Jan 1, 1400
Age of Exploration BeginsThe Europeans explored the sea to find good trading partners, new goods, and trade routes.
Columbus didn't mean to come to America, he was going West to Asia. He was looking for Riches.
Most explorers were from France, Mexico, and Portuguese.
Def of Conquistador: A Conqueror.
Which explorer tore down Tenochtitlan and founded New Spain: Hernan Cortes
Jan 1, 1500
Pineda's adventuresMade maps of Mexico and ended up becoming one of the most famous conquistadors.
Went on a trip from Florida to Mexico with 400 men. A hurricane came and only 80 men ended up surviving from being washed up to shore.
Explored the coast of Texas and the survivors ended up being the first Europeans to explore the interior of Texas.
Jan 1, 1500
Cabeza DeVaca shipwrecksCabeza DeVaca was captured by Karankawa Indians.
Disease killed many Natives during the Age of Contact.
In Mexico, people thought that Cabeza was telling stories about Cibola.
Jan 1, 1500
Coronado Sets out for CibolaPeople call It the Seven Cities of Cobola.
Coronado thought Cibola was in Texas because he read Cabeza De Vaca's book.
Coronado did not find Cibola.
During Coronado's expedition, Coronado discovered the Grand Canyon.
La Salle lands in TexasMexico was challenging Spain for Texas.
La Salle discovered the Mississippi River Delta.
Fort St Louis FoundedFort St Louis is in Texas near Arenosa creek and Matagorda Bay.
Fort St Louis was founded by La Salle in 1685.
Fort St Louis Failed because of starvation and Indian attacks.
La Salle was shot in the head by Dehault.
Marques De Rubi inspects TexasMarques De Rubi's mission was to inspect the northern frontier.
De Rubi was sent by King Carlos 111.
2 Recommendations De Rubi made after his journey was that Spain reorganize its frontier defenses, and he wanted East Tx to be abandoned.
Philip Nolan ExpiditionA filibuster is someone who wanted independence in Texas from Spain.
2 Filibusters are
Jean Lafitte was a French/American Privateer in the Gulf of Mexico
The Louisiana PurchaseIt made Friction between their relations.
The 3 countries that claimed land after the Louisiana Purchase were England, France, and Spain.
Moses AustinSpanish granted Moses Austins wish because he wouldnt take no for a answer.
Before he could complete the making of his colony he dies and tells his son SFA to take over.
SFA establishes his colonyAn Empresario is someone who is granted the right to settle in Mexico for recruiting new settlers in exchange.
SFA established his colony in Austin Texas
Some requirements were for the 300 families to be loyal to the governmet and have a Spain religion.
The old 300 were the 300 families Stephan F Austin used for his colony.
The challenges were have the right 300 families and being able to win the war for independence.
2 other Empresarios were
Mexico Gains IndependenceMexico got their indeoendence by being at war for 11 years then Juan ODonoju signs the treaty of Carboda.
The 1824 constitution of Mexico.
Texas was joined with Coahuila.
Fredonian RebellianIt was the attempt of settlers in Texas to secede from Mexico.
Edwards brothers were upset with some supporters who took over the region.
It ended with a peace treaty's.
Mier y Teran reportThe goal was to help the fredonian Rebellion.
Teran was sent because American Influence was getting stronger everyday.
His recommendations were first to trade between Tx and Mex and Mexico should be increased in the effort to discourage trade with the U.S.
Austin ArrestedStephan F Austin was arrested because he went to Santa Anna to present him about the need and want for separate status from Coahuila and the list of demands for the will of his people, but Santa Anna refused and put SFA in jail.
After SFA got out of jail he gave up his hope on the Anglo Texans remaining a part of Mexico.
Battle of GonzalesIt was fought because of rebellious Texans wanting to stand up for themselves against Mexico armys.
The important slogan was "come and take it" because Texas was challenging Mexico to come and take their canon.
San Antonio de Bexar SeigeA Seige is when an army surrounds a base.
Santa Anna was in charge of San Antoniobefore the Seige.
All of Texas was in control of it after the Seige.
The Alamo FallsDavid Crockett, Peirce Bowie, and William B Travis were 3 people from the Alamo.
There was about 250 Texans and about 2000-3000 Mexicans at the Alamo.
Sam Houston didn't send Reinforcements because he didn't care about the Texans that were defending the Alamo.
The Mexican won.
The Alamo FallsDavid Crockett, Peirce Bowie, and William B Travis.
There were about 250-300 Texans and 2000-3000 Mexicans.
Sam Houston didn't send reinforcements because he didn't care about the Texans who were defending the Alamo.
The Mexicans and Santa Anna won the battle of the Alamo.
The runaway ScrapeEveryone was moving East.
To slow down and get away from Santa Anna and his army.
Everyone who was against Santa Anna and his army were running because he would've killed them.
Everyone thought Sam Houston was being a coward.
Battle of San JacintoTwo war cries were "Remember the Alamo" and "Remember Goliad"
2 Texans died while 630 Mexicans die.
Santa Anna stood still not knowing how to direct his men.
The Texans became victorious.
Law of April 6ththe law of April 6 says that there could be no more immagrations,
it provided a federal official to supervise Empresario contracts,
It tried to encourage Mexicans to immagrate,
no more slaves to Mexico,
the establishing of new forts,
And there was import taxes.
Convention of 1833The purpose was to get San Fernando De Bexar to send delegates.
Austin went to Mexico alone to present resolutions.
Convention of 1836Two important documents made during the convention of 1836 was the Texas declaration of independence and the Constitution of the Republic of Texas
Goliad MassacreFannin and his men lost to the battle of Coleto.
Santa Anna ordered the massacre to happen.
250-300 Texans died.
Mission San francisco foundedThe purpose was to take in natives and turn them Christian.
Friars led the missions.
Spain is responsible.
Native Americans were affiliated with it.
Most missions were unsuccessful
They failed because of disease.