Australian map

The Australian Gold Rush by Albert 5M

  • J McBrien

    J McBrien
    First official reports of the finding of gold in Australia by J McBrien. The
    information was suppressed.
  • Hartley

    Geologists P E Strzelecki and Rev W B Clarke find gold near Hartley.
  • Transportation

    Transportation of convicts to NSW ceased.
  • California

    Gold discovered in California (announced in December 1848).
  • Governor Fitzroy

    Governor Fitzroy
    Governor Fitzroy approached the Colonial Office, advocating a policy for the
    exploitation of mineral resources. He requested a geologist, which led to the
    appointment of Samuel Stutchbury. This gave approval for the mining of mineral
  • California Gold Rush

    California Gold Rush
    Californiam Gold Rush
    Californian gold rush. A great many Australians sailed for California.
  • Edward Hargraves

    Edward Hargraves
    Edward Hargraves
    Edward Hargraves returned from California and washed gold at Summer Hill
    Creek, Ophir. Although he showed little skill in discovering new fields, he
    received recognition and financial rewards. The early rush to the NSW fields led
    to a serious decline in the population in Victoria, so a reward was offered for the
    discovery of gold in that region. Several claimants came forward, and by the end of 1851 the incredibly rich Ballarat and Bendigo fields were in production.
    Licence fees of 30/- a month
  • Australia

    Prospectors started arriving from overseas. Approximately 100 000 arrived in
    1852. Ships' crews deserted. Women were left while their husbands went in
    search of gold. Australia's population went from 404 276 to 1 097 305 between
    1850 and 1860. Small gold deposits were discovered in New Zealand.
  • License Fee

    License Fee
    The licence fee in NSW was reduced to 10/- a month after near riots at Turon.
    Victoria followed suit a few months later.
  • Euraka Stocade

    Euraka Stocade
    Euraka Stockade
    Discontent with the licensing system and lack of political rights came to a head in
    the Eureka Stockade. An inquiry followed.
  • Victoria

    In Victoria, the licence was replaced with the `Miner's Right', costing 1/- per
    annum and carrying the right to vote. An export duty of 2s 6d per ounce was
    placed on gold instead.
  • NSW

    NSW adopted similar changes in licensing and voting to Victoria.
  • Queensland

    A small deposit of gold was discovered north of Fitzroy River in north
    Queensland. The few acres were soon exhausted by the arrivals. 5000-6000
    footsore and penniless diggers had to be helped to return to Victoria or to the
    inland NSW goldfields.
  • Columbia

    1858Gold discovered in British Columbia (25 000 prospectors).
  • Period: to

    Lambing Flats, NSW

    Lambing Flat riots, in which whites attacked Chinese miners.
  • Chinese Miners

    Chinese Miners
    Chinese Miners
    An influx of Chinese miners meant that by 1860 one fifth of all adult men in
    Victoria were Chinese.
  • Lambing Flat, NSW

    Lambing Flat, NSW
    Lambing Flat riots, in which whites attacked Chinese miners.
  • New Zealand

    New Zealand
    Workable gold discovered in New Zealand. Between 1861 and 1863, 64 000
    people travelled to Otago from Australia, while only 8600 arrived from Britain.
  • Coolgardie, Western Australia

    Coolgardie, Western Australia
    Gold discovered at Coolgardie, WA.
  • Gympie, Queensland

    Gympie, Queensland
    A valuable gold field discovered in Gympie, Queensland.
  • South Africa

    South Africa
    Valuable deposits of very deep gold discovered on the Rand, South Africa. It took
    money and machinery to extract this gold.
  • Kalgoorlie, Western Australia

    Kalgoorlie, Western Australia
    Gold discovered at Kalgoorlie, WA.
  • Alaska

    Gold discovered in Alaska. The first goldfields were alluvial or surface goldfields, where the gold could be
    washed or winnowed from the soil. The life of these goldfields was short. In
    Victoria in 1852, it was estimated that the value of gold found by diggers was an
    average of 324 oz per head. By 1856 it had fallen to 103 oz and it further
    declined to 78 oz in 1865. In Victoria in 1856, there were 115 000 prospectors (or
    alluvial diggers.) By 1865, the number had declined to 80 000. Of the Aus