Qm 0140

Mongol, Quing, and Ming the Great Dynasties of China

  • Jan 1, 1185

    Temujin (Ghengis) Khan

    Temujin (Ghengis) Khan
    Temujin came to rule the Mongols in the Late 1100's, he later changed his name to Ghengis Khan. Khan means "Ruler," Ghengis means "Universal Ruler." Mongols established the Golden Horde at this time which implies the khan. Golden Horde: Was a Mongol khanate that was established and formed the northwestern sector of Mongol Empire.
  • Jan 1, 1200

    Mongol Warring Time

    Mongol Warring Time
    Nomadic warriors, the Mongols, went through a difficult warring period in the 1200's. They conquered fiercely and were well know for amazing strategy in combat, excellent fighting techniques, and exquisete horse riding mechaniques. During this time seige warfare greatly impacted these battles. Seige Warfare: Military blockade of a city or fortress with the intent of conquering by attrition of assault.
  • Jan 1, 1206

    Conquereing Rivals

    Conquereing Rivals
    In 1206 Ghengis built a powerful military, enforced strict discipline, and demanded complete loyalty of his troops, because of his feirce military they conquered their rival country groups. Ghengis told his men, "In the day light, we watch with the vigilence of an old wolf, at night with the eyes of the raven. In battle, we fall upon the enemy like a falcon.
  • Jan 1, 1227

    The Death of a Great Ruler

    The Death of a Great Ruler
    Ruling for aproxemently 21 years Ghengis Khan died and left his sons a huge empire. On his death bed he stated, "With heavens aid I have conquered for you a huge empire. But my life was too short to achieve the conquest of the world. That task is left for you." After his death his sons continued to rule but did not have as much impact as their father.
  • Jan 1, 1260

    Impacting with Force, a New Ruler Takes Mongolia

    Impacting with Force, a New Ruler Takes Mongolia
    Kublai Khan takes succession after Ghengis's sons. Kublai begins the Yuan Dynasty and in 1235 he began in small armies conquesting China but now he was emperor.
  • Jan 1, 1278

    New Arrival

    New Arrival
    This year of 1278 was the year Marco Polo arrived at China from Italy. Trying to increase trade was his main goal from Italy, but he was unsuccessful because Khan thought Marco's items were inferior so after 17 years exploring, journaling, and persuading Polo went back to Italy.
  • Jan 1, 1279

    The Defeat of Another Dynasty

    The Defeat of Another Dynasty
    Kublai Khan is at full strength, having complete power over northern China just leaves half a task left. Southern China was ruled by the Song Dynasty but they had no chance against the Yuan Dynasty, for they were no more after that battle. Also during this time the capital of China was moved to Bejing. With all of China under one hand Mongolians were forbidden to interweave in any part of Chinese men's lives or way of life.
    Song Dynasty: Covered Eastern China for 300 years.
  • Jan 1, 1279

    Peaceful Times

    Peaceful Times
    Hatred of Chinese filled each Mongolian especially the emporer. Kublai did want Chinese respect but had different ways of earning it. He forbid marriages between Mongolian and Chinese, taxed heavily, built more roads but mad the Chinese gaurd and man them.
  • Jan 1, 1281

    Surprise Attack

    Surprise Attack
    Battles were being held against Japanese but the Japenes used kamekazes to destroy land and people fast. Not a defined winner but it weakend both nations.
    Kamekaze used to be known as ''divine wind'' to rapidly sweep people away. Today kamekaze is an elite fleet of suicide aviators you purposefully crash and blow things up.
  • Jan 1, 1294

    End of an Era

    End of an Era
    After struggling to maintain his people, land, and battles, Kablai Khan dies, with unknown causes. Although Kablai died many more were about to with the introcution of the Black Death plague. Black Death is a bacteria that starts bubonic plague but it caused lumps, fevers, hellucinations, warts, blood blistures, and sometimes came with parasites that ate from the inside.
  • Jan 1, 1300

    Begining of Rebellion

    Begining of Rebellion
    After 5 years of Kablai son ruling China rebelled in hope for more peace and less taxes, Yuan Dynasty not quite overthrown but kingdoms are seperating and small groups of people are devising a plan.
  • Jan 1, 1368

    Last Rebellion of Yuan Dynasty

    Last Rebellion of Yuan Dynasty
    Yuan is completely destroyed and overthrown by rebel groups. The fall of this dynasty is an open door for a rising dynasty.
  • Jan 1, 1368

    Ming's Time

    Ming's Time
    China came under Ming Rule by peasent Zhu Yuanzhang. Zhu's rebel army overthrew Mongol rule and there after Zhu changed his name to Hongwu meaning "Vastly Martial." During his time as emporer he conquered Korea, Mongolia, and southeast Asia, expelled Mongols, and took to Confucianism.
  • Jan 1, 1398

    Passing it On

    Passing it On
    Years of in his opinion fixing what the Mongols did ends, and Hongwu dies. Leaving his empire for his son Yonglo.
  • Jan 1, 1402

    Control in Posession of Yonglo

    Control in Posession of Yonglo
    Was probably one of the most famous Chinese rulers for he built the Forbidden City and sponsered critical oversea voyages for foreign trade to various other countires.
    Forbidden City: Is located in Bejing and was the palace for both Ming and Quing dynasties and it served as a household for the imperial court for over 500 years.
  • Jan 1, 1405

    Muslim Voyages

    Muslim Voyages
    A man by the name of Zheng He led 7 voyages to China for trade with hundred boat fleets.
  • Jan 1, 1424

    Legacy of Yonglo May Begin

    Legacy of Yonglo May Begin
    End of his career did occure but his legacy will live on through out history he made his mark and his sons carried on.
  • Jan 1, 1433

    Ending to a Potential Money Maker

    Ending to a Potential Money Maker
    At this time money flowing in from the voyages that came to China had slowed down, Yonglo didn't seem to like much of the items and he wanted to isolate the culture more from other religions.
  • Jan 1, 1500

    Era of Nameless Emperors

    Era of Nameless Emperors
    A emperor from here on restricted foreign trade and wanted to completely isolate China. At this time Christians had come but the Chinese did not take to their culture.
  • Jan 1, 1500

    Aid from America

    Aid from America
    Ships from America brought corn, sweet potatos, porcelin, and silk. All of these items increased China's output of farming and boosted their population greatly.
  • Jan 1, 1500

    Start of Decline

    Start of Decline
    Ming Dynasty is beginnig to decline, the rulers start loosing money and raise taxes, which irritated people of their own land but they did not do much about it.
  • More Religion from the Outside World

    More Religion from the Outside World
    An influencial religous figure from Italy was a Jesuit priest and began to spread his religion. He learned Chinese himself to communicate but it was in a way futile it doesn't last very long.
  • Restoration of a Later Monument

    Restoration of a Later Monument
    In need of protection from advancing invaders the Ming restored the Great Wall of Chine. It was a type of warning system with watch towers where a lantern would turn on if an enemy was approaching.
  • Quing Begin

    Quing Begin
    The Quing invade from the northwest and take the capital, the last Ming emperor commits suicide giving Quing ultimate power over his previous land and people.
  • Quing

    Quing
    To appeal more to the Chinese the Qing maintained Confucian ideals but would not let Quing marry Chinese, they would also not let their women footbind, and Chinese men were forced to wear their hair like Quing men. The Chinese were forced to play follow the leader once again.
    Men were to wear their hair in Queue a long braided pigtail.
  • Expansion Under New Ruler

    Expansion Under New Ruler
    Kangxi expanded his empire vastly and reduced taxes which boosted the economy. Kangxi liked Jesuit and was one, so he boosted their education so their religion spread greatly. To show respect to leaders of Asian desent mostly men would Kowtow of touch one's head to the ground to show their reverence and your loyalty and respect.
  • From Hand to Hand

    From Hand to Hand
    Every good thing for a nation has to end at some point. Kangxi now passes the role of emperor to his lineage.
  • Like Father like Grandson

    Like Father like Grandson
    Qianlon, Kangxi's grandson puts China at it's biggest expansion yet with the conquereing of Taiwan, Mongolia, and Tibet. With new land agriculture and farming goes up in numbers, supplying more families with food and the population goes up by 300 million.
    To conquer these oversea lands and to trade the Chinese use Junks; A flat bottomed sailing boat used in China and East Indies.
  • Economy Boost

    Economy Boost
    Qianlon achieved many great accomplishments like bringing back foreign trade. Now he was trading with India, Europe, and possibly the Americas. With this the economy was at a high and so was their income.
  • New Faces

    New Faces
    As trade flourished in this land so many more countries and people wanted China's goods, including Britain. British official Lord George MaCartney wanted to China to expand their trade even more. But Qianlong despised the British trinckets and wholesale goods so he said no.
  • Sign of Downhill Spiral

    Sign of Downhill Spiral
    Qianlon did so many wonderful things to give China a better future but he died in this year leaving this country with his dynasty.
  • Behind the Times

    Behind the Times
    Britian still persisted on trade but the answer was constantly no. Unfourtunetly China started consistantly restricting trade imparing their technologicle advances. Now instead of thriving they were dwindling in advances and never completly grew to their full potiential.
  • End of the Last

    End of the Last
    Because of the trade restriction in 1911 the Quing dynasty fell, it was China's last dynasty but it left a big mark being exsistent for over 300 years.