Muhammad was the founder of Islam. At first Muhammad's religion was prosecuted. Eventually, it flourished and by the time of Muhammad's death he had conquered most of the Arabian peninsula.
Jan 1, 661
The Umayyad dynasty was an Islamic dynasty. They had a very centralized government with Arabs holding the higher up positions. They collected wealth by making the other religions in the area pay a tax (jizya).
Jan 1, 700
Kingdom of Ghana
Emerged out of trade. It was a large political city in western and central Sudan. It was known for riches and elaborate court life.
Jan 1, 700
The Silla dynasty was a Korean dynasty. It allied with Tang China to bring political unity. It was one of many Korean dynasties but it was the most important because it made the alliance with China allowing it to communicate and spread culture.
Jan 1, 710
This was a period of time in Japan. Society was based on agriculture in nature and centered around villagers. The worshipped natural and ancestral spirits called Kami.
Jan 1, 750
The Abbasid Dynasty fueled the golden age of Islam. It made the capital city Baghdad. Baghdad became an important place of learning and commerce. The Abbasids were pushed out of Baghdad in 1055 by the Seljuk Turks.
Jan 1, 1054
Schism between Eastern and Western Christian Church
The church split along doctrinal, theological, linguistic, political, and geographic lines. The split led to the development of the modern Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox churches.
Jan 1, 1055
Saljuk Control Over Abbasid Dynasty
The Seljuk assumed the role of protectors of the Abbasid caliphs of Baghdad against threats to their dominions. The founder of the Seljuk dynasty, Tugrul Bey, forced the Abbasid caliph to make him protector of orthodox Islam and to recognize him as sultan.
Sep 28, 1066
Norman Invasion of England
The invasion was lead by William the Conquerer from France. William eventutally won over England but his rule was very unsteady. Gave perks like land with castles on it. Many changes occured in England, like the spread of the French language and the elimination of slavery.
Jan 1, 1095
Pope Urban II launched the first Crusade claiming everyone who participated would be spiritually cleansed. Christians were able to conquer Jerusalem. It was taken back by the Muslims in 1187.
Apr 1, 1202
The Fourth Crusade went terribly wrong. They ended up conquering Constantinople. This weakened its ability to trade and the empire as a whole. This was bad because they were supposed to be fighting with Christians not against them.
Jan 1, 1204
Fall of Constantinople
Constantinople was the capital of the Byzantine Empire and an important trade location. During the 4th crusade, Constantinople fell to the western European crusaders. The fall of Constantinople weakened the Byzantine empire and it's ability to trade.
Jan 1, 1206
Reign of Chinggis
Chinggis Khan's original name was Temujin. He was titled Chinggis Khan after becoming the leader of the Mongol Empire. Chinggis Khan means "universal leader". He was known for being ruthless to his enemies but generous to loyal followers.
Jan 1, 1206
Reign of Chinggis Khan
Chinggis Khan's original name was Temujin. He was titled Chinggis Khan after becoming the leader of the Mongol Empire. He was known for being ruthless to his enemies but generous to loyal followers.
Dec 13, 1206
Sultanate of Dehli
The Delhi Sultanate is a term used to cover five short-lived dynasties. They conquered large amounts of land in northern India. The Dehli Sultanate was absorbed into the Mongol empire.
Jan 1, 1220
Kingdom of Great Zimbabwe
Emerged out of trade between African Indian ocean trade with the interior of Africa. It had a primarily swahili culture. The primary project being traded was gold.
Jan 1, 1271
The Yuan dynasty was Mongol's rule in China. It was ruled by Kublai Khan. This dynasty was very prejudice towards the Chinese.
Jan 1, 1271
Reign of Kublai Khan
Kiblai Khan was a decendent of Chinggis Khan. He was the leader in charge of the Mongol forces when they finally tookover China. He ruled successfully there for years before being kicked out.
Jan 1, 1275
Marco Polo's Trip to China
Marco Polo lived in Venice and left his home for China with his father and uncle, who were both merchants. China, under Mongol rule at the time, convinced Marco Polo to stay and work for them as an envoy. On the way back he was captured by Genoans.
Jan 1, 1279
Mongol Conquest of Entirety of China
The Mongol conquest of Europe was lead by Kublai Khan. It took many years before the Mongol forces were able to successfully invade the whole of China. The Yuan empire was set up once they were ruling.
Feb 25, 1304
Ibn Battuta was a Moroccan legal scholar. He left home for the first time to make the pilgrimage to Mecca. He continued to travel after his hajj. He felt free to express his opinions and wrote them in a journal for others to read.
Jan 1, 1312
Reign of Mansa Musa
Mansa Musa was the ruler of Mali. He brought the Mali empire to it's heighth. Being a Muslim, he went on a Hajj. This brought the kingdom of Mali fame throughout the world.
Apr 9, 1336
Tamerlane's real name was Timur. He was a Turkish-Mongol ruler of Barlas lineage. He conquered West, South and Central Asia and founded the Timurid dynasty.
Jan 1, 1337
Hundred Years War
The English fought the French over land posession. Heroes like Joan of Ark rose up and helped kick the English out of France. This helped French statehood develop.
Jan 1, 1347
First Bubonic Plague Pandemic
The spread of the disease was due to an increase in travel from nomads, missionaries, traders, and increased interaction. It killed massive amounts of people. Around 30% of populations. It created major changes in the economic systems and effected population centers.
Jan 1, 1368
The Ming dynasty took over after the Yuan. They succeeded in kicking all of the Mongols out and then built the great wall to keep all nomads away. The Ming had no religious tolerance and was considered strict.
Jan 1, 1403
Zheng He's Expedition
Zheng He was a traveler for the Ming dynasty China. Ultimately, he convinced the court to cease trade efforts and develop domestic trade models. This resulted in the shutting off of China.
Jan 1, 1438
The Inca empire was in the South American highlands and had an Andean culture. The Inca was a centralized and patriarchal empire. They had a ploytheistic religion and an argicultural economy.
Built on Sui's foundation of unity. Tang was a part of China's golden age along with the Song dynasty. They re-instated the examination system to staff the bureaucracy.
The Mali empire was much like the kingdom of Ghana. It was in western and central Sudan. It was visited by Ibn Battuta
Sui regained unity for China. Made 1,200 mile long canal system, linking China's interior and facilitating trade. They were ruthless rulers though and were overthrown.
Reign of Charlemagne
Charlemagne was the king of the Franks and later Italy. He was the first emporer in western Europe after the fall of the Western Roman Empire. He was officially crowned emporer by Pope Leo III.
Song was also a part of China's evolving golden age. The Song created neo-confucianism. There was a revival of literature and the arts.
Kingdom of Angkor
The Kingsom of Angkor shows the influence of Indian people. It was well involved in trade. Women in Angkor had more rights than women in China or India.