Cold war

The Cold War

  • Yalta Conference

    Yalta Conference
    Yalta Conference Yalta Conference was the second wartime meeting of British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, Joseph Stalin and Franklin D. Roosevelt. The three leaders agreed to demand Germany’s surrender and began plans for a post-war world. Stalin also agreed to permit free elections in Eastern Europe and to also enter the Asian war against Japan.
  • Berlin Declaration

    Berlin Declaration
    Berlin DeclarationThe Berlin Declaration is a non-binding European Union. The Berlin Declaration was signed on 25 March 2007 in Berlin, celebrating the fiftieth anniversary of the signing of the Treaty of Rome which founded the European Economic Community.
  • Potsdam Conference

    Potsdam Conference
    Potsdam Conference Held in Berlin, the Potsdam Conference was the last of the World War II meetings held by the “Big Three” heads of state. People in the conference were American President Harry S. Truman, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin. They talked about a Council of Foreign Ministers and a central Allied Control Council for Germany.
  • North Vietnam

    North Vietnam
    North Vietnam North Vietnam, was a Marxist–Leninist government founded in 1945. North Vietnamese leaders met in Hanoi and decided upon a series of actions that escalated North Vietnam's participation in the conflict in South Vietnam.
  • Iron Curtain Speech

    Iron Curtain Speech
    Iron Curtain SpeechChurchill was invited to Westminster College in Fulton, Missouri where he gave the speech. Truman also joined Churchill on stage and listened to him. He gave this speech to ensure that United States and Great Britain had a close relationship.
  • Marshall plan

    Marshall plan
    Marshall planThe Marshall Plan also known as the European Recovery Program got over $13 billion to finance the economic recovery of Europe between 1948 and 1951. The Marshall Plan also successfully improved economic recovery.
  • Containment Policy

    Containment Policy
    Containment Policy The Containment Policy would adopt two approaches. One approach was military and the other was economic. In 1947 the U.S. Secretary of State George C. Marshall proposed a program to make American economic aid to Europe.With a rapid growth in the size of Communist parties, especially in France and Italy, the U.S. proposed a program of direct economic aid.
  • Berlin Blockade

    Berlin Blockade
    Berlin Blockade The Berlin Blockade was an attempt in 1948 by the Soviet Union to limit the ability of France, Great Britain and the United States to travel to Berlin. The blockade was the first major clash of the Cold War and created future conflict over the city of Berlin.
  • Berlin Airlift

    Berlin Airlift
    Berlin Airlift The Western Allies organized the Berlin airlift to carry supplies to the people of West Berlin. They flew over 200,000 flights in one year which provided them up to 8,893 tons of necessities each day, such as fuel and food. Neither side wanted a war so the Soviets did not disrupt the airlift
  • NATO

    NATO NATO also means, The North Atlantic Treaty Organization. It is an intergovernmental military alliance based on the North Atlantic Treaty, it was signed on April 4th. NATO's headquarters are in Brussels, Belgium which is one of the 28 member states across North America and Europe. An additional 22 countries participate in NATO's Partnership for Peace Program.
  • Korean War - American involvement

    Korean War - American involvement
    Korean War - American involvementThe Korean War began when 75,000 soldiers from the North Korean Army went across the boundary between the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea to the north and the pro-Western Republic of Korea to the south. This invasion was the first military action of the Cold War.
  • Julius and Ethel Rosenberg

    Julius and Ethel Rosenberg
    Julius and Ethel RosenbergJulius was arrested in July 1950 and Ethel in August of that same year.They were arrested because they thought they commited espionage. They were accused of heading a spy ring that passed top-secret information concerning the atomic bomb to the Soviet Union. Later on a judge announced them guilty and they were sentenced to death. They both died in an electrical chair.
  • Eisenhower Presidency

    Eisenhower Presidency
    Eisenhower Presidency He was the 34th President of the United States from 1953 until 1961. He was also a five-star general in the United States Army during World War II.Dwight aslo served as Supreme Commander of the Allied Forces in Europe.
  • Nikita Khrushchev

    Nikita Khrushchev
    Nikita KhrushchevKhrushchev He was born in Kalinovka. Whixh is a small Russian village near the Ukrainian border. At age 14 he moved with his family to the town of Yuzovka. When he moved there he was a metalworker and also did other jobs. Then he joined the communist Bolsheviks in 1918.
  • Warsaw pact

    Warsaw pact
    Warsaw PactThe Soviet Union signed a treaty establishing the Warsaw Pact. This pact put the Soviets in command of the armed forces of the member states.It was named Warsaw Pact becuase it was signed in Warsaw.
  • Suez Crisis

    Suez Crisis
    Suez Crisis On October 29 Israeli armed forces pushed into Egypt toward the Suez Canal after Egyptian president Gamal Abdel Nasser nationalized the canal in July of that same year. The Israelis soon were joined by French and British forces, which nearly brought the Soviet Union into the conflict, and damaged their relationships with the United States.
  • Sputnik

    SputnikThe Soviet Union made Sputnik which is the the world’s first artificial satellite. The spacecraft was named Sputnik after the Russian word for “satellite." It was launched at 10:29 p.m. Sputnik had a diameter of 22 inches and weighed 184 pounds and circled Earth once every hour and 36 minutes. It also traveled at 18,000 miles an hour.
  • Cuban Revolution

    Cuban Revolution
    Cuban Revolution The revolution began in 1952 when Sergeant Fulgencio Batista gained power during an election. Batista had been president from 1940-1944 and ran for president in 1952. When it showed that he would lose he quickly seized power before the elections. Many people were angry by his power especially one man named Castro. He started the cuban revolution.
  • Kennedy Presidency

    Kennedy Presidency
    Kennedy presidency JFK was elected in 1960 as the 35th president of the United States. He was 43years old which made him the youngest president. He was also the first Roman Catholic to hold office. He was born into one of America’s wealthiest families and he easily won the election.
  • U2 Incident

    U2 Incident
    U2 incident An international crisis happened when the USSR shot down an American U-2 spy plane in Soviet air space and captured its pilot. President Dwight D. Eisenhower was forced to admit to the Soviets that the U.S. was flying spy planes. The pilot was sentenced with 10 years in prison.
  • First man in space

    First man in space
    First man in space On April 12 on Vostok 1, Yuri Alekseyevich Gagarin became the first human being to travel into space. During the flight, the 27-year-old test pilot and industrial technician also became the first man to orbit the planet. Vostok 1 orbited Earth at an altitude of 187 miles and was guided entirely by an automatic control system.
  • Bay of Pigs

    Bay of Pigs
    Bay of pigs The first part of the plan was to destroy Castro’s tiny air force, making it impossible for his military to resist the invaders. On April 15, 1961, a group of Cuban exiles took off from Nicaragua with B-26 bombers painted to look like stolen Cuban planes. Castro and his advisers knew about the raid and had moved his planes out of harms way.
  • Berlin Wall

    Berlin Wall
    Berlin wallBay of Pigs On August 13, 1961, The Communist government began to build a barbed wire and concrete wall between East and West Berlin. The official purpose of this Berlin Wall was to keep Western “fascists” from entering East Germany. The Berlin wall stayed up until November 9th, when people were allowed to pass it and tear it down.
  • JFK Assassination

    JFK Assassination
    JFK AssassinationJFK the 35th president of the United States was assassinated while going through Dallas, Texas in a covertible. Lee Oswald fired three shots from the sixth floor wounding Kennedy and injuring Connally. Kennedy was pronounced dead 30 minutes later at Dallas’ Parkland Hospital. JFK died when he was 46.
  • Gulf Of Tonkin Resolution

    Gulf Of Tonkin Resolution
    Gulf Of Tonkin Resolution The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution gave approval for expansion of the Vietnam War. During the spring the military planners had made a detailed design for major attacks on the North. At that time President Lyndon B. Johnson feared that the public would not support the expansion of the war.
  • Vietnam War-American involvement

    Vietnam War-American involvement
    Vietnam War-American involvement The Vietnam War was a long conflict of North Vietnam and its southern allies. The war began in 1954 after the rise of Ho Chi Minh. More than 3 million people including 58,000 Americans were killed in the Vietnam War. By 1969 at the involvement in the war more than 500,000 U.S. military personnel were involved in the conflict.
  • SALT I

    SALT I
    SALT 1Soviet and U.S. negotiators met in Helsinki to talk about SALT. The negotiations continued for about three years until the signing of the SALT I agreement in May. They discussed two main weapon systems which were the anti-ballistic missiles and multiple independent re-entry vehicles.
  • Prague Spring

    Prague Spring
    Prague Spring On August 20, 1968, the Soviet Union answered Dubcek’s reforms with invasion of Czechoslovakia by 600,000 Warsaw Pact troops. Prague was not eager to give way, but scattered student resistance was no match for Soviet tanks. Dubcek’s reforms were repealed and the leader himself was replaced with Gustav Husak, who re-established an authoritarian Communist regime in the country.
  • Nixon Presidency

    Nixon Presidency
    Nixon Presidency Richard Nixon was the 37th U.S. president. He is best remembered as the only president ever to resign from office. Nixon stepped down in 1974 halfway through his second term. He was a former Republican congressman and U.S. senator from California. He served two terms as vice president under Eisenhower.
  • Apollo 11

    Apollo 11
    Apollo 11 American astronauts Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldrin became the first humans ever to land on the moon. About six-and-a-half hours later Armstrong became the first person to walk on the moon. The Apollo 11 mission occurred eight years after President John Kennedy announced a goal to land on the moon by the end of the 1960s.
  • Nixon visits China

    Nixon visits China
    Nixon visits China President Richard Nixon took a dramatic first step toward normalizing relations with the communist People’s Republic of China. He traveled to Beijing for a week to talk. Nixon’s began the slow process of re-establishing relations between the United States and communist China.
  • Detente

    DetenteDétente is a French word meaning release from tension. It is the name given to a period of improved relations between the United States and the Soviet Union that began in 1971. It started when President Richard M. Nixon visited the secretary-general of the Soviet Communist party, Leonid I. Brezhnev in Moscow.
  • Paris peace accords

    Paris peace accords
    Paris Peace accords The United States, South Vietnam, Viet Cong, and North Vietnam formally signed an agreement ending the War and restoring peace in Vietnam. The settlement included a cease-fire throughout Vietnam so the United States agreed to the withdrawal of all U.S. troops and advisors and the dismantling of all U.S. bases within 60 days.
  • Yom Kippur War

    Yom Kippur War
    Yom Kippur War On october 6th hoping to win back territory lost to Israel during the third Arab-Israeli war in 1967, Egyptian and Syrian forces launched an attack against Israel on Yom Kippur. Taking the defense forces by surprise Egyptian troops swept deep into the Sinai Peninsula, while Syria struggled to throw occupying Israeli troops out of the Golan Heights.
  • Iranian Revolution

    Iranian Revolution
    Iranian Revolution Rebels against the Shah happened in 1977, developing into a campaign that was religious. Between August and December 1978 strikes started occuring in the country. The Shah left Iran for exile on January 16 as the last Persian monarch leaving behind his duties. Then Khomeini came to power.
  • Iranian Hostage

    Iranian Hostage
    Iranian HostageIranian Hostage On November 4 in 1979 a group of Iranian students stormed the U.S. Embassy in Tehran, taking more than 60 American hostages. The immediate cause of this action was President Jimmy Carter’s decision to allow Iran’s deposed Shah, a pro-Western autocrat who had been expelled from his country some months before, to come to the United States for cancer treatment.
  • Reagan Presidency

    Reagan Presidency
    Reagan Presidency Ronald Reagan was a former actor and California governor. He served as the 40th U.S. president from 1981 to 1989. Reagan was raised in small-town Illinois and he became a Hollywood actor in his 20s and later served as the Republican governor of California from 1967 to 1975. Reagan also cut down taxes. He died at age 93 after battling Alzheimer’s disease.
  • Tiananmen Square Massacre

    Tiananmen Square Massacre
    Tiananmen square massacre Chinese troops stormethrough Tiananmen Square in the center of Beijing. They killed and arrested thousands of protesters. The brutal Chinese government assault on the protesters shocked the West. In May 1989 nearly a million Chinese students crowded into central Beijing to protest for greater democracy.
  • Fall of the Berlin Wall

    Fall of the Berlin Wall
    Fall of the Berlin wallThe Berlin Wall stood until November 9 when the East German Communist Party announced that citizens can cross the border whenever they pleased. That night many people went to the wall to cross. Some crossed freely into West Berlin while others brought hammers and picks to begin chipping away at the wall itself. To this day some of the Berlin wall pieces are still there.
  • Dissolution of the Soviet Union

    Dissolution of the Soviet Union
    Dissolution of the Soviet Union On December 25th the Soviet flag flew over the Kremlin in Moscow for the last time. A few days earlier representatives from 11 Soviet republics met in the Kazakh city and announced that they would no longer be part of the Soviet Union. They would become thier own independent states.