Goldrush 1

Australian Goldrush by Edward 5M

  • First find

    First find
    First official reports of the finding of gold in Australia by J McBrien. The information was suppressed.
  • Find near Hartley

    Find near Hartley
    Geologists P E Strzelecki and Rev W B Clarke find gold near Hartley.
  • Transport of convicts

    Transport of convicts
    Transportation of convicts to NSW ceased.
  • Gold discovered in California

    Gold discovered in California
    Gold discovered in California (announced in December 1848).
  • Governor Fitzroy

    Governor Fitzroy
    Governor Fitzroy approached the Colonial Office, advocating a policy for theexploitation of mineral resources. He requested a geologist, which led to theappointment of Samuel Stutchbury. This gave approval for the mining of mineral
  • Australians sailed for California.

    Australians sailed for California.
    Californian gold rush. A great many Australians sailed for California.
  • Edward Hargraves

    Edward Hargraves
    Edward Hargraves returned from California and washed gold at Summer Hill Creek, Ophir. Although he showed little skill in discovering new fields, he received recognition and financial rewards. The early rush to the NSW fields led to a serious decline in the population in Victoria, so a reward was offered for the discovery of gold in that region. Several claimants came forward, and by the end of 1851 the incredibly rich Ballarat and Bendigo fields
  • Prospectors

    Prospectors started arriving from overseas. Approximately 100 000 arrived in
    1852. Ships' crews deserted. Women were left while their husbands went in
    search of gold. Australia's population went from 404 276 to 1 097 305 between
    1850 and 1860. Small gold deposits were discovered in New Zealand.
  • licence fee

    licence fee
    The licence fee in NSW was reduced to 10/- a month after near riots at Turon.
    Victoria followed suit a few months later.
  • Discontent with the licensing system

    Discontent with the licensing system
    Discontent with the licensing system and lack of political rights came to a head inthe Eureka Stockade. An inquiry followed.
  • Miner's Right

    Miner's Right
    In Victoria, the licence was replaced with the `Miner's Right', costing 1/- per
    annum and carrying the right to vote. An export duty of 2s 6d per ounce was
    placed on gold instead.
  • NSW adopted similar changes

    NSW adopted similar changes in licensing and voting to Victoria.
  • Fitzroy River

    Fitzroy River
    A small deposit of gold was discovered north of Fitzroy River in north
    Queensland. The few acres were soon exhausted by the arrivals. 5000-6000
    footsore and penniless diggers had to be helped to return to Victoria or to the
    inland NSW goldfields.
  • British Columbia

    British Columbia
    Gold discovered in British Columbia (25 000 prospectors).
  • Lambing Flat riots

    Lambing Flat riots, in which whites attacked Chinese miners.
  • An influx of Chinese miners

    An influx of Chinese miners
    An influx of Chinese miners meant that by 1860 one fifth of all adult men in
    Victoria were Chinese.
  • Workable gold discovered in New Zealand

    New Zealand. Between 1861 and 1863, 64 000 people travelled to Otago from Australia, while only 8600 arrived from Britain.
  • Coolgardie

    Gold discovered at Coolgardie, WA.
  • Gympie

    A valuable gold field discovered in Gympie, Queensland.
  • Valuable deposits

    Valuable deposits
    Valuable deposits of very deep gold discovered on the Rand, South Africa. It took
    money and machinery to extract this gold.
  • Gold discovered in Alaska.

    Gold discovered in Alaska.
    Gold discovered in Alaska. The first goldfields were alluvial or surface goldfields, where the gold could be
    washed or winnowed from the soil. The life of these goldfields was short. In
    Victoria in 1852, it was estimated that the value of gold found by diggers was an
    average of 324 oz per head. By 1856 it had fallen to 103 oz and it further
    declined to 78 oz in 1865. In Victoria in 1856, there were 115 000 prospectors (or
    alluvial diggers.) By 1865, the number had declined to 80 000. Of th