The Ming Dynasty 1368-1644

  • Period: Jan 9, 1279 to Dec 9, 1368

    Final Days of Yuan Dynasty

    Frequent famines in Northern China, severe floods of the Yellow RIver, rebel and religious uprisings contributed to the End of the Ming Dynasty
  • Jan 1, 1368

    Ming Taizu Pushes Mogols out of China

    Ming Taizu Pushes Mogols out of China
    The foudning emperor of the Ming Dynasty personally led the expeditions that forced the Mongols out of China in the year 1368
  • Jan 1, 1368

    Hongwu Era begins in 1368

    Hongwu Era begins in 1368
    Zhu Yuanzhang, the CHinese rebel hero, led a rebel band against the Mongols, and led an army into Beijing and assumed status of "Son of Heaven" founding the Ming or brilliant dynasty.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1368 to

    The Ming Dynasty

    Ming ruled China
  • Period: Jan 1, 1368 to Dec 31, 1398

    Land, People and Taxes

    Under Hongwu and Yongle Emperors (1403-1424) , populations reaches 60 million. Land registers between (1393-1414) show 129 million acres under construction.
  • Apr 1, 1368

    Taizu establishes capital

    Taizu establishes capital
    Taizu was very hept to how powerful merchant families settled around the coast and what city was most prominent in different types of goods and services.
  • Nov 9, 1369


    Eunuchs became increasingly powerful in the court. Emperors became very fond of the eunuchs who helped raise them; thus the rank and duties of eunuchs increased.
  • Nov 9, 1369

    Grand Miltary Achievement

    Grand Miltary Achievement
    Yuanzhang became known as Hongwu or "Grand Military Achievement." He created a large and intricate military system, He led his armies across Asia, eventually controlling all of modern day China.
  • Nov 9, 1370


    Using Confucian scholar-officials and eunuchs, he built a large bureaucracy to help administer his kingdom. He discovered a plot to overthrow him by his chief minister. he executed all those involved, and issued an edict prohibiting all eunuchs from taking admin, office.
  • Nov 9, 1370

    Examination System

    Ming revival of a Pure Chinese rule looked to strengthen the exam system to that if the Han, Tang, and Song dynasties. The exam system grew more complex, offering the levels of examination activity and allowing any man to reach the level of a Confucian scholar-official.
  • Oct 25, 1403

    Ming Chengzu

    Ming Chengzu
    Chengzu was the third Emperor of the dyansty and in the years 1403 to 1424 he left his tremendous stamp on China. He came to power through civil war
  • Period: Oct 25, 1403 to Oct 25, 1424

    Ming Chengzu

    third emperor of the ming dynasty
  • Aug 10, 1404


    Hanlin Academy established in 1404; in order to increase scholarship and strengthen the literary and historical traditions of China, the Yongle Emperor established the Hanlin Academy. It produced the great Encyclopedia of the Yongle period.
  • Period: Nov 10, 1405 to Nov 10, 1433

    Maritime Expeditions

    China sent out seven great maritime expeditions led by a court eunuch named Zheng He. They experienced great success, trading with countries as far as India and the Persian Gulf.
  • Jan 1, 1472

    Wang Yangming

    Wang Yangming
    Wang Yangming was one of the many who rewrote confucianism during the Ming Dyansty. His ruling was from 1472-1528
  • Period: Oct 25, 1472 to Oct 25, 1528

    Wang Yangming

    Yangming rewrote Confucianism
  • Feb 2, 1500

    Portuguese arrived in Ming China

    Portuguese arrived in Ming China
    The portuguese met a class of powerful men upon arrival in Ming China in the 1500's. These men caught the Portuguese off guard because their merit was based off of education.
  • Period: Jan 2, 1518 to

    Wang Shizen

    Shizen wrote The Pharmacopoeia, which listed the properties, therapies, and dangers of over 1,000 drugs derived from plant, animal, and mineral products
  • Period: Nov 10, 1530 to

    The Mongol Problem

    Hongwu emperor sought to regain control of China, he sent armies into Mongolia to break the Mongol forces that remained. He managed to conquer them at the time, but problems along the Mongol frontier would worsen and continue until the fall of the Ming
  • Period: Nov 10, 1550 to

    Troubles with Japan

    Ming suffered many raids from Jap pirates, who would prowl the Chinese coastline. The Ming were helpless to the pirates. They decided to prohibit maritime trade with Japan. Japan invaded Korea and the Ming met Japanese troops on Korea soil. It went back and forth until China was able to negotiate a Japanese withdrawl.
  • Period: Aug 12, 1573 to

    Tribute System

    From Hongwu through Wanli Emperor, the Ming set up a tribute system as the dominant power in East Asia. It sent envoys all across Asia to assume its position as the largest and the oldest Asian country and its role as the original source of all Asian civilization
  • Period: Nov 10, 1573 to

    Wanli Region

    Showed little interest in the affairs of the state. Instead of ruling, he let eunuchs and other officials make decisions for him while he entertained himself with literature and woodcarving. By the end of his reign, the Ming was in a terrible state of affairs.
  • British capture Portuguese Ship

    British capture Portuguese Ship
    The Britsh captured the "Madre de Dios" which carried Chinese goods that amounted to half of the British bank.
  • Period: to

    Gu Yanwu

    Yanwu was a scholar that estimated that 50% of the imperial income derived from taxes collected from coastal cities
  • The Manchus

    The Manchus
    Manchu under Nurhaci begin attacking the Ming.
  • Period: to

    Donglin Party

    Made up of ex-Confucian scholar-officials, the Donglin Party was intent on returning Chinese society and government to traditonal principles. They condemned philisophical eclecticism. They accused a very powerful court eunuch of high crimes . The eunuch res[ponded by creating a blacklist of Donglin members, and many of those on the list were denounced, imprisoned, tortured, condemned, dismissed and beaten to death
  • Riots

    People from all walks of life start to rise up and form an alliance against the Ming government policy.
  • Period: to

    Rise of The Rebellion

    Li Zicheng led a bandit group that raided much of northwest China. Li formed an organized system of government and with time Li and his armies distributed food to the starving and punished greedy landlords. His army entered Bejing as the last Ming emperor hung himself on Prospect Hill overlooking the Forbidden City.
  • Period: to

    Attack of the Manchus

    The Manchus attack north China, Korea, and Mongolia.
  • Manchu defeats Li

    Manchu defeats Li
    Manchus defeat Li and come to rule China in the Qing Dynasty
  • Period: to

    Qing Dynasty

    Manchus ruling in the Qing Dynasty
  • End of Ming Dynasty

    End of Ming Dynasty
    The Ming Dynasty came to an end when Li and his armies decended upon China as the Last Ming emperor hanged himself on Prospect Hill overlooking the Forbidden City
  • Period: to Dec 31, 1276

    Song Dynasty

    SInce this time the coastal cities of China had produced great industry and trade.
  • Period: to Dec 7, 755

    Tang Dynasty

    Chinese literary history can be traced back to The Tang dynasty literature