300px an australian gold diggings

The Australian Goldrush By: AlexT 5M

By AlexT84
  • First Gold Find

    First official reports of the finding of gold in Australia by J McBrien. The information was suppressed.
  • Gold Find near Hartley.

    Gold Find near Hartley.
    Geologists P E Strzelecki and Rev W B Clarke find gold near Hartley.
  • No More Convicts

    No More Convicts
    Transportation of convicts to NSW ceased.
  • Discovery in California

    Gold discovered in California (announced in December 1848).
  • Californian Goldrush

    Californian Goldrush
    Californian gold rush. A great many Australians sailed for California.
  • Approval of Mining

    Governor Fitzroy approached the Colonial Office, advocating a policy for the exploitation of mineral resources. He requested a geologist, which led to the appointment of Samuel Stutchbury. This gave approval for the mining of mineral resources.
  • Start of Australian Goldrush

    Start of Australian Goldrush
    Edward Hargraves VideoEdward Hargraves returned from California and washed gold at Summer Hill Creek, Ophir. Although he showed little skill in discovering new fields, he received recognition and financial rewards. The early rush to the NSW fields led to a serious decline in the population in Victoria, so a reward was offered for the discovery of gold in that region. Several claimants came forward, and by the end of 1851 the incredibly rich Ballarat and Bendigo fields were in production. Licence fees of 30/- a month
  • Population Boom

    Prospectors started arriving from overseas. Approximately 100 000 arrived in 1852. Ships' crews deserted. Women were left while their husbands went in search of gold. Australia's population went from 404 276 to 1 097 305 between
    1850 and 1860. Small gold deposits were discovered in New Zealand.
  • Licence Fee Lowered

    Licence Fee Lowered
    The licence fee in NSW was reduced to 10/- a month after near riots at Turon. Victoria followed suit a few months later.
  • Eureka Rebellion/Stockade

    Eureka Rebellion/Stockade
    Eureka Stockade VideoDiscontent with the licensing system and lack of political rights came to a head in the Eureka Stockade. An inquiry followed.
  • Start of Democracy

    In Victoria, the licence was replaced with the `Miner's Right', costing 1/- per annum and carrying the right to vote. An export duty of 2s 6d per ounce was placed on gold instead.
  • Changes in NSW

    NSW adopted similar changes in licensing and voting to Victoria.
  • Gold in Columbia

    Gold discovered in British Columbia (25 000 prospectors).
  • Help for Diggers

    A small deposit of gold was discovered north of Fitzroy River in north Queensland. The few acres were soon exhausted by the arrivals. 5000-6000 footsore and penniless diggers had to be helped to return to Victoria or to the inland NSW goldfields.
  • Chinese Growing

    An influx of Chinese miners meant that by 1860 one fifth of all adult men in Victoria were Chinese.
  • Chinese Attacked

    Lambing Flat riots, in which whites attacked Chinese miners.
  • Migration

    Workable gold discovered in New Zealand. Between 1861 and 1863, 64 000 people travelled to Otago from Australia, while only 8600 arrived from Britain.
  • Gold in Western Australia

    Gold discovered at Coolgardie, WA.
  • Gold Field in Gympie

    A valuable gold field discovered in Gympie, Queensland.
  • Valueble Gold in South Africa

    Valuable deposits of very deep gold discovered on the Rand, South Africa. It took money and machinery to extract this gold.
  • Gold in Kalgoorie

    Gold discovered at Kalgoorlie, WA.
  • End of Gold Rush 1

    The first goldfields were alluvial or surface goldfields, where the gold could be washed or winnowed from the soil. The life of these goldfields was short. In Victoria in 1852, it was estimated that the value of gold found by diggers was an average of 324 oz per head. By 1856 it had fallen to 103 oz and it further declined to 78 oz in 1865. In Victoria in 1856, there were 115 000 prospectors (or alluvial diggers.) By 1865, the number had declined to 80 000.
  • End of Gold Rush 2

    Of the Australians who went to the goldfields, many had hoped to gain a stake to establish a farm or a business. Many found employment with the mining companies, operating quartz-crushing machines or working on steam power generation. Others returned home or moved to other fields in Australia, New Zealand or America.
  • Gold in Alaska

    Gold discovered in Alaska.