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A.P World History Timeline Project

By mjoy
  • 300

    Kingdom of Ghana

    Kingdom of Ghana
    This map shows the area in which Ghana controlled and ruled over.
  • Period: 300 to Jan 1, 1200

    Kingdom of Ghana

    Significance/Impact:
    *Principle state of west Africa when Muslims arrived
    *Became key trading site - traded in gold, ivory, and slaves (got cloth/horses)
    *Islam spread to Ghana through trade routes
    Synopsis:
    *Integration into tans-Sarahan trade brought wealth/power to Ghana
    *Koumbi-Saleh: capital of Ghana; commercial center of kingdom
    *Islamic state - conversion of kings caused improved relations with Muslim merchants
    *Ghana kings did not force Islam on people
    *Empire fell to Mali empire
  • 570

    Muhammad

    Muhammad
    This is a depiction​ of Muhammad the prophet carrying the Quran; the Muslim holy book.
  • Period: 570 to Jan 1, 632

    Muhammad

    Impact/Significance:
    *Founder of Islam
    *Created five pillars of Islam
    *Lead the way in the Hija: migration to Mecca
    *Convinced he was last prophet ("Seal of the Prophets") of Allah
    Synopsis:
    *Born into a family of merchants - became an orphan at six
    *Worked for Khadija who became his wife
    *Had transformation when he claimed he met Gabriel the angel and was told he was the last prophet to spread Allah's Word
    *Quran: All of Muhammad's revelations
    *Hadith: Muhammad's sayings and accounts
  • 589

    Sui Dynasty

    Sui Dynasty
    This is a map displaying the land controlled by the Sui Dynasty.
  • Period: 589 to Jan 1, 618

    Sui Dynasty

    Impact/Significance:
    *Established by Yang Jian (reestablished centralized, imperial rule)
    *Was responsible for Grand Canal (linked North and South China together for trade)
    *Short-lived dynasty but long-lasting impact
    Synopsis:
    *Dynasty​ rose after Han
    *Sui Yangdi (second emperor of Sui Dynasty) finished Grand Canal
    *Decline: Yang Jian demanded much of commoners (work projects​ -Grand Canal); caused rebellions and assassination​ of emperor caused empire to fall
    (See Tang slide for inventions)
  • Period: 589 to Jan 1, 618

    Silla Dynasty

    Impact/Significance:
    *Founded by King Park Hyeokgeose
    *Founded bone rank system (determined social/gov. ranking)
    *Prevented Chinese domination in peninsula
    *Chinese influence: establishment of embassies, bureaucracy, Confucianism, literature
    *Differed: Monarchy in Korea bureaucracy in China​
    Synopsis:
    *Strongly Buddhist
    *Silla and Tang agreement: if Tang forces moved out, Silla would recognize Tang emperor as lord
    *Relationship between kingdoms opened door for trade
    *Fell to Baekje/Goguryeo
  • Jan 1, 618

    Tang Dynasty

    Tang Dynasty
    This is a map displaying the area controlled by the Tang Dynasty.
  • Period: Jan 1, 618 to Jan 1, 907

    Tang Dynasty

    Impact/Significance:
    *Used Confucian exam in government (Reinforced traditional values)
    *Expanded military (took over Korea and Vietnam)
    *Introduced porcelain, gunpowder, and printing​
    Synopsis:
    *Success of dynasty: maintained​ transportation/communications (used system of roads with horses/postal stations), equal field system, and bureaucracy type government
    *Founded by Tang Taizong (ruthless but accomplished much)
    *Decline: careless leadership, rebellions, nomadic invasions (Turksib Uighurs)
  • Jan 1, 661

    Umayyad Dynasty

    Umayyad Dynasty
    This is a map displaying the land controlled by the Umayyad dynasty.
  • Period: Jan 1, 661 to Jan 1, 750

    Umayyad Dynasty

    Impact/Significance:
    *Founded by Shia sect
    *Temporary centralized rule
    *Most prominent in Meccan merchant clans
    *"Jizya": special tax on those who did not convert to Islam

    *Expanded from Spain to India
    Synopsis:
    *Favored Arabs (military aristocracy) - distributed conquered land to wealthy (went against Islamic principles and made commoners angry)
    *Decline: Leaders devoted themselves to luxuries rather than leadership (empire became isolated) - rebellion in Persia brought empire to end
  • Jan 1, 668

    Silla Dynasty

    Silla Dynasty
    This is a map displaying the land controlled by the Silla Dynasty​.
  • Jan 1, 710

    Nara Period

    Nara Period
    This is a picture of a piece​ of art created during the Heian Period in Japan.
  • Period: Jan 1, 710 to Jan 1, 794

    Nara Period

    Impact/Significance:
    *Imposed centralized, imperial rule in Japan
    *Established equal-field system like China
    *Established a court modeling the Tang and established Chinese-style bureaucracy
    Synopsis:
    *Provided support for Confucians and Buddhists
    *Drew much influence from China
    *Continued to respect Japanse traditions: shinto - religions revolving around veneration of ancestors and host of nature spirits
    *Emperor transferred​ his courts from Nara to Heian which started Heian period of Japan
  • Jan 1, 750

    Abbasid Dynasty

    Abbasid Dynasty
    This is a map displaying the conquests and territories​ that the Abbasid Dynasty controlled.
  • Period: Jan 1, 750 to Jan 1, 1258

    Abbasid Dynasty

    Impact/Significance:
    *Time of cultural growth (math, literature, and philosophy)
    *Increased admin: drew ideas from Persia
    *Defeated Chinese at Talas River - allowed for Islam to go into Asia
    Synopsis:
    *Founded by Abu al-Abbass (lead rebellion in Persia)
    *Differed from Umayyad dynasty - focused on admin vs. expanding (Crete to south France)
    *No favor shown for government positions
    *Created ulama and qadis
    *Decline: governors became independent caliphs, rebellions, invasions from Turks/Mongols
  • Jan 1, 768

    Regin of Charlemagne

    Regin of Charlemagne
    This is a picture of an artist's perspective on what the great Charlemagne​ looked like.
  • Period: Jan 1, 768 to Jan 1, 814

    Reign of Charlemagne

    Impact/Significance:
    *Ruled Frankish realm at highest point
    *Temporarily reestablished centralized rule
    *Established missi dominici: people employed by lord to travel and review accounts of local authorities
    *Built Frankish Empire based on military expeditions
    Synopsis:
    *Christain
    *Maintained authority by traveling through land - did not have resources for bureaucracy
    *Excepted title of emperor late into rule (Holy Roman Emperor)
    *Empire fell after leadership was placed into son's hands
  • Jan 1, 794

    Heian Period

    Heian Period
    This is a picture of a painting created during the Heian Period of Japan.
  • Period: Jan 1, 794 to Jan 1, 1185

    Heian Period

    Impact/Significance:
    *Cultural development occurred
    *Men learned to write in Chinese language (only men got a formal education)
    *Aristocratic women had impact on Japanese literature
    *(The Take of Genji - composed by female Murasaki Shikibu)
    *Established equal-field system in Japan
    Synopsis:
    *Rose during reign of Fuijwara family (centralized​ power)
    *Decline: Failure of the equal-field system - land got in hands of a small group of wealthy elite
  • Jan 1, 889

    Kingdom of Angkor

    Kingdom of Angkor
    This image is of the magnificent and beautiful city that the kingdom of Angkor created, which contained much Hindu influence.
  • Period: Jan 1, 889 to Jan 1, 1432

    Kingdom of Angkor

    Impact and Significance:
    *Capital of Khmer empire
    *Was influenced strongly by India - seen in architecture
    *Kings built Angkor capital - Angkor Thom (temple in the center reflecting Hindu world order)
    *Built more elaborate temple: Angkor Wat
    *City is strongest reminder of Indian influence in China
    Synopsis:
    *Derived much wealth from agricultural economies
    *Early kings devoted to Buddhism but society became influenced by Hinduism
    *All creations in Angkor were left after invasion of Thai people
  • Jan 1, 945

    Saljuq Control Over Abbasid Dynasty

    Saljuq Control Over Abbasid Dynasty
    This map shows the various lands that the Saliuq Turks won and ruled over.
  • Period: Jan 1, 945 to Jan 1, 1118

    Salijuq Control Over Abbasid Dynasty

    Impact/Significance:
    *Seljuq Turks first moved to empire for trading/religion opportunity and to take over empire
    *Caliph recognized Seljuq leader Tughril Beg as sultan (ruler) - extended his rule to Baghdad/Syria
    Synopsis:
    *Moved to Iran after conversion to Islam - went to Iran seeking improved lifestyle
    * Turks overshadowed empire - integrated into army and lived on the border where trade was strong
    *Gov. control was in hands of Turkish sultans but used caliphs as puppets of authority
  • Jan 1, 960

    Song Dynasty

    Song Dynasty
    This map displays the area of land controlled by the Song dynasty.
  • Period: Jan 1, 960 to Jan 1, 1279

    Song Dynasty

    Impact/Significance:
    *Expanded bureaucracy (opened door for lower class to take Confucian test)
    *Introduced tea drinking/compass
    *Population increase: rice
    Synopsis:
    *Founded by Song Taizu
    *First true sign of foot binding (Lady Huang)
    *Focused more on administration vs. expansion
    Decline:
    *Many leaders encouraged to retire to ensure Taizu as emperor
    *Taizu regarded all officials as servants of government - salaries drained treasury
    *Weak military leaders (scholars in chart charge of leading)
  • Jan 1, 1054

    Schism in Between Eastern and Western Christian Church

    Schism in Between Eastern and Western Christian Church
    This picture shows the extremity​ of the division between the orthodox and protestant​ people, especially between their leaders.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1054 to

    Schism Between Eastern and Wstern Christian Church

    Impact/Significance:
    *Relations became so strained (iconoclasm​/differing beliefs), churches in East and West went separate ways
    *Leaders refused to acknowledge other church as properly Christian
    *Schism between East and West churches persists to today
    Synopsis:
    *East: Orthodox Church
    *West: Roman Catholic Church
    *Churches in Constantinople and Rome disagreed on many points (trinity/importance of faith/reason)
    *Byzantine patriarchs and Roman popes argued for power to make Christian decisions
  • Jan 1, 1066

    Norman Invasion of England

    Impact/Significance:
    *Normans founded English monarchy
    *Duke of Normandy introduced Norman principles of government and land tenure to England
    *Took over the last bit of Byzantine empire in southern Italy
    Synopsis:
    *Duke William of Normandy (known as William the conquerer) invaded and took England
    *Had much conflict with to Capetians - both dynasties fought for the area of France
    *Normans lead many crusades with other eastern European people to claim back Jerusalem
  • Jan 1, 1066

    Norman Invasion of England

    Norman Invasion of England
    This map shows various Norman invasions, including the invasion of England.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1095 to Jan 1, 1099

    First Crusade

    Impact/Significance:
    *Turks, Egyptians, and Muslims set aside differences for first time and united to get European Christians out of their land
    *Influenced Europe - exchange of ideas between Muslims and Europeans
    *Europeans adopted "Arabic" numerals/new food products
    Synopsis:
    *Pope Urban announced 1st crusade
    *Goal: gain back "holy land" (Jerusalem) - won but lost land to Mulsim leader Saladin
    *Results​ of Crusades: Byzantine/church was weakened, technology improved
  • Period: Jan 1, 1100 to Nov 1, 1533

    Inca Empire

    Impact/Significance:
    *Took over Chimu's irrigation system
    *Largest state (population) ever built in S. America
    *Created roads helping military to travel quicker
    *Waru Waru: agricultural technique: prevented erosion/allowed for water/drainage collection)
    Synopsis:
    * Pachacuti: expanded empire ("earthshaker")
    *Gov. was ruled by military/admin elite (bureaucracy)

    *Gov. used quipu (variety of cords) to keep track of population, taxes, state property
    *Fell to Francisco Pizarro/conquistadors
  • Jan 1, 1202

    Fourth Crusade

    Fourth Crusade
    This picture is an interpretation​ of the damage and destruction the various armies sent out by the pope did to many societies.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1202 to Jan 1, 1204

    Fourth Crusade

    Impact/Significance:
    *Sacking of Constantinople - thousands of art was stolen or destroyed -Byzantine Empire never recovered (known as one of most profitable yet evil events in European history)
    Synopsis:
    *Goal was to win back Jerusalem again
    *Took dramatic turn when European armies attacked Byzantine port to finance crusade - led to sacking of Constantinople
    *Pope Innocent III called for crusade
    *Crusaders killed other Christians
    *4th Crusade was a failure - led to 5th Crusade
  • Jan 1, 1206

    Regin of Chinggis Khan

    Regin of Chinggis Khan
    This picture is of a sculpting of the great Chinggis Khan that established the Mongol Empire.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1206 to Jan 1, 1227

    Reign of Chinggis Khan

    Impact/Significance:
    *Forged alliance between Mongol tribes - created largest empire world had ever seen
    *Used phycological warfare - helped Mongols conquer lands
    *Conquered Persia and China (defeated Jin dynasty and Khwarazm sha in Persia)
    Synopsis:
    *Rose to power because of forging alliances
    *Born of noble family - paved way for him to become leader
    *Forced men into military units (no tribal relations - helped break bickering between clans); chose leaders of units based on experience
  • Jan 1, 1210

    Sultanate of Delhi

    Sultanate of Delhi
    This map shows the parts of India that the Great Sultanate​ of Dehli controlled and ruled over.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1210 to Jan 1, 1526

    Sultanate of Delhi

    Impact/Significance:
    *Able to conquer much of India but never united land
    *Mahmad of Ghazni - supported Islam but was against Buddhism/ Hinduism (era of temple destruction)
    *Most prominent Islamic state in the world
    *Built mosques and contributed to art/literature
    Synopsis:
    *Never overcame Hindu resistance in Deccan region - stayed in north India and didn't expand
    *No permanent bureaucracy or admin (led to downfall)
    *Depended on Hindu kings to carry out policies of sultanate to local regions
  • Jan 1, 1220

    Kingdom of Great Zimbabwe

    Kingdom of Great Zimbabwe
    This picture shows the remains of the Great Zimbabwe city that was magnificent and made out of much stone.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1220 to Jan 1, 1450

    Kingdom of Great Zimbabwe

    Significance/Impact:
    *Best known east African kingdom
    *Great Zimbabwe: city of stone buildings that served as capital
    *Had organized social structure and taxed leaders outside land (advanced in organization)
    *Controlled and taxed trade of interior and coastal regions (ivory and gold)
    Synopsis:
    *"Zimbabwe": wooden residences (starting in 8th century, kings built their "zimbabwe" out of stone)
    *Because of control over trade, alliances were forged making much profit
    *Fell to Mupta empire
  • Jan 1, 1230

    Mali Empire

    Mali Empire
    This map shows the territory the Mali Empire controlled in Western Africa.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1230 to Jan 1, 1255

    Mali Empire

    Impact/Significance:
    *Took over after Ghana empire
    Mali Empire controlled and taxed trade passing through west Africa (Timbuktu - key trading​ city)
    *Mansa Musa ruled empire at highest point
    *Musa observed Islam -made trip to Mecca and became very dedicated
    *During reign, empire fell because of crippling government and military pressures from other kingdoms
    Synopsis:
    *Founded by Sundiata (known as "lion prince")
    *Captial: Nani
    *Mali Empire honored Islam
    *Songhay Empire overtook Mali Empire
  • Jan 1, 1254

    Marco Polo's Trip to China

    Marco Polo's Trip to China
    This picture is a depiction of Marco Polo standing next to a map charting his explorations.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1254 to Jan 1, 1324

    Marco Polo's Trip to China

    Impact/Significance:
    *Became a confidant​ of Kublai Khan (dedicated 17 years of service to Chinese court)
    *Was sent on diplomatic trips around Asia
    *His book inspired pilgrimages to China by European people
    Synopsis:
    *Started journey to China at 17 years old - was in awe by statues depicting Buddhism and famous jade from Kashgar
    *Was released home after arranging marriage of Mongol princess and Persian king
    *His tales of China were recorded into a book while in jail by an imprisoned writer
  • Jan 1, 1260

    Reign of Kublai Khan

    Reign of Kublai Khan
    This picture is an artist's take on what the great ruler Kublai Khan looked like.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1260 to Jan 1, 1294

    Reign of Kublai Khan

    Impact/Significance:
    *Consolidated Mongol rule China and founded Yuan dynasty (richest Mongol territory)
    *Known as greatest descendant of Chinggis Khan
    *Dismantled Confucian education system - brought in admin staff from other Mongol lands
    Synopsis:
    *Civil wars, problems with paper money, and assassinations caused dynasty to fall
    *Had little success in conquering land (Japan)
    *Treated Chinese subjects awfully - considered them cultivators
    *Tolerated all religions to be practiced in China
  • Jan 1, 1271

    Mongol Conquest of All of China

    Mongol Conquest of All of China
    This map also shows Mongol control over China as well as the other land they controlled while their empire thrived.
  • Jan 1, 1279

    Yuan Dynasty

    Yuan Dynasty
    This map shows the rule of Kublai​ Khan when China was under Mongol leadership.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1279 to Jan 1, 1368

    Mongol Conquest of all of China

    Impact/Significance:
    *Founded by Khubilai Khan (Yuan Dynasty)
    *Richest of Mongol territory - attracted invaders and caused Yuan to fall
    *Saw Chinese as cultivators
    *Dismantled Civil Service system
    *Allowed practice of religions
    *Forbid Chinese from learning Mongol language
    Synopsis:
    *Mongols brought in admin staff to monitor China
    *Assassinations and civil war caused Mongol reign in China to end
    *Forbid intermarriage
    *Forced Chinese to move to SE Asia and establish​ trading communities
  • Period: Jan 1, 1279 to Jan 1, 1368

    Yuan Dynasty

    Impact/Significance:
    *Lead by Khubilai Khan
    *Developed idea of the novel/ "drama"

    *Tight, centralized rule
    *Protected Mongol postal system encouraging trade
    *Mongol peace helped spread of ideas/inventions
    Synopsis:
    *Dismantled Confucian education system
    *Mongols discovered and put Buddhism into practice
    *Had little success expanding - did not adapt to climate in Asia
    *Fell because land wealthiest Mongol territory - attracted invaders - civil wars, assassinations, poor use of paper money
  • Jan 1, 1304

    Ibn Battuta

    Ibn Battuta
    This is a painting of the famous Ibn Battuta who helped spread Isalm through Africa.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1304 to Jan 1, 1369

    Ibn Battuta

    Impact/Significance:
    *Best known Muslim traveler
    *Became qadi and advisor to the Sultanate of Dehli
    *Provided guidance in the ways of Islam for newly converted societies
    Synopsis:
    *Traveled to India, Maldive Islands, east Africa, and Mali empire - very few educated Muslims there - made it easy for him to find high governmental position
    *Inforced high Muslim standards in justice (oversaw mosque)
    *Encouraged and advised kinds of woman's modesty and proper relationships between sexes
  • Period: Jan 1, 1312 to Nov 1, 1337

    Reign of Mansa Musa

    Impact/Significance:
    *Ruled at highest point of Mali Empire
    *Observed Islamic tradition - traveled to Mecca and became very devout Muslim
    *Built Islamic schools and mosques
    Synopsis:
    *Grand-nephew of Sundiata ("lion prince")
    *Significance of trade in Mali Empire grew his rule
    *Songhay Empire continued Islam in their empire influenced by Mali Empire
    *Mali empire fell under his leadership - military pressures and crippling central government
    *Songhay Empire took over Mali Empire
  • Jan 1, 1324

    Reign of Mansa Musa

    Reign of Mansa Musa
    This visual is a mix of a depiction of Mansa Musa as well as the African​ land and people he ruled over when he was king of the Mali Empire.
  • Jan 1, 1330

    First Crusade

    First Crusade
    This picture shows many men on horseback most likely heading towards Jerusalem​; the city they sought to claim back.
  • Jan 1, 1336

    Tamerlane

    Tamerlane
    This is a sculpture of the famous conquer Tamur, who was given the nickname "Tamerlane" because of his limp.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1336 to Jan 1, 1405

    Tamerlane

    Impact/Significance:
    *Timur (Turkic-Mongol conquerer) founded Timurid Empire in Persia/C. Asia (after Mongol collapse, it left vacuum in Persia and China)
    *Conquered Persia, Afganistan, Golden Horde, etc
    Synopsis:
    *Was Muslim (made myth of himself as supernatural to gain respect/followers)
    *Walked with limp - known as "Timur the Lame"
    *Was a conqueror, not a governor
    *Empire experienced strain after Tamerlane's death because not gov. structure was in place (empire divided into four parts)
  • Jan 1, 1337

    Hundred Years of War

    Hundred Years of War
    This picture is an artist's interpretation​ of one of the many battles fought in the Hundred Years of War.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1337 to Jan 1, 1453

    Hundred Year's of War

    Impact and Significance:
    *Broke down feudal system
    *Modern day France/England was born
    *Joan of Ark rose up
    *After wars, Europe was strengthened
    *Able to maintain large army
    *Developed new financial ideas - levied new taxes on subjects
    Synopsis:
    *Cause: European kings trying to gain France
    *Europe was "city-state like" - each region had own type of government rather than tightly centralized - "city-state" governmental form caused issues when bubonic plague broke out which lead to years of war
  • Jan 1, 1340

    First Bubonic Plague

    First Bubonic Plague
    This painting is interpreting and showing the effects the Bubonic Plague had on thousands upon thousands of people.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1340 to Jan 1, 1400

    First Bubonic Plague Pandemic

    Impact/Significance:
    *1/2 of Europe's population died
    *Disrupted economies in North Africa and Eurasia
    *Caused severe shortages in slave labor - peasants tried to increase living circumstances by rebellion through Europe - no success
    *Yuan dynasty collapsed because of plague - economic difficulties
    Synopsis:
    *Spread through rodents
    *Spread through Mongol military campaigns and merchants coming from China (originated in China)
    *Common Symptoms: inflamed lymph nodes, black and purple swelling
  • Jan 1, 1368

    Ming Dynasty

    Ming Dynasty
    This map shows the land conquered and possessed by the Ming Dynasty.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1368 to

    Ming Dynasty

    Impact/Significance:
    *Known as "brilliant" dynasty
    *Eliminated traces of Mongol rule establishing central gov.
    *Reestablished civil service system
    *Rebuilt irrigation systems
    *Cultural revival -Yongle Encyclopedia - Chinese history, philosophy, and literature
    *Sponsered voyages (Zheng He) making China prominent in trade (adopted S. American crops)
    Synopsis:
    *Founded by Emperor Hongwu
    *Relied on mandarins (class that made sure local officials enforced centralized rule)
    *Fell to Manchu invaders
  • Jan 1, 1371

    Zheng He's Expeditions

    Zheng He's Expeditions
    This map displays the many expeditions that Zheng He took sponsored by China.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1405 to Jan 1, 1433

    Zheng He's Expeditions

    Impact/Significance:
    *Expeditions broadened range of Chinese trade (brought porcilen and silk to other countries)
    *Objective: establish trade relationships with parts of SE Asia, India, Arabia, and Africa
    Synopsis:
    *Treasure Fleet – fleet of ships that would travel across the South China Sea and Indian Ocean - big shift for China (going from isolation to exploration)
    *Commanded several treasure fleets
    *Sponsored by China
    *Devout Muslim
    (Date is of his first and most important expedition​)
  • Jan 1, 1438

    Inca Empire

    Inca Empire
    This picture shows the remains of the Inca civilization and the amazing buildings they produced.
  • Jan 1, 1453

    Fall of Constantinople

    Impact/Significance:
    *Brought end to Byzantine Empire
    *Sultan Mehmed II conquered capital
    *Was made new capital of Turkish nomads (changed name to Istanbul)
    *Fourth crusade aided in weakening​ of capital
    Synopsis:
    *Osman's campaign brought Constantinople down
    *Osman attracted many followers from Byzantine commoners - unstable government, peasant rebellion, and political turmoil
    *Osman and followers became most powerful people on Balkan peninsula - opened door to take over Byzantine capital
  • Jan 1, 1453

    Fall of Constantinople

    Fall of Constantinople
    This picture is a depiction of Ibn Mehmed​ II finally taking over and crushing Constantinople.