Sui dynasty 581 ad  618 ad  a shortlived chinese dynasty74f67b6c85472944cddd

Sui, Tang, and Song Dynasty (Resurgence of Empire in East Asia)

By mixheee
  • 581

    Sui Wendi (Yang Jian)

    Sui Wendi (Yang Jian)
    Establishment of Sui Dynasty- He claimed the throne and Mandate of Heaven when the last emperor of Northern Zhou died (which is also his father-in-law).
    - Being an ambitious rule in the northern China, He embarked a series of military campaings to all of China.
  • 581

    Three Departments and Six Ministries (Political)

    Three Departments and Six Ministries (Political)
    Three Departments and Six Ministries
    was officially instituted during the Sui Dynasty. This policy replaced the policy developed in Qin Dynasty called "Three Lords and Nine Ministers." The three departments included Secretariat, Chancellery, and State Affairs.
  • 581

    'WuZhu' Coins (Economic)

    'WuZhu' Coins (Economic)
    Chinese Coinage - Emperor Wendi established his own coins and abolished the older coins. After defeating the Chen Dynasty, Wendi made the coins as the legal currency called 'Sui Wu Zhu'.
  • 581

    Women in the Society (Social)

    Women in the Society (Social)
    During the Sui Dynasty, women were still not respected by men, which they were considered in a lower class. Some women were forced to work when constructing the Great Canal.
  • Period: 581 to Nov 9, 618

    Sui Dynasty

    History of the Sui Dynasty - The Sui Dynasty was short-lived, however it was able to reunified the country and construct the Great Canal. Also, it followed ruling system like the Qin Dynasty.
  • 589

    Control in All Nations (Political)

    Control in All Nations (Political)

    History of Sui Dynasty
    - The Sui Dynasty ruled all of China and they demanded a strong, centralized government like the Qin Dynasty. Although the Sui Dynasty reunified all the nations, however the dynasty only lasted for 38 years.
  • 590

    Land Equalization System (Economic)

    Land Equalization System (Economic)
    Land Equalization System - In order to reduce the gap between the rich and poor, Sui Wendi use land equalization system (established during the Han Dynasty) to distribute lands equally to the poors.
  • 595

    Zhaozhou Bridge (Social)

    Zhaozhou Bridge (Social)
    Anji Bridge
    - Also called Anji Bridge or Great Stone Bridge. It is one of the oldest standing bridge ( open-spandrel stone segmental arch bridge ).The bridge crosses the Xiao River, and it was designed by a Chinese man called Li Chun.
  • Nov 9, 605

    The Great Canal (Economic)

    The Great Canal (Economic)
    The Great Canal is Sui Dynasty one of the world's largest water works project completed y Sui Yangdi. The purpose for this canal was to conect the northern and southern part of china to facilitate trade.
  • Nov 11, 606

    Imperial Examination Systems (Political)

    Imperial Examination Systems (Political)
    Started - Also known as the Keju System. The Imperial Examination Systems started in the Sui Dynasty. The main purpose of the examination was to choose officials from educated scholars.
  • Nov 11, 615

    Shipbuilding Development (Social)

    Shipbuilding Development (Social)
    Shipbuilding was highly developed during the Sui Dynasty. One example would be like the giant dragon boat, it was much stronger than ships built before the Sui.
  • Period: Jun 18, 618 to Jun 1, 907

    Tang Dynasty

    History of the Tang Dynasty - The Tang Dynasty was considered one of the most glorious time period with magnificent poems and new discoveries like gunpowder.
  • Nov 11, 618

    Military Expansion (Political)

    Military Expansion (Political)
    Military Expansion gained many territories for the Tang Dynasty throughout Asia. It also fascinated more trade in Chang'an and became more tolerance to foreign religion.
  • Nov 11, 618

    Legal System of the Tang (Political)

    Legal System of the Tang (Political)
    One of the most comprehensive and detailed system, the legal system consists of 4 basic forms: Lu (criminal law), Ling (institutionals regulations), Ge (administrative rules), and Shi (formulas of official documents).
  • Nov 11, 618

    Tang Poems (Social)

    Tang Poems (Social)
    Tang poems was considered one of the most glorious cultural achievements in Chinese histories, where there are no other time period that could surpass it. Most theme of the poems were about life, peace, historic affairs, and imagination fantasies.
  • Nov 11, 618

    Tang Government (Political)

    Tang Government (Political)
    The Tang government was a monacrchy, where it was led by an all-powerful leader. It followed the Three Departments and Six Ministries from the Sui Dynasty. Many countries like Vietnam, followed the Tang's governing style.
  • Nov 9, 626

    Tang Taizong

    Tang Taizong
    In order to become the emperor of the Tang Dynasty, he murdered two of his brothers. He saw himself as a Confucian ruler and established three major policies to explain his success:
    1. Maintenance of a well-articulated transportation and communication work
    2. Distribution of land according to the principles of the equal-field system
    3. Reliance on a bureaucracy
  • Nov 11, 650

    ZuYongDiao System (Economic)

    ZuYongDiao System (Economic)
    ZuYongDiao System is a tax system that made the men give two piculs of grain (Zu) and cotton fabric (Diao) per year, including 20 working days (Yong). However, this system excluded the wealthy nobles and high social classes.
  • Nov 9, 690

    Wu Zhao: The Lady Emperor

    Wu Zhao: The Lady Emperor
    Wu ZeTianShe took the opportunity of claiming the throne when the emperor suffered through a stroke at 690CE. She was an effective ruler that quashied rebellions and organized military campaigns.
  • Nov 9, 705

    Gun Powder (Social)

    Gun Powder (Social)
    History of Gunpowder
    It was discovered by Daoist alchemists, however it wasn't for weapon at first. In fact, alchemists were trying to find a way for eternal life. By combining sulphur and saltpeter with charcoal, gunpowder was created. The military force put gunpowder into bamboo creating a weapon call "fire lances" - kind of flamethrower.
  • Nov 9, 715

    Women of the Tang (Social)

    Women of the Tang (Social)
    Women of the Tang - Women were starting to gain more right in the society of Tang Dynasty, which means there were more respect and power. Wu Zhao would be a good example of this social change due to her imperial title of "The Lady Emperor".
  • Nov 11, 750

    Silk Development (Economic)

    Silk Development (Economic)
    During the Tang Dynasty, silk reached its highest point ; better quality. Chang'an got more popular for trading, which later became one of the largest most cosmopolitan cities of all times.
  • Nov 11, 780

    Double Tax System (Economic)

    Double Tax System (Economic)
    Double Tax System was a system against the unfairness of the "ZuYongDiao system." The new tax system included taxing the wealthy novles unlike the ZuYongDiao System.
  • Nov 9, 960

    Song Taizu

    Song Taizu
    History of Song Dynasty The emperor that inaugrated the policy about more emphasis on civil administration, industry, education and arts. Having a reputation of honesty and effectiveness, he persuaded his generals to retire honorably to a life of leisure.
  • Period: Nov 9, 960 to Nov 9, 1279

    Song Dynasty

    History of the Song Dynasty - The Song Dynasty never built a very strong state. There were more emphasis on civil administration, industry, education and arts.
  • Nov 11, 960

    Foot Binding (Social)

    Foot Binding (Social)
    Foot binding was one of the most painful practice in Chinese history for women. It consisted a tight wrapping of young girl's feel with strips of cloth. The purpose for this practice was to enhance attractiveness and gain increased control over the girl's behavior. However, most women needed canes to walk with once they got their foot binded.
  • Nov 11, 960

    Patriarchal Social Structure (Social)

    Patriarchal Social Structure (Social)
    During the Song dynasty, ancestor worships was one of the important factors in the society. It is because people believed that deities and ghost (spiritual) would interact with them. Also, it showed family identity and cohensiveness when families attend annually to worship their ancestors.
  • Nov 11, 960

    Urbanization (Economic)

    Urbanization (Economic)
    History of the Song - By urbanizing, there was an increased of food supplies that encouraged the growth of cities. The population also 'overload' due to the increased of food supplies and trading.
  • Nov 11, 960

    Agriculture (Economic)

    Agriculture (Economic)
    New developments of rice cultivation like fast-ripening rice allowed farmers to harvest two crops per year other than one. There were also new techniques like using harnessed oxen (N) and water buffaloes (S) to prepare land for cultivation.
  • Nov 11, 960

    Cities of the Song (Political)

    Cities of the Song (Political)
    There was a growth of cities when the Song Dynasty was established. Two significant cities would be the Kaifeng in the North and HangZhou in the South. Both cities were the captial of the Song Dynasty.
  • Nov 11, 1010

    Treaty of Shanyuan (Political)

    Treaty of Shanyuan (Political)
    The Treaty of Shanyuan was signed between the Song dynasty and the Liao Dynasty. It brought peace to the two competing side, even though it was a 1000 years ago.
  • Nov 11, 1024

    Paper Money (Economic)

    Paper Money (Economic)
    Paper money was not included into one of the government policy until 1024. When it became a policy, the old paper money was abolished and the new paper money was printed. The new paper money had serial numbers on it, incase people plagarized it.
  • Nov 10, 1119

    The Compass (Social)

    The Compass (Social)
    One of the four greatest invention was the compass. Chinese was able to find a way to magnetize iron needles, where it became more useful; such as navigation. The new compass was more portable and it opened a new discovery of the new world.
  • Nov 11, 1165

    Neo-Confucianism (Political)

    Neo-Confucianism (Political)
    Neo-Confucianism influenced the teachings of Confucianism in the Song Dynasty. It was an important cultural development that ilustrates the deep influence of Buddhism in Chinese society and influenced east Asian thoughts in long term.