Hans Dynasty (206 B.C.-220 A.C.) of China Collapases
Japan's 1st and only dynasty. The symbol was Rising Sun, worshiped the sun goddness Amaterasu. Believes in the Shinto Religion.
Buddhism in Japan
Bought over from Korean Missionaries.
Jan 1, 600
Japan becomes interested in China
Prince Shotoku sent young nobles to study in China. They bought back ideas of government, culture, and borrowed some Chinese ways.
Jan 1, 610
The Great Canal is completed
It's use is for interal trade and transportation, foods and goods could now be traveled from the south to north. It's the largest waterway ever dug by man labor.
Jan 1, 700
Creation of Printing Blocks
A way to print on textiles and paper, originating in China.
Jan 1, 700
Creation of Water-powered Clocks
They turned at a steady rate to tell the exact time, made up of Wheels, shafts and pins. This was learned from the Middle Easterns.
Jan 1, 710
Japan influences from China
"In 710, the Japanese emperor built a new capital at Nara, modeled on the Tang capital at Chang'an. There, Japanese nobles spoke Chinese and dressed in Chinese fashion. Their cooks prepared Chinese dishes and served food on Chinese-style pottery. Tea drinking, along with an elaborate tea ceremony, was imported from China. Japanese officials and scholars used Chinese characters to write official histories. Tang music and dances became very popular, as did gardens designed along Chinese lines." ()
Jan 1, 1021
First full length novel
Murasaki Shikibu write "The Tale of Genji", the world's first full length novel.
Jan 1, 1040
Also known as "woodblock printing", made up of precut chracters that combimed to form a page. Usually used for languges that had many characters.
Jan 1, 1200
Mongolia invades China
The Mongolians invade Northern Song Dynasty under the rule of Genghiz Khan.
May 1, 1206
Genghiz Khan establishes the Mongol Empire
In Spring of 1206, Mongolian leader Genghiz Khan founded the Mongol Empire after conquering the northern Song Dynasty. (Will take nearly 70 years to couquer the south) He gets rid of the civil service system. However, he allows the people of China to continue living their lives but they had to pay tribute regularly.
Aug 1, 1227
Genghis Khan Dies
Mongolian leader dies at 65
Jan 1, 1231
Mongalia invades Korea
Under the rule of Ogedei Khan, the Mongolians invades Korea destroying everything in sight, including the precious celadon vases. The making of these celadon vases is unknown.
May 5, 1260
Kublai Khan takes the thone
Genghiz Khan's grandson takes over. He adopts a Chinese name for his dynasty, Yuan Dynasty.
Jan 1, 1270
Kublai Khan extends his empire
He rules all of China, Korea, Tibet, and Vietnam.
Jan 1, 1271
Marco Polo Visits China
The Italian merchant Marco Polo, his father and uncle, cross Persia and Central Asia to get to Mongolian controled China. He stays for 17 years. He writes a book of how China is,back to Europe, which brings interest to the Europeans.
Jan 1, 1274
Mongolia's first attempt to invade Japan
Japan had refused to be ruled by the Mongalian Empire. This didn't set well, therefore the Mongols perpared for an invasion but a typhoon wrecked many ships.
Jan 1, 1281
Mongalian's 2nd attempt to invade Japan
The Mongols try again with a bigger force but the invasion was a fail again when a typhoon destroyed much of the Mongol fleet. The Japanese believe this is because of their prayers to the kamikaze, divine winds.
Feb 18, 1294
Kublai Khan dies
He dies at age 78 years old.
Jan 1, 1350
The Mongols occupied Korea ends
Jan 23, 1368
China is Restored
After the death of Kublai Khan, the Yuan Dynasty began to collapse. 74 years later, the Ming Dynasty is established by a pleasant leader Zhu Yuanzhang. He lead a rebel army that pushed the Mongols back beyond the Great Wall.
Jul 17, 1392
The Chosen Dynasty is established
The Korean general Yi Song-gye organizes the Chosen Dynasty, also known as Joseon. He sets up a goverment based off of Confucian ideas.
Jan 1, 1402
The Chinese make the very famous "Ming Vases" under the Ming Dynasty.
Jan 1, 1405
The Voyages of Zheng
Zheng He departs for China with 62 huge ships and various small once on the quest to promote trade and collect tribute from smaller powers.
Jan 1, 1443
The Hangul Alphabet
King Sejong of the Chosen Dynasty replaces the diffcult Chinese alphabet, with hangul, an alphabet using symbols to represent the sounds of spoken Korean. This made it easlier for Koreans to write and increase the literacy rate of Koreans.
Jan 1, 1500
Corn and Sweet Potatoes
Corn and sweet potatoes are brought over from the Americas.
Japanese leader invaded China though Korea. Japanese raided and looted Korea, until, an Korean admiral Yi Sun-shin used metal-plated, also called “turtle boats.” When they finally left Korea, they took Korean artists back to Japan to teach the skills to Japan.
Toyotomi Hideyoshi brings Japan together
He brings most of Japan under his rule. He also tries and fails to conquer China and Korea.
The Tokugawa shogunate takes power
A Dimyo named Tokugawa Ieyasu defeated his rivals to become master of Japan.The Tokugawa shogunate brought peace and stability to Japan.
Establishment of Tang Dynasty
Li Yuan, general under Sui Dynasty and his son Li Shimin defeated all rivals and established the Tang Dynasty. Li Shimin took the crown after his old father stepped down, renaming himself Tang Taizong.
Sui Dynasty is created
Su Wendi reunited North and South China for 37 years
Sui Dynasty is disestablished
Tang Dynasty is Overthrew
A rebel general overthrew the last Tang Emperor.
A Scholar general reunited China and founded the Song Dynasty.
Creation of gunpowder
Formed with saltpaper, sulfur and charcoal, used for fireworks before weapons.
Empress Wu Zhao takes the thone
After her husband, Emperor Gaozong died, she took control of power. She was the first and only woman to rule China in her own way.
First government to make paper money
The Song Dynasty was the first government in the world to make papermoney.
Chinese civil service
The Sui dynasty adopts the Han Dynasty system and applied as a method of official recruitment.
China invades Korea
The Han Dynasty emperor Wudi invades Korea and sets up military bases there. During this time cutural diffusion happen, as Chinese goverment ideas, Confucian traditions, and others speaded to Korea.
Korea becomes a tributary State
During the Silla Dynasty, (57 B.C.-935 A.D.) Korea became a tributary state of China, keeping it's own independence, while acknowledging Chinese superior.
The Shilla kingdom merged the Korean peninsula
The Shilla kingdom united the Korean peninsula with the help of Tang empress Wu Zhao.
Confucian ideas in Korea rises
Confucian ideas begin to affect the Korean society. Women are given less rights. Like before, women could own or inherit land, women can no longer own land. Also civil service examination was only qualified for aristocrats to take.
Japan changes his Chinese Ways
After the decline of the Tang Dynasty, Japanese interest in China begins to fade. Japan turns away from their model in Nara and spends the next 400 years to changing and modifying the Chinese culture that they have absorbed for years.
The Heisan Period
Emperors and wealthy court families live in the Capital Heisan. Appearances were important and beauty and etiquette matter because the court was elegant. Men studied chinese, while women were forbidden to learn the language, but some still did in secret.