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The Cold War Timeline Project

  • Yalta Conference

    Yalta Conference
    https://history.state.govThe Yalta Conference held on February 4 in the city of Yalta in Crimea. It was a meeting of the heads of government of the US, UK, and USSR. The purpose of the meeting was discussing Europe's post-war reorganization.The key points of the meeting are Nazi Germany must unconditional surrender and Germany and Berlin would be split into four occupied zones.Stalin also agreed to enter the fight against the japanese in three months after Germany has surrendered.
  • Period: to

    The Cold War

  • Berlin Declaration

    Berlin Declaration Berlin Declaration was the dissolution of the Third Reich. The Third Reich was dissolution was Adolf Hitler Killed himself. The Berlin Declaration was the surrender of the country Germany to the Allies forces. Germany land went back to pre 1937 Times. All Germany force had to give up arms and turn them self to the Allies. The country of Germany will be in control be the Allies forces in Germany.
  • Potsdam Conference

    Potsdam Conference
    https://history.state.govThe Potsdam Conference was a Conference in which the big three US , UK, and USSR came to talk about what to do after the war. The goal of the Conference was to created a Post war order, Peace treaty issue, and stopping the war efforts. The western allies also wanted to stop the speard of communist. In the Conference the US talk about it new weapon the Atom bomb. They also plan the term of the surrender of Japan. That also planned how to spit Germany between the four allies.
  • North Vietnam

    North Vietnam Vietnam was a communist country of September 2,1945 to 1976. North Vietnam was formed when Ho Chi Mihn proclaimed a state in north Vietnam. Ho Chi Mihn created a Marxist government and he wanted all of Vietnam under a Marxist government. The first Indochina war started right after North Vietnam was formed.After the war North Vietnam was formed as communist and the new south Vietnam was formed as a republic. The US was supporting the South and the communist country were supporting the North
  • iron curtain speech

    iron curtain speech March 5,1946 Winston Churchill, ex Prime Minister of England get a speech at Westminster College. In the speech Winston Churchill used the term "iron curtain" in talking about Soviet-dominated Eastern Europe. He say "From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic an Iron Curtain has descended across the continent." Churchill's Iron Curtain speech was see by Stalin as warmongering.The speech was the announcing of the Cold War. The speech begin drawing the battle lines of the Cold War.
  • First Indochina War

    First Indochina War First Indochina War was a war between French forces and their Viet Minh opponents. The war begin on 19 December 1946 and lasted until 1 August 1954 in French Indochina. Most of the fighting took place in Tonkin in Northern Vietnam. French Union forces included colonial troops from the whole former empire and French professional troops like the French Foreign Legion. The french strategy was to make the the Viet Minh into attacking a well-defended base in a remote part.
  • Containment Policy

    Containment Policy
    https://history.state.govIn 1947 the US created a new policy called, the Containment Policy. The policy of containment became the basic United States strategy for fighting the cold war with the Soviet Union. Containment is a military strategy to stop the expansion of an enemy. The Containment policy help a lot influence the US in many countries like korea, Vietnam, and Afghanistan. Containment was the middle-ground between detente and rollback. George F. Kennan, a Foreign Service Officer created the Policy for the US.
  • Berlin Blockade

    Berlin Blockade Berlin Blockade was one of the first major international crises of the Cold War. The Berlin Blockade started on April 1,1948 when the Soviets blocked the Western Allies' railway, road, and canal access to the sectors of Berlin under Western control. The Soviets offered to stop the Blockade but if they stop introducing the new Deutschmark from West Berlin. In response the allies begin the Berlin airlift to get supply to west berlin. On 12 May 1949, the USSR lifted the blockade on Berlin.
  • Marshall Plan

    Marshall Plan Marshall Plan was was an American aid to Europe after the Second World War. The United States gave $13 billion in economic support to help rebuild European economies. The US goal of the Marshall Plan was rebuild Europe, modernize industry, and prevent the spread of communism. In in return Europe had to buy US products making the US companies more money.. The United States provided similar aid programs in Asia like Japan and china.The Soviet reactions was it was an anti-Soviet bloc.
  • Berlin Airlift

    Berlin Airlift Berlin Airlift was a response by the Western Allies to the Soviets Blockade of Berlin. Western Allies created the Berlin airlift to carry supplies to the people of West Berlin. The Berlin Airlift strated on Jun 18,1948 and went up to May 12,1949. The Berlin Airlift was nickname operation vittles. The Berlin airlift was supposed to be a short-term thing but it settled in for the long haul. The planes delivered about 5,000 tons of supplies to West Berlin every day.
  • NATO

    NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organization or Nato is a treaty of military alliance. NATO was signed on April 4 1949 in Brussels, Belgium. The Treaty was signed by 12 countries at first but 16 more nations joined the Organization in the years after. Nato was created to both to counter the military power of the USSR and to prevent nationalist militarism in Europe. NATO did not conducted military operations during the Cold War but NATO members did fight in UN operations like the Korea war.
  • Soviet Union tests A-Bomb

    Soviet Union tests A-Bomb Soviet project to develop an atomic bomb was a top secret project began during World War II. The program was started by Joseph Stalin during World War II with the physicist Georgy Flyorov urging him to start the research. The Soviet atomic project was charged with intelligence on Germany and American. The Soviet Union had great success with the atomic spy ring. On Aug 29,1949 the Soviet Union conducted its first weapon test with a Atom Bomb. The Bomb was very similar to the US Fat Man bomb
  • Korean War

    Korean War Korean War was a war between North and South Korea in which the US joined to stop the spread of Communist in asia. North Korea invaded South Korea on 25 June 1950. On the same day of the invaded the UN recognized the act as invasion and dispatch a UN Forces to korean to the defense of South Korea. Over Twenty-one countries of the United Nations joined the fight to defense south korean. The UN forces was able to push the North to the chinese border when the chinese invaded to help the North.
  • Eisenhower Presidency

    Eisenhower Presidency Dwight David Eisenhower was the 34th President of the United States. Before being President, Eisenhower was a a five-star general and Supreme Commander of the Allied Forces in Europe.The presidency of Eisenhower was a time of peace and prosperity. His main legacy is the Interstate Highway System. He also signed many Civil Rights acts to desegregation the Military. He also created NASA started the space race. Eisenhower was one of the only Presidency to warned about the army industrial complex
  • Julius and Ethel Rosenberg

    Julius and Ethel Rosenberg and Ethel Rosenberg were the first American Citizens executive for Conspiracy to commit espionage. The reason the Rosenberg were executive for espionage was they were giving Information about the atom bomb to the Soviet Union. Both Julius and Ethel were members of the communist party in the US. The Rosenberg recruit people like Ethel brother to give documents about the Atom Bomb to the Soviet. On June 19, 1953 the Rosenberg were executive in a New york Correctional Facility.
  • Nikita Khrushchev

    Nikita Khrushchev Khrushchev was the leader of the Soviet Union from 1958 to 1964. Nikita Khrushchev got power after the Soviet leader Joseph Stalin die in 1953. Nikita Khrushchev was one of the first to denounced Stalin purges in the 20th party congress in 1956. Khrushchev rule saw the tensest moments in the Cold War like the Cuban Missile Crisis. At home Khrushchev try to better the life of the Soviet people with New domestic policy. But in 1964 Khrushchev rivals with the party removed him peacefully
  • Warsaw Pact

    Warsaw Pact Warsaw pact was a Treaty of friendship and mutual Assistance. The Warsaw pact was mainly created to counter the west new NATO pact. The Soviet also want the Warsaw pact to control all military force in Central and Eastern Europe. The policy was driven by ideology and geographic reasons.
  • Suez Crisis

    Suez Crisis
    https://history.state.govThe Suez Crisis was an invasion of Egypt in late 1956 by Israel, Britain and France. The goal of the invasion was regain Western control of the Suez Canal and to remove Egyptian President Abdel Nasser from power. The crisis started with Egyptian President Nasser nationalizing the Suez Canal from the British.In response Britain and France planned a invasion of the Suez canal. When Israeli learned it can't use the canal it got in with the inviasion. On Oct 29, all three counrty invaded the Egypt
  • Sputnik

     Sputnik 1 was the first artificial Earth satellite. The Soviet Union launched Sputnik 1 on 4 October 1957. Sputnik 1 launched started the Space Race. The American reaction to the launched of Sputnik 1 was called Sputnik crisis. Sputnik had a diameter of 22 inches and weighed 184 pounds and circled Earth once every hour and 36 minutes. Sputnik was some 10 times the size of the first planned U.S. satellite. Sputnik began the Space Age.
  • Cuban Revolution

    Cuban Revolution Cuban Revolution was an armed revolt led by Fidel Castro and its allies against the US-backed government. The revolution started in July 1953 until the rebels ousted the Cuban President Fulgencio Batista in 1959. They replacing the government with a revolutionary socialist state. The socialist state reformed along communist lines become one of the first communist country in the America's The Cuban Revolution became big domestic and international.
  • U2 Incident

    U2 Incident 1960 U-2 incident happened on 1 May 1960 when a United States U-2 spy plane was shot down in Soviet airspace. The U-2 incident happened during the presidency of Eisenhower and Khrushchev. Right after the event the US try to cover-up the shot out plane. But was forced to admit it after the Soviet came out with the U-2's remains and captured pilot. The U-2 spy plane was taking photos of four Soviet top secret military objects. The U-2 incident effected the Four Powers Summit in Paris.
  • Checkpoint Charlie

    Checkpoint Charlie Charlie or Checkpoint C was The name given by the Western Allies to the best known checkpoint of the Berlin Wall. Checkpoint Charlie became a symbol of the Cold war with Sovet and American tanks facing out. Checkpoint Charlie was an crossing point in the Berlin Wall location at Friedrichstadt. The name Charlie came from the letter C in the NATO phonetic alphabet. One of the incident at Checkpoint Charlie was the Death of Peter Fechter by the hands of East German guards.
  • Kennedy Presidency

     Kennedy Presidency Kennedy Presidency was only 1,036 days but he did a lot of thing to change the country in that time. One of the first thing kennedy started was Peace Corps.The Peace Corps is a volunteer program run by the United States government. Kennedy also ordered the failed Invasion that the Bay of Pigs by U.S.-trained Cubans. The biggest crisis for Kennedy was the Cuban Missile Crisis when for 13-day the US and USSR came close to full-scale nuclear war. He also created the Apollo program.
  • Bay of Pigs

     Bay of Pigs Bay of Pigs Invasion was a failed military invasion of Cuba by counter-revolutionary military trained and funded CIA. After Fidel Castro took over cuba the US started seeing how to get rid of him. President Eisenhower, first authorized the CIA to plan the Bay of Pigs Invasion to get rid for Fidel Castro. Bay of Pigs Invasion started Apirl 17 1961 when President Kennedy give the green light. But bay of pigs invasion was a failed and on April 20, the invaders surrendered.
  • Apollo 11

     Apollo 11 11 was the spaceflight that landed the first humans on the Moon. The Apollo mission started President John F. Kennedy's national goal of "landing a man on the Moon and returning him safely to the Earth" by the end of the 1960s. Kennedy's goal was accomplished when Apollo 11 astronauts Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin landed their Lunar Module on the moon on July 20, 1969. Apollo 11 won the space race for the US.
  • Berlin Wall

     Berlin Wall Berlin Wall was a barrier that divided Berlin from 1961 to 1989. Created by the East Germany to stop East german people moving to the west. The Berlin Wall also completely cut off west berlin by land. The Wall divided berlin but also divided the family living in the city. Some family members would be living on the east side of the wall and the other would be living on the west side. When U.S. President John F. Kennedy visited West-Berlin he declared in was a Berliner giving suport to berlin
  • JFK Assassination

    JFK Assassination F. Kennedy was the 35th President of the United States. On November 22, 1963, in Dallas, Texas kennedy was Campaigning in Texas. On November 22 several thousands of people came to see John F. Kennedy. As Kennedy car passed the Dealey Plaza he was fatally shot by a sniper. john F. Kennedy was assassinated by Lee Harvey Oswald.The same shooting also wounded the Governor and his wife. Vice-President Lyndon Johnson became the 36th President of the United States.
  • Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

     Gulf of Tonkin Resolution August 2 1964 the USS Maddox was attack in the Gulf of Tonkin by North Aug 4 President Lyndon Johnson announced two U.S. ships in the Gulf of Tonkin had been attacked by the North Vietnamese. Johnson acted by sending U.S. planes against North Vietnamese. The US Congress paased the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution giving the U.S. President the use of conventional military force in Southeast Asia. The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution started the in Vietnam war for the U.S.
  • Vietnam War - American involvement

    Vietnam War - American involvement
    https://history.state.govThe American involvement in the Vietnam War started with John F. Kennedy sending US advisors to south Vietnam. On August 2 1964 the USS Maddox was attack in the Gulf of Tonkin by North Vietnam. The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution was pass by Congress that give the U.S. President the power of the use of military force. From 1962 to 1973 the US fought a war in Vietnam with 536,100 Troops. By 1973 US started withdrew from Vietnam but support south Vietnam. But by 1975 the North captured Saigon
  • Tet Offensive

    Tet Offensive Tet Offensive was one of the largest military campaigns of the Vietnam War. Launched by forces of the Viet Cong and North Vietnamese army against the South Vietnam, the United States, and their allies. The communists launched a wave of attacks in the late night hours of 30 January. January 30 is Tet the Vietnamese New Year. The Allied unpreparednesscaused them to temporarily lose control of several cities. The Tet Offensive became the turning point of the war due to U.S. public opinion.
  • Nixon Presidency

     Nixon Presidency
    https://www.whitehouse.govRichard Nixon was elected the 37th President of the United States in 1969 to 1974.Before serving as Preasident he served as a U.S. Representative and a U.S. Senator from California. Nixon Presidency helped end the war in Vietnam, made a visit to China, and SALT I Treaty. Nixon witnessed the first large-scale integration of public schools in the South. But after his second Presidency the Watergate scandal came out and made Nixion Resignation.
  • SALT I

     SALT I
    https://history.state.govSALT I is the common name for the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks Agreement.SALT I was signed on May 26, 1972.SALT I stop a number of strategic ballistic missile launchers at existing levels. Also made number of older intercontinental ballistic missile were dismantled. SALT I also limited land-based ICBMs. SALT I limited the number of SLBM capable submarines that NATO and the United States could happen. Negotiations lasted from November 17, 1969, until May 1972 in meetings Helsinki,Finland.
  • The Yom Kippur War

    The Yom Kippur War Yom Kippur War was a war fought by the coalition of Arab states led by Egypt and Syria against Israel. The main goal of the coalition was the destruction of the country of Israel.The war started when the Arab coalition launched a surprise attack on Israel. The Arab coalition wanted the land loss in the Six-Day War also. Both the United States and the Soviet Union give resupply to both sides. This led to tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union and near-confrontation.
  • Fall of Saigon

    Fall of Saigon Fall of Saigon was the capture of Saigon, the South Vietnam capital by the North Vietnamese. The event marked the of the Vietnam war. With the fall of Saigon the North Vietnamese decisive won the war. The North Vietnam reunification South Vietnam with North Vietnam and the new Vietnam into a communist country. The US started Operation Frequent Wind become the biggest helicopters evacuation In history. They evacuation US civilians and south Vietnamese working for South Vietnam Government.
  • Korean Air Line Flight 007

    Korean Air Line Flight 007 Air Line Flight 007 was a Korean Airliner shoot down by the Soviet in the sea of Japan. The plane was go to Seoul from New York City stopping in Anchorage. All 269 people on the plane were killed in the shot down. At first the Soviet Union lied about the shot down plane but when the truth came out the Soviet say the American were spying on the Soviet with the plane. A US congress men was one of the people killed in the plane. The US was very mad about the shot down plane
  • Tiananmen Square Massacre

    Tiananmen Square Massacre Tiananmen Square Massacre of 1989 was the massacre of student by chinese Troops in Tiananmen Square. The protests were forcibly suppressed by the military to enforce martial law in the country's capital.In May 1989, nearly a million Chinese, mostly young students, crowded into central Beijing to protest for greater democracy. Over 2,000 People died in Tiananmen Square.
  • Fall of the Berlin Wall

    Fall of the Berlin Wall August 13, 1961, East Germany began to build the Berlin Wall. The official purpose of this Berlin Wall was to keep Westerner from entering East Germany.But also to stop mass defections from going West.The wall was 12 foot top with machine guns and patrolling soldiers with orders to shoot anyone. On November 9, 1989 the spokesman for East Berlin announced a change in his city’s relations with the West.More than 2 million people from East Berlin visited West Berlin that weekend to celebration
  • The Gulf War

    The Gulf War Gulf War was a war to liberate Kuwait from the Iraqi Army's occupation of Kuwait. On 2 August 1990, Iraq launched the invasion by bombing Kuwait's capital. After the invasion U.S. President George H. W. Bush deployed U.S. forces into Saudi Arabia and urged other countries to send their own forces. The war was one of the first live news broadcasts from the front lines of the battle. The war was nickname Video Game War beacause cameras on board U.S. bombers.
  • Dissolution of the Soviet Union

    Dissolution of the Soviet Union December of 1991,the Soviet flag flew over the Kremlin in Moscow for the last time.The mighty Soviet Union had fallen, due to the great number of radical reforms. Gorbachev reforms made the soviet lose power over the countries of Eastern Europe. Democratic momentum that led to the collapse of the Berlin Wall in November 1989.Then the overthrow of Communist rule in Eastern Europe.Then, in early December, the Republic of Belarus, the Russian Federation and Ukraine broke away for the USSR.