Conference with the Big Three (US,USSR,UK) to discuss post war actions and arrangements.
The conference that is between Churchill, Stalin, and Truman. The agree to let Russia take the victory if they help the US in their fight against Japan.
Creation of the United Nations
Long Term Telegram
George Kennan telegram to congress on the Soviets and his thoughts on their long term goals. (Weaken Western Powers and turn everyone communist)
Iron Curtain Speech
Churchill calls out Stalin and his iron curtain of Communism that divided Eastern and Western Europe.
First Indochina War
Resulted in the Indochina spilt
South- Democratic (US advisors)
Soviets withdrawl from Iran
America's first win against the Soviets by making them leave oil rich Iran. Also streghthen relationships between Iran and the US.
Greek Civil War
Another win for the US, they backed the nationalist (DSE) while the Soviets backed the Communist (KKE)
Truman Doctrine Presented to Congress
Asked Congress for $400 million in aid plus advisors to help Greece andTurkey fight against Communism.
Soviets take control of Czechoslovakia
Truman signed the Economic Recovery Act
AKA the Marshall Plan, which allows the US to give aid to allied European countires (anyone against communism)
Isreal declares independence
The Soviets closed the border cutting off supplies to West Berlin.
To combat the blockade the US begin airlifting supplies to West Berlin.
Seuol is founded
South Korean capital.
China aligned with the USSR
NATO is created
Brings togehter Belgium, Canada, Denamrk, France, Iceland, Italy, Luxemburg, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, UK, US, Spain, Turkey, West Germany, and later Greece.
An attack on one is an atttack on all.
USSR explode their first atomic bomb.
Start of the arms race.
Truman announced delvelopment of a H-Bomb
Trying to get a leg up on the arm race, Truman pushes for the developement of the hydrogen bomb which would be stronger than the atomic bomb.
Sino-Soviet Pact is signed
To counter NATO the Soviets and China sign the Sino-Soviet pact.
Brinkmanship is intorduced: push until they want war
China helps North Korea ties in the war (technical win for the USSR)
Eisenhower is elected
Armistice Agreement between North and South Korea
The first time the US losses.
Nikita Khrushchev becomes the leader of the USSR
SEATO is created
Defend against communism
US, UK, France, Pakistan, Thailand, Philippines, Australia, New Zealand
WARSAW Pact is signed
Against NATO, collection of communist countries.
Long drawn out war that the US loses.
Hungary tries to revolt against the USSR but is quickly crushed.
Britian, France, and Israel attack and seize the Suez Canal, however US force them to withdarl to keep the canal open
Russians successfully test IBM's
Sputnik is launched
Fidel Castro takes over Cuba
Cuba aligns with the USSR and cuts ties with the US
Bay of Pigs
Unsuccessful attempt from the US to overthrow Castro.
The Sandistas (communist) take over Nicaragua the US supports the Contras to fight back. The US cuts off all aid to Nicaragua and only aids the Contras. The war ends with both sides agreeing to cease fire.
Begin building the Berlin Wall
Used to seperate the East Berlin from West Berlin
Cuban Missile Crisis
USSR tests the US by placing missiles in Cuba. Kennedy responds with a blockade. USSR withdrawls, in return the US removes missiles from Turkey.
Kennedy signs the Cuban Quaranten Proclaimation
Blockade against the USSR
Lyndon B. Johnson comes into office
Brezhnev comes into the power (USSR)
Brezhnev Doctrine created
Used to justify the invasion of Czechoslovakia and any other country that tries to go against the Soviet Union
Nixon comes into office
Nixon Doctrine Introduced
Allows the US to keep all of it's treaty agreements, however countires will need to fight for themselves with US aid.
Willy Brandt comes into office
Uses Ostpolitk to ease tension between Western Germany and Eastern Europe.
ABM Treaty is signed.
Gerald Ford comes into office
Jimmy Carter comes into office
Margret Thrasher comes into power (USSR)
Limits on armaments on both sides.
Iran Hostage Crisis
Iranian students stormed the US Embassy and took 60 hostages after their Shah fled to the US for medical care. The hostages were released after inagural speech. "swift and effective retribution"
Soviet's try to keep Afganistan. (fails)
Reagan comes into office
Martial Law in Poland
Reagan gives the Star Wars Speech
A that would end the Cold War arm's andspace race if it worked (it didn't).
A complicated system of lasers and mirrors that would kill missiles in space.
Korean Airlines Plane Shot Down
US invades Grenada
Reagan Doctrine is created
Now have the right to intervene anywhere
George Bush comes into office
Destruction of the Berlin Wall
The night after it is announced that citizens may move freely between West and East Berlin, the citizens tear it down with hammers and other tools.
Mikhail Gorbachev comes into power
Opens up Glastnost (meaning openess) to talk about what's going on in Russia
Perestrokia- reform starts