The Cold War Timeline

  • Yalta Conference

    Yalta Conference
    SourceDuring World War II, U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin were discussing about the future progress of Europe whether it be in Democratic of Communist hand.However, this descision divided the Big Three because F.D.R and Churchill supported democracy and freedom for Europe but Stalin insisted that it'd be under communist control. Another deciscion was made that the Soviet Union would enter war with Japan to end the war.
  • Period: to

    The Cold War

  • North Vietnam

    North Vietnam
    Once Nazi Germany surrendered ending World War 2. The Big 3 were deciding what will happen during Post-War Europe. Many things were decided while Vietnam was kept as a minor problem. However because of this, communist activist Ho Chi Minh started to spread communism throughout Vietnam while enforcing it with a nationalist organization called the Viet Minh.
  • Berlin Declaration

    Berlin Declaration
    SourceOn June 5, 1945 in Berlin-Wendenschloss the supreme commanders of the war all met up to sign the Berlin Declaration stating the surrender of Germany and the supreme authority of the four winning powers. The document stated how Berlin will be split in four. Berlin was controled by four administrators from the Allied Forces called the Allied Kommandatura. However, the tensions began to increase between the Western Powers and Soviet Union for power.
  • Potsdam Conference

    Potsdam Conference
    SourceIn Potsdam Germany, US President Harry Truman, Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin, and British Prime Minister Clement Attlee talked about how to deal with post-war Europe once the war had finished. They talked about the reparations and what will happen to Germany hoping to not make them go for revenge again. And finally, the famous conversation between Truman and Stalin about the Atomic Bomb. Which probably sparked the Arms Race for nuclear weapons during the Cold War.
  • Iron Curtain Speech

    Iron Curtain Speech
    Source This speech announced the beginning of the Cold War when Churchill was praising the United States as the pinnacle of power and a world superpower. And also talked about how the Soviet Union
  • Containment Policy

    Containment Policy
    Source The containment policy limited the spread of communism throughout Europe by limiting it's power once communism had taken over one place. Truman used this policy to fight back the Soviet Union's spread of communism.
  • Marshall Plan

    Marshall Plan
    Source Truman's idea to battle against Communism spreading in Europe by helping West Berlin and exporting food, resources, and financial advisors to help rebuild the damaged state to make it stand back on it's feet again and prevent the Soviet Union from taking it.
  • Berlin Blockade

    Berlin Blockade
    Source This was a strategy by the Soviet Union to limit France, Great Britain, and the United States from traveling into their sectors of Berlin. This was because the Soviet Union wanted Berlin all for itself.
  • Berlin Airlift

    Berlin Airlift
    Source In order to fight back against the Berlin Blockade, the United States and the other two allies, France and Great Britain decided to use airplanes to go over the blockade and transport their resources that way to still support Berlin. The Soviet Union ended up giving up in the end once they saw that their plan had failed.
  • NATO

    Source While the Cold War waged on, the United States decided to create the North Atlantic Treaty Organization with countries who had democratic governments. So that if the US ever went into war, the alliances had to go into war with them as well.
  • Korean War - American Involvement

    Korean War - American Involvement
    Source On June 25, 1950. North Korean troops entered South Korea to capture it. However, the United Nations stepped in and pushed back the North Korean to the Yalu River. China and the Soviet Union then helped North Korea.
  • Eisenhower Presidency

    Eisenhower Presidency
    Source Once the death of Truman, Dwight D. Eisenhower ran for president and won. He was the leader of the NATO Alliance, originally a5-Star General, and was the Supreme Commander of D-Day. He was the president who began the space race.
  • Nikita Khrushchev

    Nikita Khrushchev
    Source After the death of Stalin, Nikita Khrushchev who was a loyal and important person who held high positions in the government had became the successor of Stalin and was named Premier and continued the Cold War against the USA.
  • Julius and Ethel Rosenberg

    Julius and Ethel Rosenberg
    Source Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were suspected ot be secret spies sending top secret nuclear weapon informaton to the Soviet Union and for espionage. They were then deemed guilty and were to be executed on the electric chair.
  • Warsaw Pact

    Warsaw Pact
    Source After the NATO Tready, the Soviet Union made it's move and created the Warsaw Pact which was similar to the NATO Tready. That if the Soviet Union went into war, the alliance had to back the Union up. The Warsaw Pact was a way to fight back against the NATO Treaty, but that wasn't enough honestly.
  • Vietnam War - American Involvement

    Vietnam War - American Involvement
    Source Once the expansion of the Vietnam War was approved, many US troops were sent to help South Vietnam. However, the US had suffered many casualties and hundreds of thousands were injured and thousands were killed.The news of this caused a massive protest to end the war and bring our men back home.
  • Sputnik

    Source During the space race between the Soviet Union and United States, the Soviet Union had launched the first satellite into space which was called Sputnik which changed the world inspiring new technological advances and even more.
  • Cuban Revolution

    Cuban Revolution
    Source Once the Cuban Dictator Fulgenico Bautista fleed Cuba, Fidel Castro stepped in and took his seat becoming the new dictator. The reasons why Bautista fled was because of the Cuban support that Fidel obtained through his movement and his ideology.
  • Bay of Pigs

    Bay of Pigs
    Source On January 1, 1959. Fidel Castro brought his Guerilla Army and overthrew Bautista. For two years the US tried to throw him out of power, In April, the CIA sent trained American Cubans who feld Cuba to strike back, but they were greatly outnumbered by Castro and gave up in less thatn 24 hours.
  • U2 Incident

    U2 Incident
    Source While a U.S. Spy Plane was sent to spy upon Russia, it had gone missing until the Soviet Union said that they have captured the pilot and destroyed the plane as well. Though, this was a suprise because the U.S. never expected that the Soviet Union would find out.
  • Kennedy Presidency

    Kennedy Presidency
    Source John F. Kennedy became the 35th president once he was elected in the 1960s. He was born a very wealthy family, gone through elite schools, a war hero, and the first Roman Cathloic to be president. In the events of his presidency he took part of the Cuban Missile Crisis and was later assasinated which caused an uproar.
  • Berlin Wall

    Berlin Wall
    Source On August 13, 1961. The Communist of Germany, which was in East Germany created a wall dividing Germany in half creating West and East Germany. This was created because they did not want fascists entering Eastern Germany from the West. During this, the Sputnik was launched and an overflow of immigrants from the East entered the West.
  • JFK Assasination

    JFK Assasination
    Source On November 22, 1963. JFK was assasinated as he was traveling through Dallas, Texas in a open-top convertible. He was then shot three times which fatally wounded him. The day after his death, Johnson became president. And the U.S. mourned for the death of their president.
  • Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

    Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
    Source During the Vietnam War, military planners had planned major strikes against the North. But, by summer, the North had taken over most of South Vietnam. On August 2, the U.S. destroyer Maddox was being attacked by North Vietnamese torpedo boats. Because of this, Johnson and several advisors supported the expansion of the war while others opposed it.
  • Nixon Presidency

    Nixon Presidency
    Source Richard Nixon was elected and became the 37th President. During his term, the nation was divided because of the war and turbulences in the cities. With that, Nixon ended the war and improved relations with the Soviet Union and China. However, later he resigned after the Watergate scandal.
  • Apollo 11

    Apollo 11
    Source On July 20, 1969. American astronauts Neil Armostrong and Buzz Aldrin became the first two people to set foot on the moon. Six hours later, Armstrong became the first person to actually walk on the moon. After that, there were 5 more sucessful lunar landings.
  • SALT I

    SALT I
    Source This treaty, the Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty, focused mostly upon ABMs and MIRVs. During the Cold War, this treaty helped limit the creation of weapons and slowed down the arms race between the US and Soviet Union.
  • Tiananmen Square Massacre

    Tiananmen Square Massacre
    Source Thousands of Chinese Troops stormed into Tiananmen Square killing thousands of protestors. This shocked the west and made the United Nations call forth sanctions and denunciations.
  • Fall of the Berlin Wall

    Fall of the Berlin Wall
    Source The Spokesman of East Germany announced the change of relations with West Germany. After that, a day later, East and West Berliners partied and drank while the destroyed parts of the wall.The reunification of Germany was official on October 3, 1990.
  • Dissolution of the Soviet Union

    Dissolution of the Soviet Union
    Source Once the Soviet Union collapsed, it had split apart into 15 countries. After that, the west deemed this as a victory that their rival had finally fallen and that was the end of the Cold War.