Evolution of Media Devices

  • Period: 200,000 BCE to

    Prehistoric Age

    The Prehistoric Age can be traced back to Earth's beginning which is approximately 4.5 billion years ago. Human records and documentation were scarce until humans evolved, more specifically 5,000 years ago in Egypt and ancient Sumer. This period is characterized by the discovery of fire, the creation of paper and the forgery of different tools and weapons with stone and metal.
  • 70,000 BCE


    Petroglyphs have been around since before the common age. The oldest petroglyph dates back to 290,000-700,000 BCE. Petroglyphs refer to any image created on a rock by scratching, engraving, scouring, chiselling, carving, or other similar methods.
  • 30,000 BCE

    Cave Paintings

    Cave Paintings
    Cave paintings were man's first attempts of communication and storytelling through the use of symbols and pictures. Many of these paintings are found on the ceilings or the walls deep within caves. The paint used in these paintings was made from pigment mixed with animal fat to create a paste. The colors they used ranged from black, white, red, and yellow.
  • 9000 BCE


    The term pictograph or pictogram describes an image, sign, or symbol which is created in order to express ideas or information. Prehistoric pictographs are referred to as rock art and have been produced thousands of years ago wherein some can be still seen today. Pictographs were used all over the world since 9000 BC. But, the first forms of pictographs can be dated back to 30000 BC in the form of cave paintings.
  • 3000 BCE


    The ancient Egyptians used the stem of the papyrus plant to make sails, cloth, mats, cords, and, above all, paper. Paper made from papyrus was the chief writing material in ancient Egypt, was adopted by the Greeks, and was used extensively in the Roman Empire.
  • 3000 BCE

    Clay Tablets

    Clay Tablets
  • 59 BCE

    Acta Diurna in Rome

    Acta Diurna in Rome
    The Acta Diurna, also known as Acta Popidi or Acta Publica, is considered a prototype of the modern newspaper. It constituted a type of daily gazette and recorded official business and the interest of the public.
  • 1400

    Wax Tablets

    Wax Tablets
    A wax tablet is a tablet made of wood and covered with a layer of wax, often linked loosely to a cover tablet, as a "double-leaved" diptych. It was used as a reusable and portable writing surface in Antiquity and throughout the Middle Ages.
  • Newspaper

    The first printed newspaper dates back to the 17th century when Johann Carolus published the first newspaper called "Relation aller Fürnemmen und gedenckwürdigen Historien" in Germany in 1605. The newspaper since then has been used as a staple containing news, articles, advertisements, etc.
  • Period: to

    Industrial Age

    The Industrial Revolution transformed economies that had been based on agriculture and handicrafts into economies based on large-scale industry, mechanized manufacturing, and the factory system. New machines, new power sources, and new ways of organizing work made existing industries more productive and efficient. This era is chiefly characterized by the usage of steam, the development of machine tools, the establishment of iron production, manufacturing of books through the printing press.
  • Telegraph

    The telegraph was developed by Samuel Morse in the 1830s and 1840s. The telegraph revolutionized long-distance communication and worked by transmitting electrical signals over a wire laid between stations.
  • Typewriter

    The first practical typewriter was completed in September 1867, although the patent was not issued until June 1868. The man who was responsible for this invention was Christopher Latham Sholes of Milwaukee, Wisconsin. It is a mechanical device that produces printer characters on a sheet of paper by typing individual keys.
  • Telephone

    The telephone was patented by Alexander Graham Bell. Telephones made it easier for businesses to communicate with each other. It cut down on the amount of time it took to send messages to each other. As the telephone network grew, it also expanded the area that a business could reach.
  • Phonograph

    The phonograph, also called a record player, is an instrument for reproducing sounds by means of the vibration of a stylus, or needle, following a groove on a rotating disc. The first phonograph was invented by Thomas Edison.
  • Punch cards

    Punch cards
    The punched card was adopted by Herman Hollerith to record data on a medium that could be read by a machine. It is a stiff piece of paper that holds digital data represented by the presence or absence of holes in predefined positions. Punched cards were once common in data processing applications or to directly control automated machinery. While obsolete as storage mediums in recent time, some voting machines still use punch cards to record votes.
  • Television

    The first electronic television was first successfully demonstrated in San Francisco by Philo Taylor Farnsworth. Televisions receive broadcasting signals and change them into pictures and sound. Television has become one of the staples of information and entertainment in recent times.
  • Period: to

    Electronic Age

    The Electronic age is the invention of the transistor that ushered in the electronic age. People harnessed the power of transistors which led to communication becoming more efficient. The invention of transistors eventually led to electronic circuits and the development of many devices.
  • Transistor Radio

    Transistor Radio
    The transistor radio is a compact, portable radio that uses a transistor radio receiver to receive and amplify radio sound waves. The development of the transistor radio in the late 1940s and 1950s revolutionized radio electronics.

    Electronic Delay Storage Automatic Calculator, or EDSAC in short, is the first full-size stored-program computer, built at the University of Cambridge, England by Maurice Wilkes and others to provide a formal computing service for users.

    The UNIVAC I was designed as a commercial data-processing computer, intended to replace the punched-card accounting machines of the day. John Mauchly and J. Presper Eckert began building UNIVAC I in 1948 and a contract for the machine was signed by the Census Bureau on March 31, 1951.
  • Video Tape Recorder

    Video Tape Recorder
    Video tape recorder, also called Video Recorder, electromechanical device that records and reproduces an electronic signal containing audio and video information onto and from magnetic tape. It is commonly used for recording television productions that are intended for rebroadcasting to mass audiences.
  • IBM 704

    IBM 704
    The IBM 704 Data Processing System was a large-scale mainframe computer designed for engineering and scientific calculations. It is the first mass-produced computer with core memory and floating-point arithmetic, designed primarily for commercial applications.
  • Microcomputers

    A microcomputer is a complete computer on a small scale, designed for use by one person at a time. An antiquated term, a microcomputer is now primarily called a personal computer (PC), or a device based on a single-chip microprocessor.
  • Digital Camera

    Digital Camera
    The first actual digital still camera was developed by Eastman Kodak engineer Steven Sasson in 1975.
  • Period: to

    Information Age

    The information age, also called as Digital age, is regarded as a time in which information has become a commodity that is quickly and widely disseminated and easily available, especially through the use of computer technology. It is the era we are presently in.
  • Osborne 1

    Osborne 1
    Osborne 1 is accepted as the first true mobile computer (laptop) by most historians. It was developed by Adam Osborne, an ex-book publisher. The Osborne 1 had a five-inch screen, incorporating a modem port, two 5 1/4 floppy drives, and a large collection of bundled software applications.
  • LCD Projectors

    LCD Projectors
    The LCD Projector works by shining a high-intensity focused beam of light through the LCD panel, which creates projected images on the wall.
  • Toshiba T1100

    Toshiba T1100
    In April 1985, Toshiba released the world's first mass-market laptop PC, the T1100, in Europe. Unlike the Osborne 1, Toshiba T1100 resembles modern laptops more closely.

     FUJIX DS-1P
    FUJIX DS-1P is the first "fully" digital camera created by Fuji. It is called the first fully digital camera because it was the first camera to save data to a semiconductor memory card. It captured images using a 400 kilopixel CCD.
  • World Wide Web

    World Wide Web
    The World Wide Web—commonly referred to as WWW, W3, or the Web—is an interconnected system of public webpages accessible through the Internet. It was invented by Tim Berners-Lee in 1989.
  • Simon Personel Communicator (SPC)

    Simon Personel Communicator (SPC)
    The first smartphone, created by IBM, was invented in 1992 and released for purchase in 1994. It was called the Simon Personal Communicator. While not very compact and sleek, the device still featured several elements that became staples to every smartphone that followed.
  • Mosaic

    NCSA Mosaic was one of the first web browsers. It was instrumental in popularizing the World Wide Web and the general Internet by integrating multimedia such as text and graphics.
  • Yahoo

    Yahoo! is an Internet portal that incorporates a search engine and a directory of World Wide Web sites organized in a hierarchy of topic categories. As a directory, it provides both new and seasoned Web users the reassurance of a structured view of hundreds of thousands of Web sites and millions of Web pages. Yahoo was incredibly popular back in the early 2000s and is still competing as one of the prominent search engines.
  • MP3 Player

    MP3 Player
    In 1998, South Korea's Saehan Information Systems created the first portable digital audio player, MPMan. MP3 players allow the user to play music, podcasts and so on anywhere. Music is easily stored and managed on the MP3 player, including skipping tracks or, on some models, arranging playlists.
  • Google

    Google is an internet search engine. It uses a proprietary algorithm that's designed to retrieve and order search results to provide the most relevant and dependable sources of data possible. Google is the most frequently used search engine worldwide.
  • Firefox

    Firefox is a Web browser that is smaller, faster, and in some ways more secure than the Mozilla browser from which much of its code was originally derived.
  • Facebook

    Facebook is a website that allows users, who sign-up for free profiles, to connect with friends, work colleagues or people they don't know, online. It allows users to share pictures, music, videos, and articles, as well as their own thoughts and opinions with however many people they like.
  • YouTube

    YouTube is a video-sharing service where users can watch, like, share, comment and upload their own videos. The video service can be accessed on PCs, laptops, tablets and via mobile phones.
  • Twitter

    Twitter is a social media site, and its primary purpose is to connect people and allow people to share their thoughts with a big audience. Like other social media sites, you are able to share posts and interact with the community through DMs, replies and, most recently, spaces.
  • Chrome

    Google Chrome is a free web browser developed by Google, used for accessing web pages on the internet. As of May 2020, it is the most popular web browser of choice worldwide, with more than 60% of the web browser market share.