Is the collective term for a series of revolutions in Russia, in 1917, which destroyed the Tsarist autocracy and led to thhe creation of the Soviet Union.
Treaty of Versailles
Land and colonies taken away from Germany. Army was reduced to 100,000. They were not allowed to use tanks either. They had to take full blame for WW1. Germany had to pay for all the war reparations. After WW1, Germany was really weak because off this treaty which made it easy to take over. The USSR and US decided to split Germany up into 2- East and West Germany. West was controlled by the Soviets and East was controlled by the US. The US and USSR still had tension (the cold war).
League of Nations
This was a forum for resolving international disputes. The organization created the "idea of security" where superpowers such as the US and USSR are responsible for the security of nations under their sphere of influence. Once there was tension arising between the two it made the people uneasy.
MAD- mutually assured destruction Doctrine stood for the principle that if one country would attack using nuclear weapons the other would respond the same way.
The US, USSR, and UK met to discuss reorganization post WW2. The cold war divided the continent. Yalta became a subject of contraversy.
The United Nations is an intergovernmental organization to promote international co-operation. The United Nations was a direct result of Cold War problems.
Was a series of 13 trials carried out in Nuremburg, Germany between 1945-1949. The trials underlined the meaning of allied powers and set the stage for the cold war.
The United Nations General Assembly us the body in which every member of the organization is represented and allowed to vote. The USSR and US are apart of the security council together during the cold war and it made it hard for them to agree on things.
Iron Curtain Speech
Churchill traveled by train with Harry Truman to make a speech.Churchill talked about a special relationship the US has with England. He also talked about communism and the Soviet Union. A lot of people considered this speech the beginning of the cold war.
This plan is supposed to regulate atomic energy.
During the cold war, it was important to have nuclear/atomic energy regulated because if someone fired off a nuclear weapon then it would basically end in world domination.
This provides economic aid to greece and turkey and other countries who are about to/have fallen to communism. Attempt to stop soviet communist expansion during the cold war.
Economic aid to the USSR and its sattelite countries in Europe. It created more tension in the cold war because Eastern Europe got better and since western did not accept, they did not. Western Europe was under soviet control.
The Soviet Union blocked the western allies railway, road, and canal access to the sectors of Berlin. This was the first major crisis of the Cold War.
NATO's purpose was to unify/strengthen the western allies military response to a possible invasion and its warsaw pact allies. The Cold War was in full swing, as the soviet union was rising to power capturing sattelite countries. Their armed forces greatly increased in numbers whcih led other countries to greatly fear the Soviet Union.
Chinese Communist Revolution
It was the culmination of the chinese communist party's drive to power since its founding in 1921 and the second part of the chinese civil war. The effects from the chinese communist revolution may have been critical to the success of the civil rights movement in the US.
Joseph Mccarthy Speech
Gave his speech warning of communist in America. He gave specific names of people working within the state department and listed their crimes. Those idividuals lost their jobs, even though McCarthy was never able to give any more evidence to provetheir guilt. In the suspicious atmosphere of the cold war, insinuations of disloyalty were enough to convince many americans that their government was packed with traiters/spies.
North Korea is controlled by communist government. South Korea is controlled by the United States. The war started because the north invaded the south. With the US involved it did not help the tension between the USSR and the US.
Treaty between Albania. Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland, Romania, and the Soviet Union. It is a treaty of friendship, co-operation, and mutual assistance. Communist alliance during the cold war-ended when the war was over.
Sputnik had a big effect on the Cold War. "It was the dawn of the space age." It was the first artificial sattelite.When Soviets launched Sputnik , it caused America to freak out. They were worried that the satellite contained a weapon that would be fired at America. They also feared they were way bedind in technonolgy compared to the Soviets.
Bay of Pigs
This was a failed military invasion in cuba to overthrow Fidel Castro's government. We invaded because of the Cuban Missle Crisis which was a major part of the cold war.
Building of the Berlin Wall
Berliners were suspecting something but were not sure what to expect. They woke up one morning with a strange wall bordering between east and west Berlin.This only caused more tension between the US and Soviet Union.
The Berlin Wall cut off (by land) West Berlin from East Berlin. There was guard towers placed along the concrete wall. It was officially refered to as the "Anti-Facist Protection Rampart". The berlin wall seemed to sum up what the cold war represented-a clash between good and bad.
Fidel Castro Proclaims Communist Cuba
is a Cuban communist politician and revolutionary who served as Prime Minister of Cuba from 1959 to 1976, and President from 1976 to 2008.
Cuban leader Fidel Castro declared that he is a Marxist Leninist. The announcement sealed the bitter Cold War between the two nations.
Cuban Missle Crisis
Two superpowers came close to nuclear combat.The two superpowers came to one of their biggest cold war conflicts when they heard the soviets placed missles in Cuba to fire at the US. Thy spent pilots to fly over cuba to gather evidence if what they heard was true. There was missles there but the government made a deal to remove the missles.
U.S. sends troops to Vietnam
In responce of the Gulf of Tonik Incident President Landon B. Johnson, decided to escalate the vietnam conflict by sending U.S. troops tp the Vietnam.
The Apollo 11 was the space flight that landed the first humans on the moon. (Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin)
It had to do with the cold war because of the Space Race between Soviet Union and U.S.
It is an international treaty whose objective is to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons and weapons technology, to promote cooperation in the peaceful uses of nuclear energy, and further the goal of achieving nuclear disarmament and general and complete disarmament.
During the cold war, the fear was all about who was going to strike first. this is why the Cuban Missle Crisis was such a big deal. If cuba fired those missles on us, it could have ended in nuclear war.
Kent State Shooting
Involved the shooting unarmed college students by the Ohio National Guard. It was called the "May 4th Massacre" It killed 4 students and wounded 9 others. There was a lot of rallies in strikes going on at the time and some of the students shot and injured were striking/rallying. This event affected public opinion on the rivalry between the US and USSR.
SALT I & II
SALT 1- Strategic Arms limitations talks between the U.S. and Soviet Union.
SALT 2- June 18, 1979. Signed follow on treaty to SALT 1 to limit strategic launchers. It was signed by Leonold Brezhnev and Jimmy Carter.
Fall of Saigon
The Fall of Saigon effectively marked the end of the Vietnam War. America invested greatly to stop communism. America was distraught in 1949 when china fell to communism, an event the heightened the Cold War.
Pope John Paul II
He was pope of a catholic church from October 16,1978until his death in 2005. He helped win the Cold War.
She was the prime minister of the United Kingdom. She was in office from May 4, 1979 - November 28, 1990.
She was believed to help end the cold war. By the time she left office, the berlin wall had fallen and Eastern Europe was liberated. A year later, the USSR went down hill. Her and Ronald Reagan together with determination, helped defeat communism.
Soviets Invade Afghanistan
The USSR intervened in support of the Afghan communist government in its conflict with anti-communist muslim guerillas during the Afghan war. It was a watershed event of the cold war marking the only time the soviet union invaded a country outside the Eastern bloc- A strategic decision met by nearly world wide condemnation.
In office from: September 13, 1981 - November 2, 1987
He had Soviet relations from 1956-1963
Fall of the Berlin Wall
The Berlin Wall came down on November 10, 1989. The border was supposed to be opened only for "private trips abroad". On November 10th the demolition began for the wall. The rise and fall of the wall was during the cold war.
Lech is a Polish politician, trade-union organizer and human-rights activist. A charismatic leader, he co-founded Solidarity.
Walesa played a crucial role in organizing Roundtable talks with the party members. His energetic and enthusiastic campaign for Solidarity ensured that it was eventually given legal recognition and opportunity to contest elections in the Cold War.
START I & II
START 1- Signed by President Ronald Reagan required the U.S. and the Soviet Union to reduce their deployment strategic arsenals.
START 2- June 1992 Second Treaty of START 1. President George Bush and Boris Yeltsin signed the treaty.
During the cold war, the US and the USSR each built a stockpile of nuclear weapons. Soviet policy rested on conviction that a nuclear was could be fought and won. The US adopted nuclear deterrence, the credible threat of retaliation to forestall enemy attack.