The Fall of the Roman Republic

  • Period: 753 BCE to 510 BCE

    The Seven Kings of Rome

  • 750 BCE

    Romulus

  • 717 BCE

    Numa Pompilius

  • 673 BCE

    Tullus Hostilius

  • 642 BCE

    Ancus Marcius

  • 616 BCE

    Lucius Tarquinius Priscus

  • 578 BCE

    Servius Tullius

  • 535 BCE

    Lucius Tarquinius Superbus

  • 510 BCE

    Roman Republic is established

  • Period: 157 BCE to 86 BCE

    C. Marius

  • Period: 138 BCE to 78 BCE

    L. Cornelius Sulla

  • Period: 115 BCE to 53 BCE

    M. Licinius Crassus

    Consul 70 and 55 BC)
    - Extremely wealthy
    - Becomes one of the most influential political figures
    * Spartacus
    - Part of the first Triumvirate
    - Dies during warfare
    * Balance of Triumvirate is off, Caesar and Pompeii start to clash
  • Period: 106 BCE to 48 BCE

    Cn. Pompeius Magnus

    Consul (70, 55, and 52 BC)
    - Famous Roman general
    - Becomes one of the most influential political figures
    - Triumvirate
    - Marries Caesar's daughter, Julia
    * Julia dies while Caesar is in Gaul
    * Last connection between P&C
    - Is lured to the Optimates
    - Fights Caesar at the battle of Pharsalus (48 BC)
    * Loses
    - Is killed by little kid Ptolemy, Cleopatra's lil bro (48 BC)
    * Caesar is very upset
  • Period: 106 BCE to 43 BCE

    M. Tullius Cicero

    Consul (63 BC)
    - Famous orator
    - Optimates
    - Novus Homo
  • Period: 100 BCE to 44 BCE

    C. Julius Caesar

    Consul (59, 48, 46, 44 BC); Dictator (49, 48-44 BC); Pontifex Maximus (63-44 BC); Tribune (49 BC)
    - Famous General and Very Good Orator
    - Populares
    - Triumvirate
  • Period: 89 BCE to 12 BCE

    M. Aemilius Lepidus

    Consul (46, 44 BC); Pontifex Maximus (43-12 BC)
    - Part of Second Triumvirate
    - Extremely wealthy
    - Least influential member of 2nd triumvirate
    - Unhappy with power, tries to take over Sicily
    * Octavian defeats him and takes away his power in North Africa
  • Period: 83 BCE to 30 BCE

    M. Antonius (Mark Antony)

  • Period: 69 BCE to 30 BCE

    Cleopatra VII

  • Period: 63 BCE to 14

    C. Octavius - Julius Caesar Octavianus - Augustus

    Consul (43, 33, 31-23 BC); proconsular imperium (27 BC-life); Tribune (27 BC-life); Pontifex Maximus (12 BC-life); pater patriae [father of the country] (2 BC-life); Pantheon of Gods (14 AD)
    - 19 years old at Caesars death
    - Defeats Antony at the Battle of Mutina
    - Second Triumvirate
    - Defeats conspirators at Philippi
    * Avenges Caesar
    - Civil War with Mark Antony
    * Defeats Antony at Actium
    - Becomes first Emperor of Rome
  • Period: 63 BCE to 12 BCE

    V. Vispanius Agripa

    Consul (37, 27, 20)
    - Augustus's right hand man
    - Great military tactician
  • Period: 59 BCE to 53 BCE

    The First Triumvirate

  • 48 BCE

    The Battle of Pharsalus

  • 44 BCE

    Caesar is assassinated in the Senate

  • 44 BCE

    Cicero's Philippics

  • 43 BCE

    The Battle of Mutina

  • Period: 43 BCE to 33 BCE

    The Second Triumvirate

  • 42 BCE

    The Battle of Philippi

  • 40 BCE

    Treaty of Brundisium

  • 40 BCE

    Antony marries Octavia

  • 31 BCE

    The Battle of Actium

  • 18 BCE

    Marriage Laws put in place by Augustus

  • 17 BCE

    The Secular Games ushers in new 'Golden Era of Augustus'