Online journalism Timeline by Ryan Murray

  • Period: to

    The 1990s: the birth of web journalism

    The 1990s are notable for a number of firsts.
  • World Wide Web browser and server software are released

    by Tim Berners-Lee.
  • The Electronic Telegraph is launched

  • BBC Online launches

  • The Drudge Report,

    broke the first big web scoop with the Monica Lewinsky storey.
  • Pyra Labs develops Blogger

    a free piece of software that allows anyone to start a blog.
  • The Guardian broadcasts minute-by-minute coverage of sporting events,

    These practises would later be dubbed "liveblogging."
  • Period: to

    War, blogging — and podcasting

    As eyewitnesses, specialists, and groups of enthusiastic individuals questioned established narratives and methods of doing things, the development of blogs offered most of the critical moments in the early 2000s.
  • 9/11 attacks

    While news websites buckle under the weight of global demand, a network of blogs relays information and survival lists.
  • Bloggers able to make US senator resign

    Trent Lott, the Republican leader in the US Senate, has stepped down after bloggers picked up on remarks that went unnoticed by the mainstream media.
  • Invasion of Iraq

    Salam Pax, the 'Baghdad Bloggerposts updates from the city as it is bombarded, highlighting the value of non-journalist bloggers in comparison to war reporters 'embedded' with the military forces.
  • Tip-jar model journalism established

    Christopher Allbritton raises $15,000 through his blog Back-to-Iraq 3.0, to send him to report independently from the war, demonstrating the ability of blogs to financially support independent journalism 
  • MySociety is launched in the UK

    to learn about the activities of elected officials, to communicate with them, and to file FOI requests. Its tools have an impact on data journalists in the United Kingdom and the United States, and its technology has a global reach. It also receives recognition for its collaboration with Channel 4.
  • Dan Rather resigns

    The truth of a CBS report about George W. Bush's National Guard service has been questioned by bloggers.
  • "Asian tsunami"

    As photographs and video are published to the web through mobile phones, it highlights the reach of the web from inaccessible regions.
  • Podcast explosion

    Podcasts are taking off now that iTunes has added them to its music library.
  • Rupert Murdoch changes team

    Rupert Murdoch tells newspapers they are now far too slow compared to digital developments and ends up buying MySpace
  • July 7 bombings

    A cell phone photo of passengers strolling into a Tube tunnel was shared on MoBlog and The Sun, and the storey quickly spread around the world. In the world of blogging, this is a watershed moment.
  • Adrian Holovaty launches

    The display of coding's capacity to take data and mix it – known as a mashup – is a watershed point in the evolution of data journalism.
  • Period: to

    User-generated content, crowdsourcing, and data

    The impact of blogging moved to social networks in the second half of the 2000s, with major news events demonstrating the importance that social media can play in reporting and delivery.
  • Talking points on Memo make people look at protentional story

    Across the country, US lawyers have been fired, illustrating the power of 'crowdsourcing,' which involves including readers in an investigation and conducting it in public.
  • Virginia Tech shooting.

    The mainstream media uses information from Facebook and other social networking sites to report
  • Myanmar protests

    Journalists blocked entry, therefore, was tracked via blogs and social networking platforms.
  • Twitter is used to spread news of a Chinese earthquake.

  • Following the terrorist assaults in Mumba, journalists are turning to Twitter as a tool.

    On the microblogging site, India is reported in real-time.
  • Citizen journalism

    After the earthquake in Haiti, iReport was used to track and connect family.
  • Wikileaks collaborates with news outlets

    The war logs from Iraq and Afghanistan, as well as Cablegate, have dominated the year, contributing to a growing interest in data journalism.
  • Online news consumption has surpassed print

  • The New York Times "leaky" paywall.

    Unlike a 'hard' paywall, it allowed readers to read some items for free, or to read them after they were shared on social media. While it was not the first, its success inspired others to try something similar.
  • The Kindle Singles format is introduced by Amazon.

    generating enthusiasm for e-publishing 'longform' journalism that is longer than regular feature articles
  • Period: to

    Longform, podcasts and security

    With the introduction of the iPad and Kindle, news organisations shifted their focus to longer-form writing, as awareness of how digital technology may be used to track our actions grew.
  • The story Snow Fall has been released.

    ‘immersive’ story is part of a larger trend online toward longform content geared toward tablet users.
  • Edward Snowden leak

    The Guardian revealed global monitoring activities, sparking a worldwide debate about information security and underlining the challenge of protecting sources and whistleblowers.
  • Google Glass has been released.

    As a result, there is more experimentation in both newsgathering and wearable technology apps.
  • Serial becomes the fastest podcast

    reaches 5 million downloads and streams on iTunes, stimulating new interest in the format.
  • RIPA act

    Metropolitan Police keep track of journalists' interactions with sources, resulting in the 'Save Our Sources' campaign.
  • Sony Pictures info leaked

    The news has been widely publicised in the entertainment and business press, but it has also sparked an ethical debate about how hacked data should be used.
  • live video established

    Meerkat is the first to start, followed by Periscope from Twitter and Facebook Live. Live video has become an important part of any publication strategy.
  • Apple Watch is launched

    generates enthusiasm for 'glance journalism'
  • Telegram's bot marketplace is now open to developers.

    News organisations are beginning to develop chatbots to assist users in interacting with their information.
  • Period: to

    Live video, fake news and bots

    history was speeding faster technological advancements continued to flourish.
  • The Independent newspaper in the U.K has gone digital-only.

  • The attempted coup in Turkey is being broadcast live on Facebook Live

  • Facebook accused of censorship

    It took down posts that included the Vietnam war photograph The Terror of War.
  • Facebooks new measures

    'Fake news,' as well as collaboration with fact-checking organisations, are being discussed in the wake of allegations that other countries deployed propaganda to sway the US election.
  • Deep fakes first emergence

    when a Reddit member used the technology to alter the faces of his favourite celebs in pornographic films The ensuing uproar sparked critical discussions in the online film industry regarding abuse, gender, and image rights.
  • Senator Marco Rubio questions ethics of deepfakes

    acknowledged that deepfake videos “raise a lot of questions.”
  • A deepfake of Queen Elizabeth II

    “stark warning” of the power of fake news.