Supreme Court Timeline

By 293641
  • Marbury vs. Madison

    Marbury vs. Madison
    Chief Justice John Marshall
    Does Marbury have a right to the commission? Does the law grant Marbury a remedy? Does the Supreme Court have the authority to review acts of Congress and determine whether they are unconstitutional and therefore void? Can Congress expand the scope of the Supreme Court’s original jurisdiction beyond what is specified in Article III of the Constitution? Does the Supreme Court have original jurisdiction to issue writs of mandamus?
    Yes. Marbury has a right to the commiss
  • McCulloch v. Maryland

    Chief Justice John Marshall
    Does Congress have the power under the Constitution to incorporate a bank, even though that power is not specifically enumerated within the Constitution? Does the State of Maryland have the power to tax an institution created by Congress pursuant to its powers under the Constitution?
    Yes. Congress has power under the Constitution to incorporate a bank pursuant to the Necessary and Proper clause (Article I, section 8). No. The State of Maryland does not have the power
  • Gibbons v. Ogden

    Gibbons v. Ogden
    Chief Justice John Marshall
    May a state enact legislation that regulates a purely internal affair regarding trade or the police power, or is pursuant to a power to regulate interstate commerce concurrent with that of Congress, which confers a privilege inconsistent with federal law? Do states have the power to regulate those phases of interstate commerce which, because of the need of national uniformity, demand that their regulation, be prescribed by a single authority? Does a state have the pow
  • Dred Scott v. Sandford

    Dred Scott v. Sandford
    Chief Justice Roger B. Taney
    Was Dred Scott free or a slave?
    No, he was a slave.
    Articles III and IV
  • Reynolds v. United States

    Reynolds v. United States
    Chief Justice Morrison Waite
    Is polygamy allowed under the first amendment (religious freedom) even though there is an Anti-Bigamy law?
    No
    First Amendment
  • Plessy v. Ferguson

    Plessy v. Ferguson
    Chief Justice Melville Fuller
    Is Louisiana's law mandating racial segregation on its trains an unconstitutional infringement on both the privileges and immunities and the equal protection clauses of the Fourteenth Amendment?
    Equal but separate accommodations for whites and blacks imposed by Louisiana do not violate the the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment
    Fourteenth Amendment
  • Schenck v. US

    Schenck v. US
    Chief Justice Edward Douglass White
    Are Schenck's actions (words, expression) protected by the free speech clause of the First Amendment?
    The Free Speech Clause of the First Amendment does not shield advocacy urging conduct deemed unlawful under the Espionage Act
    Freedom of speech, First Amendment
  • Gitlow v. New York

    Gitlow v. New York
    Chief Justice William Howard Taft
    Is the New York law punishing advocacy to overthrow the government by force an unconstitutional violation of the free speech clause of the First Amendment?
    The Free Speech Clause does not shield Gitlow from the New York statute
    Free Speech, First Amendment
  • Palko v. Connecticut

    Palko v. Connecticut
    Chief Justice Charles Evans Hughes
    Does Palko's second conviction violate the protection against double jeopardy guaranteed by the Fifth Amendment because this protection applies to the states by virtue of the Fourteenth Amendment's due process clause?
    Protection against double jeopardy is not a fundamental right and thus falls outside constitutional protection
    Due Process, Fourteenth Amendment
  • Everson v. Board of Education

    Everson v. Board of Education
    Chief Justce Fred Vinson
    Did the New Jersey statute violate the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment as made applicable to the states through the Fourteenth Amendment?
    The New Jersey law reimbursing parents for transportation costs to parochial schools did not violate the Establishment Clause.
    Establishment Clause, First Amendment
  • Brown v. Board

    Brown v. Board
    Chief Justice Warren
    Does the segregation of public education based solely on race violate the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment?
    Separate but equal educational facilities for racial minorities is inherently unequal violating the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment.
    Fourteenth Amendment
  • Mapp v. Ohio

    Mapp v. Ohio
    Chief Justice Warren
    Were the confiscated materials protected by the First Amendment? (May evidence obtained through a search in violation of the Fourth Amendment be admitted in a state criminal proceeding?)
    The Court brushed aside the First Amendment issue and declared that "all evidence obtained by searches and seizures in violation of the Constitution is, by [the Fourth Amendment], inadmissible in a state court."
    Fourth Amendment
  • Baker v. Carr

    Baker v. Carr
  • Engel v. Vitale

    Engel v. Vitale
    Chief Justice Warren
    Does the reading of a nondenominational prayer at the start of the school day violate the "establishment of religion" clause of the First Amendment?
    Yes. Neither the prayer's nondenominational character nor its voluntary character saves it from unconstitutionality. By providing the prayer, New York officially approved religion.
    First Amendment
  • Wesberry v. Sanders

    Wesberry v. Sanders
  • Gideon v. Wainright

    Gideon v. Wainright
  • Abbington v. Schempp

    Abbington v. Schempp
  • New York Times v. Sullivan

    New York Times v. Sullivan
  • Griswold v. Connecticut

    Griswold v. Connecticut
  • Miranda v. Arizona

    Miranda v. Arizona
  • Lemon v. Kurtzman

    Lemon v. Kurtzman
  • Miller v. California

    Miller v. California
  • Roe v. Wade

    Roe v. Wade
  • US v. Nixon

    US v. Nixon
  • Buckely v. Valeo

    Buckely v. Valeo
  • UC Regents b, Bakke

    UC Regents b, Bakke
  • 28. Texas v. Johnson

    28. Texas v. Johnson
    28
  • Webster v. Reproductive Health

    Webster v. Reproductive Health
  • 29. Employment Division of Oregon v. Smith

    29.  Employment Division of Oregon v. Smith
    29
  • 30. Planned Parenthood v. Casey

    30. Planned Parenthood v. Casey
    30
  • 31. Shaw v. Reno

    31. Shaw v. Reno
    31
  • 32. US v. Lopez

    32. US v. Lopez
    32
  • 33. Clinton v. New York

    33. Clinton v. New York
    33
  • 35. Santa Fe Independent School District v. Doe

    35. Santa Fe Independent School District v. Doe
    35
  • 34. Bush v. Gore

    34. Bush v. Gore
    34
  • 36. Zelman v. Simmons-Harris

    36. Zelman v. Simmons-Harris
    36
  • 37. Gratz v. Bollinger

    37. Gratz v. Bollinger
    37
  • 38. Grutter v. Bollinger

    38. Grutter v. Bollinger
    38
  • 39. Citizens United v FEC

    39. Citizens United v FEC
    39
  • 40. Obergefell v. Hodges

    40. Obergefell v. Hodges
    40