The Evolution of Traditional Media and New Media

  • 1976 BCE

    Apple I

    Apple I
    Apple Computer 1, also known later as the Apple I, or Apple-1, is a desktop computer released by the Apple Computer Company (now Apple Inc.) in 1976. It was designed and hand-built by Steve Wozniak.The idea of selling the computer came from Wozniak's friend Steve Jobs.The Apple I was Apple's first product, and to finance its creation, Jobs sold his only motorized means of transportation, a VW Microbus, for a few hundred dollars, and Steve Wozniak sold his HP-65 calculator for $500.
  • Period: 1930 BCE to 1980 BCE

    ELECTRONIC AGE (1930S – 1980S)

    The invention of the transistor ushered in the
    electronic age. People harnessed the power of
    transistor that led to the transistor radio, electronic
    circuits, and the early computers. In this , long distance
    communication become more efficient.
  • 130

    Acta Diurma in Rome (130 BC)

    Acta Diurma in Rome (130 BC)
    “Daily Acts” or “Daily Public
    Records”. First newspaper. Carved on stone or metal and
    presented in message boards in public
  • 220

    Printing Press using wood blocks (220 AD)

    Printing Press using wood blocks (220 AD)
    Woodblock printing is a
    technique for printing text, images
    or patterns.
  • Newspaper-The London Gazette (1640)

    Newspaper-The London Gazette (1640)
    is one of the official
    journals of record of the
    British government.
  • Period: to

    Pre-Industrial Ages (Before 1700s)

    Peoples discovered fire, developed paper
    from plants, and forged weapons and
    tools with stone, bronze, copper and
  • Period: to

    INDUSTRIAL AGES (1700S-1930S)

    Peoples used the power of steam, developed machine
    tools, established iron production, and the
    manufacturing of various product (including books
    through the printing press).
  • Typewriter (1800)

    Typewriter (1800)
    *A typewriter is a mechanical or electromechanical machine for writing characters similar to those produced by printer's movable type. A typewriter operates by means of keys that strike a ribbon to transmit ink or carbon impressions onto paper. Typically, a single character is printed on each key press.
    *The first typewriter to be commercially successful was invented in 1868 by Americans Christopher Latham Sholes, Frank Haven Hall, Carlos Glidden and Samuel W. Soule in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.
  • Telegraph

    *Developed in the 1830s and 1840s by Samuel Morse (1791-1872) and other inventors, the telegraph revolutionized long-distance communication. It worked by transmitting electrical signals over a wire laid between stations
    *Revolutionized long-
    distance communication.
    * It worked by transmitting
    electrical signals over a
    wire laid between stations.
  • Telephone (1876)

    Telephone (1876)
    *Alexander Graham Bell’s
    Large Box Telephone,
    *Apparatus for
    transmitting vocal or
    other sounds
  • Motion Pictures Photography/Projection (1890)

    Motion Pictures Photography/Projection (1890)
    Motion picture, also called film or movie, series of still photographs on film, projected in rapid succession onto a screen by means of light. Because of the optical phenomenon known as persistence of vision, this gives the illusion of actual, smooth, and continuous movement.
  • Punch Cards

    Punch Cards
    *A card perforated according to a code, for controlling the operation of a machine, used in voting machines and formerly in programming and entering data into computers.
    *Was first used for vital statistics tabulation by the New York City Board of Health and several states.
  • Web Browser

    Web Browser
    A web browser (commonly referred to as a browser) is a software application for accessing information on the World Wide Web. When a user requests a particular website, the web browser retrieves the necessary content from a web server and then displays the resulting web page on the user's device.
  • Blogs

    A discussion or informational website published on the World Wide Web consisting of discrete, often informal diary-style text entries (posts). Posts are typically displayed in reverse chronological order, so that the most recent post appears first, at the top of the web page.
  • Period: to

    INFORMATION AGE (1900S – 2000S)

    *The Internet paved the way for faster communication and the
    creation of the social network.
    * People advanced the use of microelectronics with the invention
    of personal computers, mobile devices, and wearable
    * Moreover, voice, image, sound and data are digitalized. We are
    now living in the information age.
  • Commercial Motion Pictures w/ sound (1913)

    Commercial Motion Pictures w/ sound (1913)
    A sound film is a
    motion picture with
    synchronized sound
  • Television (1941)

    Television (1941)
    Is a telecommunication medium used for transmitting moving images in monochrome (black-and-white), or in color, and in two or three dimensions and sound.
  • Large Electronic Computers

    Large Electronic Computers
    *John William Mauchly and J. Presper Eckert are the scientists credited with the invention of the Electronic Numerical Integrator the first general-purpose electronic digital computer, which was completed in 1946.
    *It was something less than the dream of a universal computer. Designed for the specific purpose of computing values for artillery range tables, it lacked some features that would have made it a more generally useful machine.
  • Augmented Reality

    Augmented Reality
    a technology that superimposes a computer-generated image on a user's view of the real world, thus providing a composite view.
  • Virtual Reality

    Virtual Reality
    The English translation of this book, published in 1958 as The Theater and its Double, is the earliest published use of the term "virtual reality". The term "artificial reality", coined by Myron Krueger, has been in use since the 1970s.
  • Mainframe Computers

    Mainframe Computers
    the world’s first mass
    produced computer to
    feature floating point
    arithmetic hardware.
  • Personal Computer

    Personal Computer
    In the early part of the 1980s, the dominant microprocessors used in home computers were the 8-bit MOS Technology 6502 (Apple, Commodore, Atari, BBC Micro) and Zilog Z80 (TRS-80, ZX81, ZX Spectrum, Commodore 128, Amstrad CPC).
  • Laptop

    A laptop computer (also shortened to just laptop; or called a notebook computer) is a small, portable personal computer (PC) with a "clamshell" form factor, typically having a thin LCD or LED computer screen mounted on the inside of the upper lid of the clamshell and an alphanumeric keyboard on the inside of the lower lid.
  • Printing Press for mass production (19th Century)

    Printing Press for mass production (19th Century)
    is a device for applying
    pressure to an inked
    surface resting upon a
    print medium (such as
    paper or cloth), thereby
    transferring the ink.
  • Smartphones

    The first commercially available device that could be properly referred to as a "smartphone" began as a prototype called "Angler" developed by Canova in 1992 while at IBM and demonstrated in November of that year at the COMDEX computer industry trade show.
  • Mosaic

    *Marc Andreessen, the leader of the team that developed Mosaic, left NCSA and, with James H. Clark, one of the founders of Silicon Graphics, Inc. (SGI), and four other former students and staff of the University of Illinois, started Mosaic Communications Corporation.
    *The first multimedia browser for the Web, allowing text, images, sound and video to be accessed via a graphical user interface.
  • Tablet

    A tablet, commonly shortened to tablet, is a mobile device, typically with a mobile operating system and touchscreen display processing circuitry, and a rechargeable battery in a single, thin and flat package.
  • Internet Explorer

    Internet Explorer
    Internet Explorer is a series of graphical web browsers developed by Microsoft and included in the Microsoft Windows line of operating systems, starting in 1995. It was first released as part of the add-on package Plus! for Windows 95 that year.
  • Yahoo

    Yahoo! (/ˈjɑːhuː/)is an American web services provider headquartered in Sunnyvale, California, and owned by Verizon Media. The original Yahoo! company was founded by Jerry Yang and David Filo in January 1994 and was incorporated on March 2, 1995.
  • Google

    Google is an American multinational technology company that specializes in Internet-related services and products, which include online advertising technologies, search engine, cloud computing, software, and hardware. It is considered one of the Big Four technology companies, alongside Amazon, Apple, and Facebook.
  • Blogspot

    Blogger is a blog-publishing service that allows multi-user blogs with time-stamped entries. It was developed by Pyra Labs, which was bought by Google in 2003. The blogs are hosted by Google and generally accessed from a subdomain of
  • LiveJournal (1999)

    LiveJournal (1999)
    LiveJournal is an online community, a social network, and a place for self-expression. We strive to create an environment where you can connect with others, share your thoughts, and be yourself. Our core values guide us to protect and cultivate that community.
  • Friendster

    Friendster was a U.S. social networking site based in Mountain View, CA, founded in 2003 by Jonathan Abrams. The company was sold in 2015 and became a social gaming site based in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. It was originally a social networking service website.
  • Wordpress

    ( is a content management system (CMS) based on PHP and MySQL that is usually used with the MySQL or MariaDB database servers but can also use the SQLite database engine. WordPress was released on May 27, 2003, by its founders, Matt Mullenweg and Mike Little, as a fork of b2/cafelog.
  • Multiply

    Multiply was a social networking service with an emphasis on allowing users to share media – such as photos, videos and blog entries – with their "real-world" network. The website was launched in March 2004 and was privately held with backing by VantagePoint Venture Partners, Point Judith Capital, Transcosmos, and private investors.
  • Skype

    Skype (/skaɪp/) is a telecommunications application that specializes in providing video chat and voice calls between computers, tablets, mobile devices, the Xbox One console, and smartwatches via the Internet. Skype also provides instant messaging services. Users may transmit text, video, audio and images. Skype allows video conference calls.
  • Facebook

    Facebook, Inc. is an American online social media and social networking service company based in Menlo Park, California. It was founded by Mark Zuckerberg, along with fellow Harvard College students and roommates Eduardo Saverin, Andrew McCollum, Dustin Moskovitz and Chris Hughes.
  • Youtube

    YouTube is an American video-sharing platform headquartered in San Bruno, California. Three former PayPal employees—Chad Hurley, Steve Chen, and Jawed Karim—created the service in February 2005.
  • Twitter

    Twitter (/ˈtwɪtər/) is an American microblogging and social networking service on which users post and interact with messages known as "tweets". Tweets were originally restricted to 140 characters, but on November 7, 2017, this limit was doubled to 280 for all languages except Chinese, Japanese, and Korean.
  • Tumblr

    Tumblr (stylized as tumblr and pronounced "tumbler") is a microblogging and social networking website founded by David Karp in 2007 and currently owned by Automattic. The service allows users to post multimedia and other content to a short-form blog. Users can follow other users' blogs. Bloggers can also make their blogs private.
  • Netbook

    Netbook is a generic name given to a category of small, lightweight, legacy-free, and inexpensive laptop computers that were introduced in 2007. Netbooks compete in the same market segment as mobiles and Chromebooks (a variation on the portable network computer).
  • Google Hangout

    Google Hangout
    Google Hangouts is a communication software product developed by Google. Originally a feature of Google+, Hangouts became a standalone product in 2013, when Google also began integrating features from Google+ Messenger and Google Talk into Hangouts.
  • Wearable Technology

    Wearable Technology
    2014 was called as the 'Year of wearable technology' as Apple watches and activity trackers came into the limelight. Since then, we have seen several technology advancements and wearable technology trends, which have been effective in luring more customers to this market.
  • Cloud and Big Data

    Cloud and Big Data
    Big data refers to voluminous, large sets of data whereas cloud computing refers to the platform for accessing large sets of data. In other words, big data is information while cloud computing is the means of getting information. Big Data is a terminology used to describe huge volume of data and information.
  • Clay Tablets (2400BC)

    Clay Tablets (2400BC)
    used for accounting, literary,
    administrative documents. Cuneiform written on wet clay with a sharpened, stick, or stylus.
  • Papyrus in Egypt (2500BC)

    Papyrus in Egypt (2500BC)
    The world's first paper. The papyrus was limited to a standard
    size running 47 cm in length at the
    most (29-33 cm on the average), and
    22 cm in width. Papyrus roll (scroll).
  • Codex in The Mayan (5th Century)

    Codex in The Mayan (5th Century)
    folding books written
  • Cave Painting (35,000BC)

    Cave Painting (35,000BC)
    -are drawings painted on
    the ceilings and walls of
    caves, communication purposes, ceremonial or religious