The Evolution of Traditional to New Media

  • 35,000 BCE

    Cave Paintings

    Cave Paintings
    Are drawings painted on the ceilings and walls of caves for communication purposes and also for ceremonial and religious purposes.
  • 5000 BCE

    Codex in the Mayan

    Codex in the Mayan
    Are folding books written by the pre-Columbian Maya civilization in Maya hieroglyphic script on Mesoamerican bark paper. ... The Maya developed their huun-paper around the 5th century, which is roughly the same time that the codex became predominant over the scroll in the Roman world.
  • 2500 BCE

    Papyrus in Egypt

    Papyrus in Egypt
    The world`s first paper, the papyrus was limited to a standard size running 47 cm in length at the most, and 22 cm in width. The other term for papyrus is roll or scroll.
  • 2400 BCE

    Clay Tablets in Messopotamia

    Clay Tablets in Messopotamia
    used for accounting literary, administrative documents, cuneiform, written on wet clay with a sharpened stick or stylus.
  • 130 BCE

    Acta Diurma in Rome

    Acta Diurma in Rome
    The first newspaper, carved on stone or metal and presented in message boards in public places, "Daily Acts" or "Daily Public Records".
  • Period: 130 BCE to


    Pre-industrial society refers to social attributes and forms of political and cultural organization that were prevalent before the advent of the Industrial Revolution, which occurred from 1750 to 1850. Pre-industrial is a time before there were machines and tools to help perform tasks en masse. Pre-industrial civilization dates back to centuries ago, but the main era known as the Pre-Industrial Society occurred right before the industrial society.
  • 220

    Printing press using wood blocks

    Printing press using wood blocks
    Woodblock printing (or block printing) is a technique for printing text, images or patterns used widely throughout East Asia and originating in China in antiquity as a method of printing on textiles and later paper.
  • Newspaper - The London Gazette(1640)

    Newspaper - The London Gazette(1640)
    A newspaper that gives British government announcements, including information of interest to people in government departments and the legal profession, as well as lists of recent honours (= awards for services to the country). It first appeared in 1665 and is now published five times a week.
  • Period: to

    INDUSTRIAL AGES (1700S-1930S)

    People used the power of steam, developed machine tools, established iron production and manufacturing of various products (including books through the printing press).
  • Typewriter (1800)

    Typewriter (1800)
    A mechanical or electromechanical device that is used to print text on a paper document. Although there were various typewriter-like devices created throughout the 1800s, the first typewriters with a carriage that moved the paper to the next character location began to emerge in the 1870s.
  • Telegraph

    A system for transmitting messages from a distance along a wire, especially one creating signals by making and breaking an electrical connection.
  • Telephone (1876)

    Telephone (1876)
    It is derived from the Greek: τῆλε, tēle, "far" and φωνή, phōnē, "voice", together meaning "distant voice". ... In 1876, shortly after Bell's patent application, Hungarian engineer Tivadar Puskás proposed the telephone switch, which allowed for the formation of telephone exchanges, and eventually networks.
  • Motion Pictures Photography/Projection (1890)

    Motion Pictures Photography/Projection (1890)
    A motion picture camera is a lighttight precision instrument. All professional cameras, with a few exceptions, are operated by an electric motor. The power can be supplied by a battery in the field or ac power in the studio.
  • Punch Cards

    Punch Cards
    A card perforated according to a code, for controlling the operation of a machine, used in voting machines and formerly in programming and entering data into computers.
  • Printing Press for mass production (19th Century)

    Printing Press for mass production (19th Century)
    Is a device for applying pressure to an inked surface resting upon a print medium (such as paper or cloth), thereby transferring the ink.
  • Commercial Motion Pictures w/ sound (1913)

    Commercial Motion Pictures w/ sound (1913)
    A sound film is a motion picture with synchronized sound, or sound technologically coupled to image, as opposed to a silent film. The first known public exhibition of projected sound films took place in Paris in 1900, but decades passed before sound motion pictures were made commercially practical. Reliable synchronization was difficult to achieve with the early sound-on-disc systems, and amplification and recording quality were also inadequate.
  • Period: to

    Electronic Age (1930s – 1980s)

    The invention of the transistor ushered in the
    electronic age. People harnessed the power of
    transistor that led to the transistor radio, electronic
    circuits, and the early computers. In this , long distance
    communication become more efficient.
  • Television (1941)

    Television (1941)
    Is a telecommunication medium used for transmitting moving images in monochrome (black-and-white), or in color, and in two or three dimensions and sound.
  • EDSAC (1949)

    EDSAC (1949)
    Large Electronic Computers
    Short for Electronic Delay Storage Automatic Calculator, EDSAC was an early computerdated around 1949. ... EDSAC used mercury delay lines for memory and 3,000 vacuum tubes for logic. Programs were input using 5-hole punched tape and output was via a teleprinter.
  • UNIVAC 1 (1951)

    UNIVAC 1 (1951)
    Large Electronic Computers
    The UNIVAC I (UNIVersal Automatic Computer I) was the first general purpose electronic digital computer design for business application produced in the United States. ... The first Univac was accepted by the United States Census Bureau on March 31, 1951, and was dedicated on June 14 that year.
  • Augmented Reality

    Augmented Reality
    A technology that superimposes a computer-generated image on a user's view of the real world, thus providing a composite view.
  • Virtual reality

    Virtual reality
    Is a simulated experience that can be similar to or completely different from the real world. Applications of virtual reality can include entertainment (i.e. gaming) and educational purposes (i.e. medical or military training). Other, distinct types of VR style technology include augmented reality and mixed reality.
  • Mainframe Computers

    Mainframe Computers
    Mainframe computers or mainframes are computers used primarily by large organizations for critical applications; bulk data processing, such as census, industry and consumer statistics, enterprise resource planning; and transaction processing.
  • HP 9100A (1968)

    HP 9100A (1968)
    Personal Computer
    The Hewlett-Packard 9100A (hp 9100A) is an early programmable calculator (or computer), first appearing in 1968. HP called it a desktop calculator because, as Bill Hewlett said, "If we had called it a computer, it would have been rejected by our customers' computer gurus because it didn't look like an IBM.
  • Apple 1 (1976)

    Apple 1 (1976)
    Personal Computer
    Apple 1. Apple 1. Apple's first computer. Several retail stores in Silicon Valley offered the Apple 1 in 1976, the same year Apple was founded by Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak. Sold without a case, power supply or keyboard, the Apple 1 had 8KB of memory and a 1 MHz processor from MOS Technology.
  • Portable computers- Laptops (1980)

    Portable computers- Laptops (1980)
    Is a computer designed to be easilymoved from one place to another and included a display and keyboard. The first commercially sold portable was the 50 pound IBM 5100, introduced 1975. The next major portables were Osborne's 24 pound CP/M-based Osborne 1 (1981) and Compaq's 28 pound 100% IBM PC compatible Compaq Portable (1983).
  • Cloud

    Is the on-demand availability of computer system resources, especially data storage and computing power, without direct active management by the user. The term is generally used to describe data centers available to many users over the Internet.
  • Period: to

    INFORMATION AGE (1900S – 2000S)

    INFORMATION AGE -also known as the Computer Age, Digital Age, or New Media Age) is a historic period beginning in the 20th century and characterized by the rapid shift from traditional industry that the Industrial Revolution brought through industrialization to an economy primarily based upon information technology.
  • Smart phones

    Smart phones
    Is a cellular telephone with an integrated computer and other features not originally associated with telephones such as an operating system, web browsing, and the ability to run software applications.
  • Mosaic

    Mosaic was an early Web browser, released in 1993, which is credited with rapidly expanding the popularity of the World Wide Web. Mosaic is usually described as being the first graphics web browser: due to it being able to display text and images on the same page, instead of each image being loaded in a separate page
  • Tablets (1993)

    Tablets (1993)
    Is a mobile device, typically with a mobile operating system and touchscreen display processing circuitry, and a rechargeable battery in a single, thin and flat package. Tablets, being computers, do what other personal computers do, but lack some input/output (I/O) abilities that others have.
  • Internet Explorer (1995)

    Internet Explorer (1995)
    Is a series of graphical web browsers developed by Microsoft and included in the Microsoft Windows line of operating systems, starting in 1995. It was first released as part of the add-on package Plus! for Windows 95 that year.
  • Yahoo (1995)

    Yahoo (1995)
    Is an American web services provider headquartered in Sunnyvale, California, and owned by Verizon Media The original Yahoo! company was founded by Jerry Yang and David Filo in January 1994 and was incorporated on March 2, 1995. Yahoo was one of the pioneers of the early Internet era in the 1990s
  • Google (1996)

    Google (1996)
    Is a software system that is designed to carry out web search (Internet search), which means to search the World Wide Web in a systematic way for particular information specified in a textual web search query. The search results are generally presented in a line of results, often referred to as search engine results pages (SERPs).
  • Blogspot (1999)

    Blogspot (1999)
    Is a discussion or informational website published on the World Wide Web consisting of discrete, often informal diary-style text entries (posts). Posts are typically displayed in reverse chronological order, so that the most recent post appears first, at the top of the web page.
  • LiveJournal (1999)

    LiveJournal (1999)
    Is a Russian social networking service where users can keep a blog, journal or diary. American programmer Brad Fitzpatrick started LiveJournal on April 15, 1999, as a way of keeping his high school friends updated on his activities.
  • Dibao in China

    Dibao in China
    Dibao (Chinese: 邸報; pinyin: dǐbào; Wade–Giles: ti3-pao4; Manchu: doolame araha boolara bithe), literally "reports from the [official] residences", were a type of publications issued by central and local governments in imperial China. While closest in form and function to gazettes in the Western world, they have also been called "palace reports" or "imperial bulletins".
  • Friendster

    Was created in 2002 by Peter Chin, Jonathan Abrams and Dave Lee. The group wanted to find a way for people to meet new friends on the Internet, keep in contact with already existing friends and to expand personal networks in a safe manner.
  • Wordpress (2003)

    Wordpress (2003)
    Is a content management system (CMS) based on PHP and MySQ that is usually used with the MySQL or MariaDB database servers but can also use the SQLite database engine.Features include a plugin architecture and a template system, referred to inside WordPress as Themes.
  • Multiply (2003)

    Multiply (2003)
    Was a social networking service with an emphasis on allowing users to share media – such as photos, videos and blog entries – with their "real-world" network. The website was launched in March 2004 and was privately held with backing by VantagePoint Venture Partners, Point Judith Capital, Transcosmos, and private investors
  • Skype (2003)

    Skype (2003)
    Is a telecommunications application that specializes in providing video chat and voice calls between computers, tablets, mobile devices, the Xbox One console, and smartwatches via the Internet. Skype also provides instant messaging services. Users may transmit text, video, audio and images. Skype allows video conference calls.
  • Facebook (2004)

    Facebook (2004)
    Was founded in 2004 by Mark Zuckerberg, Eduardo Saverin, Dustin Moskovitz, and Chris Hughes, all of whom were students at Harvard University. Facebook became the largest social network in the world, with more than one billion users as of 2012, and about half that number were using Facebook every day
  • Youtube (2005)

    Youtube (2005)
    YouTube allows users to upload, view, rate, share, add to playlists, report, comment on videos, and subscribe to other users. It offers a wide variety of user-generated and corporate media videos. Available content includes video clips, TV show clips, music videos, short and documentary films, audio recordings, movie trailers, live streams, and other content such as video blogging, short original videos, and educational videos.
  • Big Data

    Big Data
    Big Data- is a field that treats ways to analyze, systematically extract information from, or otherwise deal with data sets that are too large or complex to be dealt with by traditional data-processing application software.
  • Twitter (2006)

     Twitter (2006)
    Is an American microblogging and social networking service on which users post and interact with messages known as "tweets". Tweets were originally restricted to 140 characters, but on November 7, 2017, this limit was doubled to 280 for all languages except Chinese, Japanese, and Korean.Registered users can post, like, and retweet tweets, but unregistered users can only read them.
  • Tumblr

    Tumblr is a blogging site that began in New York City in 2007 by founders David Karp and Marco Arment. The site allows users to post text, images, videos, links, quotes and audio to a short-form blog, called a tumbleblog. Users can follow other users, or choose to make their tumblelog private.
  • Netbooks (2008)

    Netbooks (2008)
    netbooks (2008),- is a historic period beginning in the 20th century and characterized by the rapid shift from traditional industry that the Industrial Revolution brought through industrialization to an economy primarily based upon information technology.[1][2][3][4] The onset of the Information Age can be associated with the development of transistor technology
  • Google Hangouts (2013)

    Google Hangouts (2013)
    Google Hangouts (2013)- is a communication software product developed by Google. Originally a feature of Google+, Hangouts became a standalone product in 2013, when Google also began integrating features from Google+ Messenger and Google Talk into Hangouts.
  • Wearable technology

    Wearable technology
    Wearable technology-are smart electronic devices (electronic device with micro-controllers) that can be incorporated into clothing or worn on the body as implants or accessories