The Civil Rights Movement

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    The Civil Rights Movement

  • Executive Order 9981

    Executive Order 9981
    InfoPresident Truman signs the Executive Order 9981, saying that, “It is hereby declared to be the policy of the President that there shall be equality of treatment and opportunity for all persons in the armed services without regard to race, color, religion, or national origin."
  • Rosa Parks

    Rosa Parks
    VideoInfoRosa Parks was on her bus on her way home and sat in the front where the white people sit. The driver asked her to move to the back but she refused, which caused her to get arrested.
  • Montgomery Bus Boycott

    Montgomery Bus Boycott
    Montgomery Bus BoycottAfter Parks arrest, the African Americans protested by boycotting the bus system in Montgomery. This lasted for 381 days beginning at the start of Parks court hearings. This protest was lead by the famous Martin Luther King. This event leading after the arrest was the Montgomery bus boycott.
  • SCLC

    InfoMartin Luther King, Charles K. Steele, and Fred L. Shuttlesworth create the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC). It was a major force in organizing the civil rights movement and based its principles on non violence According to King, it is essential that the civil rights movement not sink to the level of the racists who were against them.
  • James Meredith

    James Meredith
    InfoJames Meredith becomes the first black student to enroll at the University of Mississippi. Violence and riots surrounding the incident makes President Kennedy to send 5,000 federal troops in.
  • Birmingham protests

    Birmingham protests
    InfoDuring civil rights protests in Birmingham, Commissioner of Public Safety Eugene "Bull" Connor used fire hoses and police dogs on black demonstrators. Images of brutality, were televised and published widely and were instrumental in gaining sympathy for the civil rights movement around the world.
  • "I have a dream" Speech

    "I have a dream" Speech
    InfoVideoAmericans gathered in DC for the political rally known as March on Washington for Jobs and Freedoms. This event became a key moment in the civil rights movement. This event is especially famous for Martin Luther King Jr. because he sighted his speech “I have a dream”.
  • Civil Rights Act

    Civil Rights Act
    VideoInfoThe Civil Rights Act was voted and signed by President Lyndon B. Johnson. This act brought an end to segregation in banned places, and banned employment discrimination based on color, race, sex, religion and national origin, which were the biggest things in the Civil Rights movement.
  • Selma to Montgomery March

    Selma to Montgomery March
    InfoVideoA march for the efforts in black voting lead by the Southern christian leadership conference from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama. This march was also lead by Martin Luther King Jr. who is one of the leaders of the conference.
  • Voting Rights Act

    Voting Rights Act
    InfoCongress passed the Voting Rights act and was signed by President LBJ, which helped black people vote and prevented the use of literacy tests, provided oversight of voter registration in areas where less than 50 percent of the nonwhite population had not registered to vote, and authorized the U.S. attorney general to investigate the use of poll taxes in state and local elections.
  • Executive Order 11246

    Executive Order 11246
    InfoSeeing that civil rights laws alone were not enough to stop discrimination, President Johnson issued the Executive Order 11246, which enforces affirmative action for the first time. It requires government contractors to "take affirmative action" toward minority employees in all aspects of hiring and employment.
  • Loving v. Virginia

    Loving v. Virginia
    InfoIn Loving v. Virginia, the Supreme Court rules that prohibiting interracial marriage is unconstitutional. 16 states that still banned interracial marriage at the time are forced to change their laws.
  • MLK Assassination

    MLK Assassination
    VideoInfoMartin Luther King Jr. is assassinated by James Earl Ray. In the shock of his death, President Lyndon B. Johnson wanted to speed up the civil rights acts to pass, and within days, he signed the Civil Rights Act of 1968.
  • Civil Rights Act of 1968

    Civil Rights Act of 1968
    InfoPresident Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act of 1968, which prohibited discrimination in the sale, rental, and financing of housing.
  • Civil Rights Act of 1991

    Civil Rights Act of 1991
    InfoAfter two years of debates, vetoes, and threatened vetoes, President Bush reverses himself and signs the Civil Rights Act of 1991, strengthening civil rights laws and providing for damages in cases of intentional employment discrimination.