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China Power Fluxes

  • Jan 1, 1100

    Khan's Uprising

    Khan's Uprising
    Temujin rises up in late 1100's and already has started his conquering of many armies and land.
  • Jan 1, 1200

    Mongols' First Invasion of China

    Mongols' First Invasion of China
    The seminomadic Mongols--coming from central Asia--take over a large portion of China, with a greater force, advanced weapons and better military tactics.
  • Jan 1, 1206

    Genghis Khan's Start

    Genghis Khan's Start
    A powerful ruler, Temujin, finally unites the previously warring Mongol clans and becomes the "Universal Ruler" Genghis Khan, building his empire on a great dominating military force.
  • Jan 1, 1207

    Genghis Khan's Reign

    Genghis Khan's Reign
    Genghis Khan takes over Chinese and Turkish land time-after-time, using seige warfare and gunpowder. Siege Warfare: The Mongol forces would surround or blockade a city, town or fortress and would attack at the same time, overwhelming the defenses of their enemies.
  • Jan 1, 1227

    New Khans and Land Divides

    New Khans and Land Divides
    Genghis Khan dies and gives his reign and land to his sons, splitting much of northern China and surrounding areas four ways. Golden Horde: Batu, Genghis's grandson, leads an invading army of Mongols into Russia, Poland, Hungary, and eastern Europe.
  • Jan 1, 1235

    Kublai's Earlier Pursuit

    Kublai's Earlier Pursuit
    Kublai Khan, after the Mongols successfully had control over northern China, tries for several attempts to conquer the land that of southern China, the south defended by the Song dynasty.
  • Jan 1, 1260

    New Mongol Leadership

    New Mongol Leadership
    After Genghis Khan's death, Kublai Khan takes Genghis Khan's old title as the "Great Ruler" of the Mongols.
  • Jan 1, 1278

    Marco Polo in China

    Marco Polo in China
    Marco Polo, coming from Venice, Italy, travels with his into the Yuan dynasty and eventually the emperor takes a liking to him and Marco Polo proceeds to perform to do missions for Kublai in and around China.
  • Jan 1, 1279

    Song Defeat

    Kublai Khan's efforts, as the new ruler of the Mongols, finally defeating the Songs and takes over the land, founding the Yuan dynasty.
  • Jan 1, 1294

    Kublai Dies and Mongol Reign Weakens

    Kublai Dies and Mongol Reign Weakens
    Kublai Khan dies, after a long stretch of weakening power, such as the naval fleets being taken out in a kamakaze storm, and his death leads to a lack of outstanding leadership and higher taxes on the people of the Yuan. Kamakaze: A divine wind or storm that coincidentally wiped out the Mongol naval forces in a fight against the Japanese. It is used today to describe the overwhelming militarial efforts, no matter the outcome.
  • Jan 1, 1295

    Marco Polo's Return To Italy

    Marco Polo is captured in his return to Venice and is held captive, and in captivity, he writes of his ventures of China and of the splendor of the Grand Palace.
  • Jan 1, 1300

    Black Death and Mongols

    Black Death and Mongols
    The Black Death wipes out the majority of Eurasia and the Mongols. Black Death: A plague that was based off the the uncleanliness of people and was spread by rats.
  • Jan 1, 1300

    Yuan Oppression Develops Citizen Revolts

    Yuan Oppression Develops Citizen Revolts
    Factions of China, not liking the incresae in taxes and current government, rebel against the Yuan dynasty.
  • Jan 1, 1368

    Mongol's Eventual Overthrow

    Mongol's Eventual Overthrow
    An army of rebels led by a peasant, Zhu Yuanzhang, manages to overthrow the Mongols, with the Mongols leaving to Manchuria out of fear of death and more upsets, and founds the Ming dynasty.
  • Jan 1, 1398

    Zhu Yuanzhang Dies

    In Zhu Yuanzhang's death he leaves his empire to disaray and a power struggle.
  • Jan 1, 1400

    Forbidden City is Built

    The Forbidden City is built for the housing of the emperor, his family and his constituents. The area had markets only available to a select few of families that could afford it or found themselves at that level of the government. The Forbidden City: a place of residence and commerce for the Emperor of the Ming dynasty. Today, the city is place for tourists and educational purposes.
  • Jan 1, 1402

    Power Struggle Subsides as Yonglo Seizes Throne

    Power Struggle Subsides as Yonglo Seizes Throne
    Zhu Yuanzhang's son Yonglo takes his father's heavily fought for position in the government, and begins the building of the Forbidden City.
  • Jan 1, 1405

    Chinese Naval Expanses Seen Through Zheng He

    A Chinese Muslim Admiral, Zheng He begins to lead numerous series of large trading fleets to trade with foreigners around the Indian Ocean. Junks: Trading ships used by the Chinese, built to carry large quantities of goods across the ocean.
  • Jan 1, 1424

    Yonglo No Longer Reigns

    Yonglo's reign over the Ming peoples dies.
  • Jan 1, 1433

    Money Limits Trans-Oceanic Trade

    Money Limits Trans-Oceanic Trade
    Trading with overseas peoples had stopped due to the high number of resorces by the government used on each endevour.
  • Jan 1, 1500

    Ming Limit the Overall Trade for Preservation of Culture

    The Ming try to control and limit trade among foreign parts of the area, in fear of the detriment of China's traditions being influenced by outside ideas.
  • Jan 1, 1560

    Start of Ming Decline

    Due to weak, corrupt leaders and increased defense taxes because of constant attempted invasions, taxes were raised and were frowned upon by those paying them.
  • Education is Brought by a Foreigner

    Education is Brought by a Foreigner
    Despite the will to control foreign input into China, a European Jesuit Priest, Matteo Rucci, prgressed his way through the heirarchy of the dynasty and introduces a more complex set of Mathmatics and Sciences. Great Wall of China: A defense barrier built by the Ming to defend against the Mongol invaders of the north. Today it is often used as a tourist attraction and has no current role in the defense of China.
  • Rebellions Further the Ming Decline

    High taxes, famine, and hardship propel the people of the Ming dynasty to rebel against their oppressive government.
  • Mongols Move Back Into the Area

    The Mongol people of Manchu take advantage of the chaos presented in the Ming dynasty and form an entirely new dynasty, derooting the Ming, the Qing dynasty. Queue: A braid that men in the Qing dynasty were to wear to conform to the society. It is used now as an everyday braid females particularly wear for fashion.
  • New Ruling and New Schooling

    Kangxi takes hold of Qin dynasty and promotes a flourishing economy, while bringing Jesuit scholars/ priests to the capitol, the Chinese gaining technical advances in mathmatics and sciences with the moving of the priests.
  • "Greatest Piece" of Chinese Literature is Written and Published

    "Greatest Piece" of Chinese Literature is Written and Published
    The said China's greatest novel is written, "Dream of the Red Chamber," by Cao Zhan--It examines the decline of an upper-class aristocratic Chinese family.
  • Expansion of Rule Under Qianlong

    The grandson of Kagxi, Qianlong captures Taiwan, Mongolia, and Tibet, expanding the economy and land power the Qing has.
  • Kangxi No Longer Holds Power

    Kangxi's rule over his portion of the Qing ends.
  • Macartney's Attempts to Open Trade Between China and Britain Fail

    Macartney's Attempts to Open Trade Between China and Britain Fail
    British goods are brought by Lord Geaorge Macartney in order to assemble a hopeful trade connection with the Chinese trade system, the British goods are seen as substandard and no trade connections between the countries is presented. Kowtowing: Lord George Macartney was told to kneel in front of the Chinese emperor, but refused to do so. Today people, like back then kowtow to show respect to deities or people deserving respect.
  • Qianlong's End of Rule

    Qianlong's rule over the land and people of his expansion expires.
  • British Trade Brings Downfall of Qing

    More efforts are made to develop trade with China and Britain by the British, and the attempts bring with them their ideas that are controversial to the Chinese ruling system, people revolt and the Qing's imperial rule ends.