World map

600 - 1450 C.E.

  • 300

    The kingdom of Ghana

    The kingdom of Ghana
  • Period: 300 to Jan 1, 1200

    The Kingdom of Ghana

    -placed in between the Senegal and Niger rivers
    -borders Mali and Mauritania
    -22 kings ruled
    -principal state of west Africa
  • 570

    Muhammad

    Muhammad
  • Period: 570 to Jan 1, 632

    Muhammad

    -born 570
    -became a prophet of Allah
    -"leader" of the Muslims
    -died in 632
  • 589

    Sui dynasty

    Sui dynasty
  • Period: 589 to Jan 1, 618

    Sui Dynasty

    -placed enormous demands on their subjects in the course of building strong, centralized government
    -ordered the construction of very many complex projects
    -levied high taxes
  • Jan 1, 618

    Tang Dynasty

    Tang Dynasty
  • Period: Jan 1, 618 to Jan 1, 907

    Tang Dynasty

    -organized China into a powerful, productive and prosperous society
    -many successes were due to the second emperor, Tang Taizong
    -produced many inventions and technology
    -decline caused by increase in taxes, invaders, rebellions and inability to control vast empire
  • Jan 1, 650

    The First Bubonic Plague Pandemic

    The First Bubonic Plague Pandemic
    -also known as the 'black death'
    -one of the most destructive diseases in that time
    -no medicines, resistance, or immunity to repel
    -the only 'cure' was death
    -caused populations to decline in China and Europe
    -bacterial infection transmitted by fleas that turned skin black
  • Jan 1, 661

    Umayyad Dynasty

    Umayyad Dynasty
  • Period: Jan 1, 661 to Jan 1, 750

    The Umayyad Dynasty

    -solved a problem of succession that was occurring
    -ranked most prominent of Mecca merchant clans
    -tightly centralized rule
    -policies reflected Arab military aristocracy
  • Jan 1, 668

    Silla dynasty

    Silla dynasty
  • Period: Jan 1, 668 to Jan 1, 935

    Silla Dynasty

    -prevented Chinese domination of the Koren peninsula
    -agreed to a political compromise with Tang
    -recognized Tang emperor as overlord
  • Jan 1, 710

    Nara Period

    Nara Period
  • Period: Jan 1, 710 to Jan 1, 794

    Nara period

    -centered on the city of Nara
    -highest point of Chinese influence
  • Jan 1, 750

    Abbasid Dynasty

    Abbasid Dynasty
  • Period: Jan 1, 750 to Jan 1, 1258

    The Abbasid Dynasty

    -the principle source of authority in the dar al-Islam
    -not a conquering dynasty but struggled with invaders
    -came after the Umayyad dynasty
    -more cosmopolitan than the Umayyad dynasty
  • Jan 1, 768

    Reign of Charlemagne

    Reign of Charlemagne
  • Period: Jan 1, 768 to Jan 1, 814

    Reign of Charlemagne

    -Charles Martel's grandson
    -maintained diplomatic relations with other empires
    -extended authority to Spain​
  • Jan 1, 794

    Heian Period

    Heian Period
  • Period: Jan 1, 794 to Jan 1, 1185

    The Heian Period

    -samurai's appeared during this period (land protectors)
    -imperial capital was Heian-kyō
    -characterized by the flourishing culture of the aristocratic court
    -focused on the art and literature aspect of civilization
    -attacked and overtaken by outside forces
  • Jan 1, 900

    Then Kingdom of Angkor

    Then Kingdom of Angkor
  • Period: Jan 1, 900 to Jan 1, 1300

    The Kingdom of Angkor

    -located in Cambodia
    -utilized vast resources of labor and wealth
    -partially abandoned in 1431
    -political inceptions imported from India
    -adapted to local traditions
  • Jan 1, 960

    Song Dynasty

    Song Dynasty
  • Period: Jan 1, 960 to Jan 1, 1279

    Song Dynasty

    -mistrusted military leaders
    -focused on civil administration, industry, education and art rather than military affairs
    -overtaken by the Mongols
  • Jan 1, 1050

    Saljuq control over Abbasid Dynasty

    Saljuq control over Abbasid Dynasty
  • Period: Jan 1, 1050 to Jan 1, 1258

    Saljuq control over Abbasid dynasty

    -true source of power in the Abbasid empire
    -nomadic people from central Asia
  • Jan 1, 1054

    Schism between eastern and western Christian Church

    Schism between eastern and western Christian Church
    -tensions mirrored political strains between the Roma and Constantinople Christian Church
    -ritual and doctrinal differences
    -relations became so strained, they separated, creating a schism
  • Jan 1, 1066

    Norman Invasion of England

    Norman Invasion of England
    -lead by Duke William
    -very tightly centralized government
    -brought Normandy policies and traditions into England​
  • Jan 1, 1095

    The First Crusade

    The First Crusade
  • Period: Jan 1, 1095 to Jun 14, 1099

    The First Crusade

    -Pope Urban II ordered Christian knights to take back the holy lands
    -Christian knights built 3 siege towers to aid in the battle (finished on June 13)
    -tens of thousands were slaughtered in the process
  • Jan 1, 1100

    The Kingdom of the Great Zimbabwe

    The Kingdom of the Great Zimbabwe
  • Period: Jan 1, 1100 to Jan 1, 1500

    The Kingdom of the Great Zimbabwe

    -the heart of a thriving trade empire
    -the capital of the Zimbabwe, which was located between the Zambesi and Limpopo rivers
    -known for gold, ivory and slaves
  • Jan 1, 1127

    Mongol Conquest of China

    Mongol Conquest of China
  • Period: Jan 1, 1127 to Jan 1, 1279

    Mongol conquest of China

    -northern China was taken in 1127
    -taken by Chingis Khan
    -southern China was taken in 1279
    -Taken by Khubilai Khan
  • Jan 1, 1198

    The Fourth Crusade

    The Fourth Crusade
  • Period: Jan 1, 1198 to Jan 1, 1229

    The Fourth Crusade

    -because of the power struggles, the crusaders diverted their mission to topple the Byzantine empire
    -declared war on Constantinople
    -ended with the conquest of looting the empire later that year
  • Jan 1, 1200

    Inca Empire

    Inca Empire
  • Jan 1, 1200

    Mali Empire

    Mali Empire
  • Period: Jan 1, 1200 to Jan 1, 1572

    Inca Empire

    -built empire through military strength
    -population: 12 million
    -very advanced technology
    -was quickly overtaken by Spanish invaders and overwhelmed by diseases
  • Period: Jan 1, 1200 to Jan 1, 1545

    Mali Empire

    -in 1300, it was one of the largest empires in the world
    -took over the kingdom of Ghana after it's leaders couldn't stabilize it again
    -controlled and taxed almost all trade in west Africa
    -the capital city was Niani
  • Jan 1, 1206

    Reign of Chinggis Khan

    Reign of Chinggis Khan
  • Period: Jan 1, 1206 to Jan 1, 1227

    Reign of Chinggis Khan

    -unified Mongols
    -proclaimed as "universal leader"
    -expanded Mongol empire
    -first ruler of Mongols
  • Jan 1, 1260

    Reign of Khublai Khan

    Reign of Khublai Khan
  • Period: Jan 1, 1260 to Jan 1, 1294

    Reign of Khublai Khan

    -spent four years fighting off contenders for the rule
    -presided over the Mongol Empire at its highest
    -finished Chinggis Khan's work
  • Jan 1, 1271

    Marco Polo's trip to China

    Marco Polo's trip to China
  • Period: Jan 1, 1271 to Jan 1, 1295

    Marco Polo's trip to China

    -went at 17 years of age
    -the great khan took a special liking to Marco because of his being an amazing conversationalist and storyteller
    -was sent on diplomatic missions by khan
  • Jan 1, 1279

    The Sultanate of Delhi

    The Sultanate of Delhi
    -claimed authority over all of northern India
    -conceived plans to conquer southern India and extend Muslim rule there
    -faced constant challenges from Hindu princes in neighboring lands
  • Jan 1, 1279

    Yuan Dynasty

    Yuan Dynasty
  • Period: Jan 1, 1279 to Jan 1, 1368

    Yuan Dynasty

    -founded by Khubilai Khan
    -southern China
  • Jan 1, 1304

    Ibn Battuta

    Ibn Battuta
  • Period: Jan 1, 1304 to Jan 1, 1369

    Ibn Battuta

    -best known Muslim traveler
    -was a Qadi advisor to the sultanate of Delhi
    -traveled as qadi to many places
  • Jan 1, 1312

    Reign of Mansa Musa

    Reign of Mansa Musa
  • Period: Jan 1, 1312 to Jan 1, 1337

    Reign of Mansa Musa

    -significance of trade in Islam increased during his rule
    -made pilgrimage to Mecca in 1324
    -took religion seriously
  • Jan 1, 1336

    Tamerlane

    Tamerlane
    -Turkic-Mongol conquerer
    -built central Asian empire rivaling that of Chinggis Khan
    -lead campaigns of conquest
  • Jan 1, 1337

    The Hundred Year's War

    The Hundred Year's War
  • Period: Jan 1, 1337 to Jan 1, 1453

    The Hundred Year's War

    -involved France and England
    -main factors were that 1) the king of England wanted to claim the throne of France and 2) over who got the status of the ​duchy
    -no clear winner (war just kind of died out because England realized France's troops were too strong to handle)
  • Jan 1, 1368

    Ming Dynasty

    Ming Dynasty
  • Period: Jan 1, 1368 to

    Ming Dynasty

    -founded by Hongwu
    -known for cultural brilliance
    -set to eliminate all Mongol traces
    -little interest in scholarly matters
    -reestablished​ civil service exams
  • Jan 1, 1405

    Zheng He's Expeditions

    Zheng He's Expeditions
  • Period: Jan 1, 1405 to Jan 1, 1433

    Zheng He's expeditions

    -gone for almost 30 years
    -he was a eunuch admiral
    -went on each voyage with a fleet of ships (usually around 250)
    -went to Asia, India, Ceylon, Persia​, Arabia, and Malinda
  • Jan 1, 1453

    The Fall of Constantinople

    The Fall of Constantinople
    -created by Emperor Constantine
    -fell to the Ottoman Turks
    -renamed Istanbul