French Revolution.
  • Formal opening of the Estates General

    Formal opening of the Estates General
    They met in Versailles for the purpose of solving financial problems. The Plain State called for radical political reforms, directing these demands through the “Cuadernos de Quejas".
  • Tennis Court Oath

    Tennis Court Oath
    On June 20, 1789, the deputies of the newly formed Assembly met in the meeting room of the Hôtel des Menus-Plaisirs in Versailles, they found the doors locked and guarded by royal troops. The National Assembly went to a room that was available and nearby, one of the indoor tennis courts of Versailles. Once there, 577 deputies swore an oath, in which was written by Emmanuel Sieyès and administered by Jean-Sylvain Bailly.
  • Storming of the Bastille

    Storming of the Bastille
    The Bastille is a fortress but it became a French state prison and a place where important people accused of committing a crime went. At the hands of the revolutionaries, the Old Regime ended and the French Revolution began. The taking of the Bastille took place because a people was dissatisfied with the bad prevailing conditions and an army rose up against Louis XVI and his representatives.
  • The August Decrees

    The August Decrees
    The Assembly suspended feudal rights and serfdom, canceling feudal rights, the church tithe, and tax exemptions for clergy and nobility. Suspends the rights and privileges of the first estates, nobility and clergy, cities, provinces and associations.
  • The Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen

    The Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen
    The rights of man and of the citizen grant specific freedoms against slavery, as an expression of the general will. "Natural and imprescriptible" rights such as freedom, property, security and resistance to slavery are defended. It also recognizes the equality of all citizens with the law and justice.
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    Legislative Assembly

    The Legislative Assembly met for the first time on October 1, 1791, degenerating into chaos a year later. It was made up of 264 deputies located on the right: feuillants and Girondins, republican spokesmen for the big bourgeoisie.
  • The Flight to Varennes

    The Flight to Varennes
    The royal family of France had a decline in authority, the monarch Louis XVI and his wife and children failed in the attempt to escape abroad. The monarch Louis XVI had to accept the decrees of the Constituent Assembly, without rejecting them or preventing their application. From the autumn of that year some French aristocrats, with foreign diplomats, began to plan the release of the royal family and their flight abroad.
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    National Convention

    National Convention was the main institution of the First French Republic. It was an assembly that concentrated the executive and legislative powers of the State for 2 years. During the Convention the Republic was proclaimed in September 1792, and in January the execution of Louis XVI was ordered. The founder was the National Legislative Assembly.
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    1st French Republic

    The French Republic was the name given to certain parliamentary and republican regimes that took place between September 21, 1792 and May 18, 1804, during the French Revolution. The first holder was Napoleon Bonaparte. Napoleon Bonaparte's coup, initially intended to end the corruption of the previous government and favor the interests of the new republican bourgeoisie, led him to receive the title of Emperor of France.
  • The Assembly declares war on Austria

    The Assembly declares war on Austria
    When Austria and Prussia invade French territories, France declares war on Austria, then joined by Prussia, Great Britain, Spain, and other states. The first coordinated effort of the European monarchies to contain the French Revolution, and after 3 years France made peace with Prussia.
  • Storming of the Tuileries Palace

    Storming of the Tuileries Palace
    On August 10, 1972, the dans-culottes stormed the Tuileries Palace. The king at that time left his opposition to the French revolution in writing, he tried by all means to make it fail. The storming of the Tuileries Palace was a defining moment of the French Revolution in which armed revolutionaries from Paris invaded the residence of King Louis XVI of France, who reigned for 18 years.
  • Execution of Louis XVI

    Execution of Louis XVI
    King Louis XVI was sentenced to death by guillotine by the revolutionary government, found guilty of conspiring against public liberty and attacking national security. He was taken to the Plaza de la Revolucion, where he was executed, and energetically refused to have his hands tied behind his back.
  • Execution of Robespierre

    Execution of Robespierre
    Robespierre was a French lawyer who became one of the leaders of the French Revolution. On July 27 he and many of his followers were arrested at the Hôtel de Ville in Paris. On July 28, 1794, they took him to the Place de la Révolution and he was beheaded for two things, one was a party and people thought that he aspired to dictatorship and another was that he made the powerful leaders fear for their lives.
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    The directory was the penultimate form of government adopted by the First French Republic, during the French Revolution. It had two legislative chambers, the Council of the Ancients and the Council of 500, and the executive power was in the hands of five Directors.
    Napoleon Bonaparte carries out a coup, which ended with the Directory.
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    The Napoleonic Era

    In 1804 Napoleon was emperor, he had to restore peace with Europe and disappear the taxes paid to the feudal. He conquered Portugal and named his brother king of Spain after winning the application of Ferdinand VII. He attacked Russia after breaking their alliance, kept the title of emperor and was given the government of Elba Island, ended up going to that island, tried to regain power but fell in the battle of Waterloo.
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    The Consulate

    The Consulate was the government institution in France after the fall of the Directory, after the coup d'état led by Napoleon Bonaparte, a new constitution was disseminated that established an executive branch made up of three consuls for 10 years, but all power was concentrated in the first consul, until the beginning of the Napoleonic Empire in 1804.
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    The Empire

    The First French Empire was the monarchical government established by Napoleon Bonaparte after the dissolution of the First French Republic in 1804. During the First French Empire, the Napoleonic Wars took place, under the command of Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte.
  • Battle of Trafalgar

    Battle of Trafalgar
    The Battle of Trafalgar was a naval battle, within the framework of the third coalition initiated by the United Kingdom, Austria, Russia, Naples and Sweden to try to defeat Napoleon Bonaparte from the imperial throne and dissolve the existing French military influence in Europe. It was at Cape Trafalgar. It was a decisive British victory.
  • Battle of Austerlitz

    Battle of Austerlitz
    The Battle of Austerlitz, pitted a French army led by Emperor Napoleon I against the combined Russo-Austrian forces of Russian Tsar Alexander I and Austrian Emperor Francis I. It was one of Napoleon Bonaparte's greatest victories. Thanks to this battle, he managed to break the coalition that had formed against him and open the door to almost a decade of French hegemony in Europe. It took place in Slavkov u Brna, Holy Roman Empire.
  • Battle of Leipzig

    Battle of Leipzig
    This battle was the largest armed confrontation of all the Napoleonic Wars and the most important battle lost by Napoleon Bonaparte. There were 4 days of combat, Napoleon ordered his withdrawal, but his entire rear guard fell into the hands of his enemies. The countries that participated were the United Kingdom, Russia, Spain, Portugal, Sweden, Austria, Prussia and some small German states.
  • Battle of Waterloo

    Battle of Waterloo
    The Battle of Waterloo was a battle in the vicinity of Waterloo, Belgium, in which the French army, led by Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte, faced British, Dutch and German troops, led by the Duke of Wellington, and the army Prussian. Napoleon lost the battle due to lack of coordination between the various Napoleonic units and questionable strategic decisions.