-The fur trade began because of a demand for fur in Europe .
Jan 1, 1500
first trader in canada
Samueul de Champlain was one of the first french traders in Canada, he and other traders got the furs from the aboriginals and white trappers.
Period: Jan 1, 1500 to
Problems of the fur trade
-in the 1700's the French and English traders fought over the regions leading to the French and Indian war in 1754.
-aboriginal communities died because of a diesease called small poxs brought in by the Europeons in the blankets and other items they traded.
Outcome of the fur trade
-aboriginals in Canada died while Europeans got new coats and hats
-the British won the war in 1763 claiming Frances land
-after the fur trade the Hudson Bay Company turned into one of the biggest stores in Canada.
The beginning of the railroad
-the railroad was built because of a demand for transporting goods and people across the country .
-the first public railway was in Quebec in 1836.
-the first train to travel from the Atlantic to the Pacific was in June of 1886
Physical impact of the fur trade
-the killing of millions of animals almost lead to near extinction of mink, wolf, otter, beaver, fox and marten in Canada
Physical impact of the railroad
-opening the west to future settlers and industry
-many trees were cut down and sadly lots of animals were run over on the tracks.
Problems in the railroad
-in april of 1886 there was a flood that stop the building of lots of stations
-on June 29 1864 a train crashed killing lots of people
beggining of the Gold Rush
-gold was sent to San Francisco by the Governor of Vancouver James Douglas. An american group of prospecters heard about it and rushed to the North
Famous people of the gold rush
Billy Barker-found one of the biggest strikes in the Caribou making him one of the most well known people in the gold rush.
The Cons of the gold rush
-the Aboriginal people thought the prospecters were taking their rescources away
Enviromental Impact of the Gold Rush
gold pannimg hurt the salmon population in B.C
outcome of the gold rush
-the gold rush was the base of the government of B.C
British North American Act
This was the act that gave the government of Canada more power over the country that was once controled fully by Great Britian.
Ontario became a province
Quebec became a province
Nova Scotia became a province
British Columbia became a province
North West Territories became a province
Manitoba became a province
Prince Edward Island became a province
Important people in the railway
-Sir John Alexander Macdonald Canadas first prime minister, had a dream about a railway from coast to coast.
Yukon became a territory
Outcome of the railway
-the railroad built Canadas economy, created jobs and made people able to go to other citys and provinces, connecting the country
Alberta became a province
Saskatchewan became a province
Newfoundland became a province
The Constitution Act of 1982
This act gave the country full independence from Great Britian. The Constitution of Canada is comprised of 7 parts. The first part is the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. It is important to have a Constitution because it outlines the basic rules and laws of the government , making the expectations clear for all citizens.