The European Renaissance was a period of cultural, artistic, political, and economic rebirth after the Middle Ages. The Renaissance increased trade and improved the shortage of labor caused by the Bubonic Plague. Some important people from the Renaissance are Martin Luther, Michelangelo, and Shakespeare. Art, literature, and technology was prevalent during this time. The Renaissance laid a foundation for the Age of Exploration. Due to all the new changes, it boosted the economy of Europe.