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Kat's Cold War Timeline

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    Cold War

  • Truman Doctrine

    Truman Doctrine
    President Harry S. Truman established that the US would provide political, military, and economic assistance to all democratic nations under threat from external or internal authoritarian forces.
  • Marshall Plan

    Marshall Plan
    Proposed by Secretary of State Genergy George C. Marshall. To prevent the spread of communism, the Marshall Plan provided $13 billion to rebuild war-torn Europe.
  • Policy of Containment

    Policy of Containment
    Well-known US dipolmat George Kennan argued for a policy of containment to keep communism within its existing boundaries and prevent further Soviet aggressive moves.
  • Berlin Airlift

    Berlin Airlift
    Soviets cut off all rail, road, and water routes to West Berlin in an attempt to force the Allies out of the city. Allies began sending cargo planes filled with food and supplies to the people of West Berlin.

    Soviets response to the Marshall Plan. Council for Mutual Economic Assistance. Created for the economic cooperation of the Eastern European states. Ultimately failed because the Soviet Union couldn't provide much financial aid.
  • NATO Created

    NATO Created
    North Atlantic Treaty Organization created in Washington D.C., between the US and its European allies.
  • Berlin Blockade/Airlift Lifted

    Berlin Blockade/Airlift Lifted
    The Soviets admitted defeat and lifted the blockade of West Berlin.
  • Germany Splits-West

    The Federal Republic of Germany, or West Germany, is created. Its capital is Bonn.
  • China Becomes Communist

    China Becomes Communist
    Chiang Kai-shek finally lost control of China, and the Communist Mao Zedong announced the formation of the People's Republic of China.
  • Germany Split: East

    Germany Split: East
    German Democratic Republic, or East Germany, was created by the Soviets. Berlin was divided into East and West sectors as well, and Eas Germany's capital was East Berlin.
  • Korean War begins

    Korean War begins
    The war began as an attempt by the Communist government of North Korea, which was allied with the Soviet Union, to take over South Korea.
  • Ike Becomes President

    Ike Becomes President
    Dwight D. Eisenhower becomes President of the United States.
  • Stalin Dies

    Stalin Dies
    Joseph Stalin, leader of the Soviet Union, dies, starting a power struggle to succeed him.
  • Korean War ends

    Korean War ends
    An armistice was signed to end the fighting, although there was no final victory. The 38th parallel remains the boundary line between North and South Korea.
  • SEATO created

    SEATO created
    Southeast Asia Treaty Organization. Created between the US, Great Britain, France, Pakistan, Thailand, the Philippines, Australia, ad New Zealand to stem Soviet aggression in the East.
  • Khrushchev comes to power

    Khrushchev comes to power
    Nikita Khrushchev emerges as the new leader of the Soviet Union. Pushed Malenkov out of office.
  • CENTO created

    CENTO created
    Central Treaty Organization. Created between Turkey, Iraq, Iran, Pakistan, Great Britain, and the US to help prevent the Soviet Union from expanding south.
  • Warsaw Pact Created

    Warsaw Pact Created
    The Warsaw Pact was created between the Soviet Union and its European Allies in Warsaw, Poland.
  • Sputnik launched

    Sputnik launched
    The Soviets launched Sputnik I, the first human-made space satellite, to orbit Earth. This made the US fearsome of the Soviets and made the president create NASA and other science related programs.
  • NASA created

    NASA created
    Created in response to the Soviet launching of Sputnik I. Began the Space Race. US was scared that the Soviets were scientifically more advanced than them.
  • Fidel Castro

    Fidel Castro
    Fidel Castro took over as Prime Minister of Cuba. He was pretty anti-American and eventually came the Cuban Missle Crisis.
  • JFK Becomes President

    JFK Becomes President
    John F. Kennedy is elected president. Succeeded Eisenhower.
  • Berlin Wall Built

    Berlin Wall Built
    Construction began on the Berlin Wall, dividing East and West Berlin. Eventually, it became a massive barrier guarded by barbed wire, floodlights, machine-gun towers, minefields, and vicious dog patrols.
  • Bay of Pigs Invasion begins

    Bay of Pigs Invasion begins
    President John F. Kennedy launched the Bay of Pigs invasion against Cuba. The purpose was to cause a revolt against Castro. It was a disaster.
  • Cuban Missle Crisis Begins

    Cuban Missle Crisis Begins
    President Kennedy found out the Soviets were placing missles on Cuba. He dcided to bloackade Cuba to prevent the fleet from reaching its destination.
  • The Cuban Missle Crisis Ends

    The Cuban Missle Crisis Ends
    Krushchev agrees to turn his fleet back and remove Soviet missles from Cuba if Kennedy pledges not to invade Cuba. Kennedy agrees.
  • Hotline Communications System

    Hotline Communications System
    Installed between Moscow and Washington, D.C., so that the superpowers could now communicate quickly in times of crisis.
  • JFK Assassinated

    JFK Assassinated
    President John F. Kennedy is assassinated in Dallas, Texas, by Lee Harvey Oswald.
  • LBJ Inauguration

    LBJ Inauguration
    Lyndon B. Johnson is inaugurated on Air Force One following the assassination of JFK.
  • Vietnam War

    Vietnam War
    Sometime in 1964, President Lyndon B. Johnson sent increasing numbers of US troops to Vietnam. Lots of hippies protested because war is bad.
  • Nixon into Office

    Nixon into Office
    Richard Nixon is sworn into the presidency succeeding LBJ. He won with his pledge to stop the war and bring the American people together. Finally, in 1973 he reached an agreement with North Vietnam to withdraw American soldiers.