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History of Civilisation (Neolithic to Modern)

By blahsum
  • Period: 10,000 BCE to 3000 BCE

    Neolithic age

  • 9600 BCE

    Establishment of Göbekli Tepe

    Establishment of Göbekli Tepe
    First use of Göbekli Tepe, oldest megalithic site known.
  • 9600 BCE

    Establishment of Jericho

    Establishment of Jericho
    First evidence of settlement activity at Jericho.
  • Period: 9600 BCE to 8000 BCE

    Göbekli Tepe use

  • 8000 BCE

    Construction of Jericho tower

    Construction of Jericho tower
    A massive project for its time that took many, many work hours to build, it's function is still unclear.
  • 8000 BCE

    Appearance of tokens

    Appearance of tokens
    Clay tokens of different shapes and sizes are used to convey information such as quantities.
  • 7500 BCE

    Establishment of Çatalhöyük

    Establishment of Çatalhöyük
    Based in Southern Turkey, Çatalhöyük didn't appear to practice much agriculture, yet still supported thousands of people - possibly through trade and religious pilgrimages.
  • 6000 BCE

    Painting of 'Running Horned Woman'

    Painting of 'Running Horned Woman'
    Painting of 'Running Horned Woman' at Tassili n’Ajjer, Algeria
  • 5500 BCE

    Establishment of Tepe Yahya

    Establishment of Tepe Yahya
    A key neolithic manufacturing and trade center in the Near and Middle East.
  • 5000 BCE

    Establishment of Aleppo

    Establishment of Aleppo
  • 4500 BCE

    Establishment of Uruk

    Establishment of Uruk
  • 3500 BCE

    Tokens begin inspiring writing in Sumer

    Tokens begin inspiring writing in Sumer
  • Period: 3500 BCE to 1100 BCE

    Minoan civilisation

  • Period: 3300 BCE to 1200 BCE

    Bronze Age

  • 3200 BCE

    Earliest known Egyptian Hieroglyphs

    Earliest known Egyptian Hieroglyphs
    A "billboard" of hieroglyphs carved into the rocks near the Egyptian village of El-Khawy.
  • 3200 BCE

    Clay tablets emerge with early writing in Sumer

    Clay tablets emerge with early writing in Sumer
  • 3180 BCE

    Establishment of Skara Brae

    Establishment of Skara Brae
    Neolithic settlement found on the Orkney Islands north of the Scottish isles.
  • 3100 BCE

    Earliest Stonehenge foundations

    Earliest Stonehenge foundations
    Evidence of pits dug to hold up wooden pillars, possibly for a building. Stones would later replace the wood.
  • Period: 3100 BCE to 30 BCE

    Egyptian dynasties

  • 2890 BCE

    1st Egyptian Dynasty founded

    1st Egyptian Dynasty founded
    First Egyptian dynasty founded by Menes (Narmer).
  • 2650 BCE

    Establishment of Mohenjo-daro

    Establishment of Mohenjo-daro
    Key city in the Indus valley and early example of extensive water management systems.
  • 2600 BCE

    Pyramid of Khufu

    Pyramid of Khufu
    Approximate founding of the Great Pyramid of Giza.
  • 2400 BCE

    First Blue Stones raised at Stonehenge

    First Blue Stones raised at Stonehenge
  • 2070 BCE

    Establishment of Xia Dynasty

    Establishment of Xia Dynasty
    Establishment of Xia Dynasty in North East China by Yu The Great, generally accepted as the first dynasty emerging from China's yellow river valley.
  • Period: 2070 BCE to

    Chinese dynasties

  • 1750 BCE

    Settlement of La Venta

    Settlement of La Venta
    The Olmec settle their capital, La Venta, just north of the Mesoamerican isthmus.
  • Period: 1750 BCE to 1050 BCE

    Mycenaean civilisation emerges

    Civilisations that arose on mainland Greece and would eventually conquer the surrounding areas, climaxing with the fall of Troy and disappeared during the bronze age collapse.
  • 1600 BCE

    Eruption of Thera

    Eruption of Thera
    Massive eruption that destroyed part of the Thera and sparked the decline of the Minoan civilisation on Crete.
  • 1600 BCE

    Establishment of Shang Dynasty

    Establishment of Shang Dynasty
    Start of Shang dynasty, the first Chinese dynasty supported by significant historical evidence. The Xia dynasty id defeated at the Battle of Mingtiao by a warlord named Tang.
  • Period: 1600 BCE to 400 BCE

    Olmec civilisation emerges

    Earliest signs of the Olmec as a civilisation, appearing in Mesoamerica.
  • Period: 1600 BCE to 1046 BCE

    Shang dynasty (China)

    First historically verified Chinese dynasty and a substantial influence on Yellow River (later Han) culture ever since.
  • 1300 BCE

    First Chinese oracle bones

    First Chinese oracle bones
    Special bones used by Shang dynasty diviners to read the future. An early form of writing that still echoes in the modern Chinese alphabet.
  • Period: 1200 BCE to 750 BCE

    Late Bronze Age collapse

    A dark age caused by multiple factors including natural resources running out, prolonged droughts and growing political instability, culminating to a collapse of the economies and most major civilisations of the Eastern Mediterranean, North Africa and Middle East.
  • 1178 BCE

    Defeat of Sea Peoples at the Battle of Djahy

    Defeat of Sea Peoples at the Battle of Djahy
    The battle that defeated the infamous 'Sea People', a still undefined group of marauders or refugees that attacked coastal settlements. The battle was fought against the Egyptians, who won and subsequently recorded the event.
  • 900 BCE

    Scythian civilisation

    Scythian civilisation
    Believed to be one of the first 'horse' societies later popularised by civilisations such as the Huns and Mongols.
  • Period: 900 BCE to 200 BCE

    Scythian civilisation

  • 753 BCE

    Establishment of Rome

    Establishment of Rome
    The accepted date of Rome's establishment, though little but myth remains on what happened.
  • Period: 509 BCE to 27 BCE

    Roman republic

    The period after the Romans kicked out the Etruscan kings and before it was changed into a permanent dictatorship under Augustus' reign.
  • 209 BCE

    Creation of Xiongnu federation

    Creation of Xiongnu federation
  • Period: 27 BCE to 476

    Roman Empire

    From Augustus, the first Roman Emperor, to Romulus Augustulus, who was deposed by a Germanic warlord.
  • Period: 330 to 1453

    Byzantine (Eastern Roman) empire

    From the revitalisation of Constantinople by Constantine the Great until the city is captured by the Ottoman empire.
  • Period: 793 to 1066

    Viking age

    Approximate period during which Norwegian sailors raided, traded with and provided mercenary forces to the British Isles and Western Europe.
  • 1120

    Establishment of Angkor Wat (Aprox)

    Establishment of Angkor Wat (Aprox)
    Established by Suryavarman II as a Hindu site, but started conversion to a Buddhist site after his death.
  • Period: 1206 to 1368

    Mongol empire

    The empire created by Genghis Khan through to slowly dissolving after the deaths of his grandchildren.
  • 1252

    Establishment of Shangdu (Kaiping)

    Establishment of Shangdu (Kaiping)
    Kublai Khan's famous city (also called Xanadu) that was central to the golden age of his reign in western China.