The Chinese Dynasties By- Nayan Chavan

  • 150

    Spread of Buddhism

    Spread of Buddhism
    The spread of Buddhism was around the first century after BC; so AD. Buddhism spread along the Silk Road, which is a very busy and major trade route. The spread of Buddhism came from India (obviously, since the Silk Road runs through it). This is an example of cultural diffusion. (AD 100)
  • 150

    Silk Road Connectivity

    Silk Road Connectivity
    The Silk Road was so involved, it connected the Han Dynasty in the east with the Roman Empire in the west. This also made cultural diffusion common. (AD 100)
  • Period: 150 to 220

    Han Dynaty

    c. BC 206- AD 220
  • 200

    Following the Buddhists

    Following the Buddhists
    By now Buddhist altars had also been placed in the emperors' palace. Buddhist became a major religion in Ancient China. Many people started to embrace Buddhism. one of the reasons was because of their beliefs of rebirth and relief from suffering. These beliefs helped some get through the hard times during the Han Dynasty.
  • 220

    Period of Disunion

    The Period of Disunion starts after the collapse of the Han Dynasty. The Period of Disunion was when China split into several rival kingdoms, each ruled by military leaders. This period lasted more than 300 years.
  • Period: 220 to

    Period of Disunion

    The Period of Disunion started right after the fall of the Han Dynasty. This was when everything was low, ecomnomy wasn't good and such. Although, thankfully, Emperor Yang finally ended the period. He also then was the first emperor of the Sui Dynasty.
  • 221


    The compass was another great invention of the Chinese. This great invention helped travelers know which direction to go.
  • Period: 400 to

    Age of Buddhism

    Buddhism became so popular in China, that they called it the Age of Buddhism. The it also spread to Korea, Japan and many other Asian countries.
  • Nov 24, 605

    China's First Grand Canal

    China's First Grand Canal
    Emperor Yang started to build the first grand canal in China. The canal started in Hangzhou, China. This would make waterways to flow more. Also, this would enforce a convienient transportation.
  • Nov 29, 625

    Empress Wu

    Empress Wu
    She was China's first empress. She was married to a sick emperor. After her husband died, she thought she was not worthy of ruling and ruled with a iron fist. She lived from AD 625- AD 705. Her ways were vicious, but she was intellegent and talented. She was well respested to brings stability and prosperity to China.
  • Dec 2, 1003

    Dragon Backbone Pump

    Dragon Backbone Pump
    The Dragon Backbone Pump helped farmers. It helped farmers by transporting water up and down hills. Which cut down labor. Although, it was man powers, so men had run to power it. This agricultural tool was an advance that helped Chinese farmers with their crop span as well. So, now since the crop is getting enough water, it will survive, and raise business.
  • Nov 30, 1206

    Genghis Khan

    Genghis Khan
    Then in 1206, a powerful leader, united the Mongols. His name was Temüjin. When he became leader, though, he was given a new title: “Universal Ruler,” or Genghis Khan.
  • Dec 5, 1211

    Mongol's Conquest

    Genghis Khan then turned his attention to China. He first led his armies into northern China in 1211. Then, they fought their way south, invading and destorying thier whole towns and ruining a lot of farmland.
  • Dec 5, 1227

    Mongol Empire

    Mongol Empire
    Ghengis Khan dies in 1227 AD. Although, by then the Mongol's had taken over all of northern China.
  • Period: Nov 23, 1260 to Nov 23, 1368

    Yuan Dynasty

  • Dec 5, 1260

    China Under Control

    In 1260 Genghis Khan's grandson Kublai Khan became ruler of the Mongol Empire. He completed the conquest of China. In 1279 declared himself emperor of China. Then this began the Yuan dynasty. A period that some people also call the Mongol Ascendancy.
  • Dec 5, 1279

    Beginning of Yuan Dynasty

    In 1279, Kublai Khan declared himself emperor of China. Then this began the Yuan dynasty. A period that some people also call the Mongol Ascendancy.
  • Period: Nov 23, 1368 to

    Ming Dynasty

  • Dec 5, 1430

    New Emperor

    In the 1430s a new Ming emperor made Zheng He return to China. He also made him dismantle his fleet. At the same time, he banned foreign trade. China entered a period of isolationism, or no interaction.
  • End of the Ming Dynasty

    In the end, this isolationism had big problems for China. In 1644 the Ming dynasty was overthrown.
  • Last Emperor- Emperor Xian

    Last Emperor- Emperor Xian
    Emperor Xian rules as the last emperor before the Han Dynasty falls. He rules from AD c. 190- AD c. 220.
  • 5 Dynasties and 10 Kingdoms

    5 Dynasties and 10 Kingdoms
    China fell into another time for chaos and disorder. Although, this one was short and lasted only 53 years. It took place after the Tang Dynatsy.
  • First Paper System

    First Paper System
    Since China was getting to be so wealthy by trade and such. They were able to make new inventions. Such as in the Song Dynasty, the first paper system was made. It was mainly used for currenecy. Now the Chinese could carry around lighter weight money, and also, be worth as much.
  • Emperor Yang

    Emperor Yang
    The man who finally ended the Period of Disunion was a northern ruler named Yang Jian. In 589, he conquered the south, unified China, and created the Sui dynasty. He was the first emperor of the Sui Dynasty.
  • Completetion of the Grand Canal of China

    Completetion of the Grand Canal of China
    China's first Grand Canal was completed in c. AD 609. It took about 4 years to complete. Although it was still completed in the time period of the Sui Dynasty.

    Later, it got completed in the Yuan Dynasty. They extended it to Beijing. It started in Hangzhou, China. Making it 1,114 miles. Also, the longest and oldest man-made canal in China. The picture to your left is the present day canal in China. Which is still in use today.
  • Gunpowder

    Gunpowder was first was used for fireworks and such. Although, later it was discovered as a warfare use. Which gave China a big benefit.
  • Moveable Type

    Moveable Type
    Moveable type made printing much more easier. The moveable type is blocks with Chinese characters carved in it. So, they are almost like stamps.
  • Northern Song Dynasty

    Northern Song Dynasty
    During the Northern Song , the Song capital was in the northern city of Bianjing (now Kaifeng). This dynasty controlled most of inner China.
  • Period: to

    Sui Dynasty

  • Period: to

    Tang Dynasty

  • Period: to Nov 23, 1279

    Song Dynasty

  • Period: to

    5 Dynasties and 10 Kindoms

    Another recession begins. It almost like the Peroid of Disunion. This was when China broke up into independent parts. Although, it happens right after the Tang Dyansty.
  • Period: to Dec 4, 1127

    Northern Song Dynasty