The Berlin Declaration was when the supreme powers of the western powers for the first time met with their colleuge
The Potsdam Conference was one of the last meeting in World War II with the top three heads of state. Consisting American President Harry S. Truman, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill (and his successor, Clement Attlee) and Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin.
first it stareted with china then things changed a bit. Vietnam War has roots in Vietnam’s centuries of domination by imperial and colonial powers. It was led by a Communist leader Ho Chi Minh, who founded a militant nationalist organization called the Viet Minh..
First Indochina War
The French corrupted the Vietnamese sovereignty by colonizing and dividing the nation. It became known as a French “protectorate” from 1883-1939 and remained a colonial empire or “possession” until about 1945. The U.S. soon came to the aid of South Vietnam and the War which ensued would greatly stir up American politics and cost a massive amount of American lives.
Greek Civil War
March of 1946, elections were held in Greece. During the course of the war, more than 80,000 people were killed while another 700,000 were left homeless. The civil war left Greece in shambles. However, in the 1950’s, Greece went through a growth of development, both socially and economically. By 1974 Greece was restored.
Kennan, who considered the Soviet threat to be primarily political, advocated above all else economic assistance. Nitze’s conception of containment won out over Kennan’s. NSC 68, a policy document prepared by the National Security Council and signed by Truman, called for a drastic expansion of the U.S. military budget.
In a June 5, 1947, speech to the graduating class at Harvard University, Secretary of State George C. Marshall issued a call for a comprehensive program to rebuild Europe. The Marshall Plan also institutionalized and legitimized the concept of U.S. foreign aid programs, which have become a integral part of U.S. foreign policy.
All the trails from west berlin to the soviet zone in Germany was blocked off completely. The Soviets persisted with the blockade until May 1949. By the time the Soviets ended the blockade, West Germany had become a separate and independent nation and the Russian failure was complete. Around the world, the Soviets were portrayed as international bullies, etc...
The Berlin BThe Berlin Blockade was an attempt in 1948 by the Soviet Union to limit the ability of France, Great Britain and the United States to travel to their sectors of Berlin, which lay within Russian-occupied East Germany. lockade was a huge crisis in the cold war. Coming just three years after the end of World War II, the blockade was the first major clash of the Cold War and foreshadowed future conflict over the city of Berlin.
NATO was the first peacetime military alliance the United States entered into outside of the Western Hemisphere. After the destruction of the Second World War, the nations of Europe struggled to rebuild their economies and ensure their security. It remains the largest peacetime military alliance in the world.
Soviet union tes a - bomb
Soviet physicists who worked on the bomb were honored for the achievement based on the penalties they would have suffered had the test failed. On September 3, a U.S. spy plane flying off the coast of Siberia picked up the first evidence of radioactivity from the explosion. the world lived under the threat of thermonuclear war for the first time in history.
Americans feared that the Soviet Union hoped to spread communism all over the world, overthrowing both democratic and capitalist institutions as it went. Communism was, in theory, an expansionist ideology, spread through revolution. It suggested that the working class would overthrow the middle and upper classes. many Americans continued to fear communists and their influence.
North Korea and South Korea set off in this fight which then eventually began the Korean War. The Korean War was the first “hot” war of the Cold War. Over 55,000 American troops were killed in the conflict. The public found the concept of limited war difficult to understand or support and the Korean War never really gained popular support.
The Australia, New Zealand and United States Security Treaty, or ANZUS Treaty, was an agreement signed in 1951 to protect the security of the Pacific. Although ANZUS was never expanded, the 1954 creation of the Southeast Asian Treaty Organization. On September 17, 1986, the United States suspended its treaty obligations toward New Zealand.
The Hungarian Revolution summed up everything the Cold War stood for. On October 23rd 1956, students and workers began to protest on the streets of Budapest and issued their Sixteen Points which included personal freedom, more food, the removal of the secret police, the removal of Russian control. http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/hungarian_uprising_1956.htm
The Suez Crisis was when Israeli armed forces pushed into Egypt toward the Suez Canal. Their intention was to go after Egypt's president, Gamal Abdel Nasser.The French and British both joined the Israelis.
Sputnik was launched by the Soviet Union. It was the world's first artifical satellite. The successful launch led to new political, military, technological, and scientific developments. http://history.nasa.gov/sputnik/
A diplomatic crisis arose when the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics shot down an American U-2 spy plane in Soviet air space and captured its pilot, Francis Gary Powers. This occurend when Eisenhower was president.The Soviets convicted Powers on certain charges and sentenced him to 10 years in prison. This raised tension between tthe Soviet Union and the U.S. http://www.history.com/topics/cold-war/u2-spy-incident
Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Alekseyevich Gagarin was aboard the spacecraft Vostok 1 and was the first man to travel into space. He orbited Earth at a maximum altitude of 187 miles and was guided entirely by an automatic control system. He was in space for one hour and 48 minutes. http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/first-man-in-space
Checkpoint Charlie was known as the border crossing of the Cold War days. The wall read " YOU ARE NOW LEAVING THE AMERICAN SECTOR." The sign itself became a huge symbol of the division of Cold War Berlin. It functioned as the main entry and departing point for diplomats, journalists and non-German visitors.
The Gulf of Tonkin incident is when North Vietnamese torpedo boats supposedly attacked the USS Maddox. It is what led to the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution which committed major American forced to the war in Vietnam. The resolution allowed the expansion for the Vietnam War. http://www.history.com/topics/vietnam-war/gulf-of-tonkin-resolution
U.S. military build up in S. Vietnam
The command and control arrangements in Vietnam changed between July 1965 and July 1966. The main change was the rapid buildup of the Air Force. Airpower became a very signifigant form of battle. In 1967 U.S. strength in the South Vietnamese war zone grew to 486,000 personnel. http://www.nationalmuseum.af.mil/factsheets/factsheet.asp?id=15303
SALT I was the first series of Strategic Arms Limitation Talks. During this period the United States and Soviet Union negotiated agreements to place restraints on some of their amendments. http://www.state.gov/t/isn/5191.htm
The Prague Spring is the breif period of time where Alexander Dubček wanted to democratise the nation of Czechoslovakia. IT ended when the Soviet invasion occured. This is when the removed Alexander Dubček as party leader to end reform. http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/prague_spring_1968.htm
In December of 1991 the Soviet Union broke apart into fifteen different countries. It was seen as a victory for democracy over totalitarianism. It portrayed that capitalism was superior in comparison to socialism. The Dissolution of the Soviet Union ended the Cold War.